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Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

G. Ronald Murphy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The story of the Grail, usually identified as some kind of mystical vessel, has gripped the imaginations of millions since it first appeared in several medieval romances. Of these, Wolfram von ... More


Prologue: Prologue: In the Beginning: Grails, the Grail, and the Stars

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the earliest written accounts about the Grail. It then lays out the theoretical foundations of this book. The first is to address the question of the ... More


The Idea of the Holy Grail

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on the idea of the Grail. It explains Wolfram's declaration by unfolding the nature and purpose of the stone Grail as it is found in his epic poem of Parzival, and then, based on ... More


The World of Precious Stones

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on the significance of the gemstone in Wolfram. Wolfram not only identifies the Grail as a precious stone but also uses stones to mark the inner structure of his work by ... More


The Crusaders' Quest: The Holy Sepulcher

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter argues that Wolfram's two great epics, Parzival and Willehalm, are a poet's protest against the whole notion of religious crusade, and in particular against Christian-Muslim enmity. In ... More


The Frame Story: Feirefiz, Parzival, and Their Father

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Wolfram clearly used the text of Chrétien's doubly named Perceval, or The Story of the Grail, and he, too, wove together what are two perhaps quite different tales, the folktale of the naive young ... More


The Frame Story Ending: The Overflowing Grail

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on the ending of the story of Parzival. It shows that helmets, when they work effectively and because they work effectively, enable violent fighting to occur because they make ... More


The Grail in the Inner Story

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter argues that Wolfram modifies Chrétien's story in accordance with his interpretation of this journey and of the nature of its goal, the Holy Grail. It is impossible to detail every change ... More


The Paradise Altar of Bamberg

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on the (Bamberg) Paradise Altar. It is believed to be the stone that Wolfram was thinking of, or inspired by, when he came to his realization about the true nature of the Grail. ... More


Afterword: Aftermath

G. Ronald Murphy

in Gemstone of Paradise: The Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306392
eISBN:
9780199785025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306392.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It considers the question of whether Wolfram's concept of the Grail was understood. And whether his readers/listeners entered through the sixteen gates ... More


Conclusion

Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner

in Chrétien Continued: A Study of the Conte du Graal and its Verse Continuations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557219
eISBN:
9780191720932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557219.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

In order to renew our understanding of Chrétien's unfinished romance through an approach that focuses on his dialogue with the continuations, this study avoids the well-worn trail that leads to ... More


Introduction

Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner

in Chrétien Continued: A Study of the Conte du Graal and its Verse Continuations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557219
eISBN:
9780191720932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557219.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

The introduction gives an overview of the corpus included in this study, Chrétien's Conte du Graal and the four verse continuations: the anonymous First or Gauvain Continuation, the Second or ... More


Authorial Relays

Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner

in Chrétien Continued: A Study of the Conte du Graal and its Verse Continuations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557219
eISBN:
9780191720932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557219.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

Chapter 1 examines the collective nature of authorship linking Chrétien and the continuators by analyzing the rhetorical play of authors' names, whose placement in the text never coincides with the ... More


Violent Swords and Utopian Plowshares

Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner

in Chrétien Continued: A Study of the Conte du Graal and its Verse Continuations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557219
eISBN:
9780191720932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557219.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

Chapter 4 examines the role of violence within the Arthurian ideal, made more acute as the heroes themselves are seen as aggressors against the innocent. Imbricated oppositions between courtly and ... More


Middles, Beginnings, and Ends

Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner

in Chrétien Continued: A Study of the Conte du Graal and its Verse Continuations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557219
eISBN:
9780191720932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557219.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

Chapter 5 addresses anomalies of narrative structure within Chrétien's romance and across the cycle. A new perspective on the religious dimensions of Perceval and its effects on later rewriting ... More


The Danger of Romance: Truth, Fantasy, and Arthurian Fictions

Karen Sullivan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226540122
eISBN:
9780226540436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226540436.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Since the first appearance of “romance” (roman) in mid-twelfth-century France, this genre of literature has been condemned by learned readers, who view it as failing to represent reality as it truly ... More


Quest and Questioning in Romance

Richard W. Kaeuper

in Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244584
eISBN:
9780191697388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244584.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter focuses on quest patterns in order to take a closer look at the evidence and to show that the role of chivalry in issue or order appears in entire works less than in passages selected ... More


Some Notes on Analyzing Wagner: The Ring and Parsifal

David Lewin

in Studies in Music with Text

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182088
eISBN:
9780199850594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182088.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter looks at Example 11.la, which sketches the Tarnhelm motive from Das Rheingold as first heard; Example 11.lb sketches the modulating middle section of the Valhalla theme, again as first ... More


Wagner's Parsifal

William Kinderman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195366921
eISBN:
9780199344864
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366921.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, History, Western

This detailed study of Parsifal, a work described by the composer as his "last card," explores the evolution of the text and music of this inexhaustible yet highly controversial music drama across ... More


The Romances of Chretien de Troyes

Joseph J. Duggan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300083576
eISBN:
9780300133707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300083576.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Twelfth-century French poet Chretien de Troyes was one of the most influential figures in Western literature, for his romantic poems on the legend of King Arthur gave rise to a tradition of ... More


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