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Quantified: Biosensing Technologies in Everyday Life

Dawn Nafus (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034173
eISBN:
9780262334549
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034173.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

Today anyone can purchase technology that can track, quantify, and measure the body and its environment. Wearable or portable sensors detect heart rates, glucose levels, steps taken, water quality, ... More


Bayesian Models for Sparse Regression Analysis of High Dimensional Data *

Sylvia Richardson, Leonardo Bottolo, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This paper considers the task of building efficient regression models for sparse multivariate analysis of high dimensional data sets, in particular it focuses on cases where the numbers q of ... More


Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Jennifer S. Singh

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Multiple Autisms investigates the emergence of autism as a genetic disorder and why the search for autism genes became a research priority for private and public funding agencies in the U.S. since ... More


FastXFast

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how speed genomics spurred a complex political economy in Iceland, focusing on the experiences of three of the earliest genomics-based companies: Human Genome Sciences Inc., ... More


Biobanking, Consent, and Certificates of Confidentiality: Does the ANPRM Muddy the Water?

Brett A. Williams and Leslie E. Wolf

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Certificates of Confidentiality, a legal tool for protecting sensitive, identifiable research data, are recommended for genetic, genomics, and other biospecimen research. The proposed changes to the ... More


Mandating Consent for Future Research with Biospecimens: A Call for Enhanced Community Engagement

Carol Weil, Hilary Shutak, Benjamin Fombonne, and Nicole Lockhart

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The use of human biological samples in medical research has the potential to transform our understanding of health and disease in the age of the genome, but the collection and banking of samples for ... More


Computing Evidence

Christa Teston

in Bodies in Flux: Scientific Methods for Negotiating Medical Uncertainty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226450520
eISBN:
9780226450834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450834.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Genetic tests help us negotiate the uncertainty posed by a body’s inherited genetic legacy. In the United States, it has never before been more affordable and available. On what behind-the-scenes ... More


Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Lundy Braun

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The spirometer is used routinely to diagnose respiratory disease in specialist and primary care settings, although most patients probably do not recognize the name of the device. An important feature ... More


Are Men and Women as Different as Humans and Chimpanzees?

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapters 9 and 10 marshal the book’s preceding historical discussion to motivate a critical discussion of this new genomic research on sex differences and to offer analytical tools and frameworks for ... More


Gender and the Human Genome

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

History yields concrete insights about sex chromosome science that might be productively taken up by genetic researchers today. Three prescriptions follow from this book’s analysis. The first is to ... More


Defining, Counting, Contesting: Changes in Diagnosis, Prevalence, and Advocacy

Jennifer S. Singh

in Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

A brief history of the clinical autism gaze based on changing diagnostic criteria and prevalence over time is provided in Chapter 1. It also offers historical background of different types of ... More


No Single Gene for Autism: The Emergence of Genomic Styles of Thought

Jennifer S. Singh

in Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Chapter 3 charts the scientific and social histories of investigating autism as genetic (one gene/one autism) and shifts to genomics (many genes/many autisms). It traces the initial optimism and ... More


“Inventing” the Spirometer Working-Class Bodies in Victorian England

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 1 focuses on mid-nineteenth century Britain when John Hutchinson published his studies on the spirometer and exhibited the instrument and his data to elite London societies. Hutchinson was ... More


Black Lungs and White Lungs: The Science of White Supremacy in the Nineteenth-Century United States

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 explores the uptake of the spirometer in the U.S. where it was used to study racial difference in a large anthropometric study at the end of the Civil War. While Frederick Hoffman drew on ... More


The Professionalization of Physical Culture: Making and Measuring Whiteness

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 examines the use of spirometer in physical education at U.S. college and universities and its role in monitoring and marking Anglo-Saxon manhood and womanhood.


Progress and Race: Vitality in Turn-of-the-Century Britain

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 examines the spirometer in physical education in mid-nineteenth century Britain and its later use by Francis Galton as part of a test for “bodily efficiency” that he considered useful in ... More


Globalizing Spirometry: The “Racial Factor” in Scientific Medicine

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 tracks the spirometer as it moved among the U.S., Britain, and South Africa at a moment when users recognized the pressing need to distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” lung capacity.


Adjudicating Disability in the Industrial Worker

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 6 focuses on a particular site of technological innovation in Britain after the Second World War. The Pneumoconiosis Research Unit was established to investigate disease among coal miners. ... More


Diagnosing Silicosis: Physiological Testing in South African Gold Mines

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 7 centers on the use of the spirometer in South Africa to adjudicate disability claims among gold miners, but only in whites. Black miners at the time were largely excluded from monitoring ... More


How Race Takes Root

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Epilogue brings the topic up to the present.


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