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Equilibrium

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

After demolishing metaphysical notions of moral behavior, John Mackie's Inventing Right and Wrong argues that the way forward is through the study of anthropology and game theory. This chapter begins ... More


Measuring Social Norms and Preferences Using Experimental Games: A Guide for Social Scientist s

Colin F. Camerer and Ernst Fehr

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The work of the cross‐cultural behavioural experiments project presented in this book is rooted in the logic of game theory and the practices of experimental economics, and this chapter provides an ... More


 Seeking Refinement

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers a critical review of attempts to refine the idea of a Nash equilibrium. It begins by reiterating the arguments against a naïve interpretation of subgame-perfect equilibria using ... More


 Cutting a Deal

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines noncooperative bargaining models and links them with cooperative bargaining concepts in accordance with the Nash program. Following a discussion of what matters in real-life ... More


 Mixing Things Up

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter develops the idea of a mixed strategy using the entry into a sealed-bid auction as a non-trivial example. Reaction curves are first illustrated for the case of pure strategies and then ... More


The Roots of ABMS

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter presents the history of agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) including John Conway's “Game of Life”, Thomas Schelling's housing segregation model, and John Holland's seven features ... More


Market Integration and Fairness: Evidence from Ultimatum, Dictator, and Public Goods Experiments in East Afric a

Jean Ensminger

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An analysis of the role of market integration and fairness in the responses of the Orma of northern Kenya in the Ultimatum, Dictator, and Public Goods Games is presented. The Orma are a ... More


Overview and Synthesis

Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin F. Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, and Richard McElreath

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

A summary is given of the results obtained from all fifteen field sites of the cross‐cultural behavioural experiments project reported in the book and comparisons are made between them. Two lessons ... More


 Teaming Up

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers a brief survey of the theory of coalition formation introduced by Von Neumann and Morgenstern. The coalitional form of a game is defined and discussed. The idea of the core of a ... More


 Just Playing?

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers an approach to applying game theory to David Hume's ideas on moral philosophy. It begins by explaining how the Humean approach allows a different interpretation of experimental ... More


Kinship, Familiarity, and Trust: An Experimental Investigatio n

Abigail Barr

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The Trust Game and the Ultimatum Game were used to look at the effects of kinship ties, familiarity, and trust on social interaction among the Shona of Zimbabwe. The study described made a ... More


Economic Experiments to Examine Fairness and Cooperation among the Ache Indians of Paraguay

Kim Hill and Michael Gurven

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has been suggested that cooperative outcomes may be more ubiquitous in traditional hunter–gatherer societies, which are characterized by economic systems that more closely resemble those in which ... More


 Planning Ahead

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter consolidates the ideas necessary to understand the strategic form of a game. Payoff functions are introduced, and strategic forms of versions of Duel and Russian Roulette illustrate the ... More


Comparative Experimental Evidence from Machiguenga, Mapuche, Huinca, and American Populations

Joseph Henrich and Natalie Smith

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Experimental results are reported from Ultimatum and Public Goods Games performed among the Machiguenga of the Peruvian Amazon, the Mapuche and Huinca of southern Chile, and US control groups in Los ... More


Dictators and Ultimatums in an Egalitarian Society of Hunter–Gatherers: The Hadza of Tanzani a

Frank Marlowe

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has often been suggested that the foundation for much human cooperation is the widespread food sharing observed among hunter–gatherers. To investigate this proposition, the study reported here ... More


Does Market Exposure Affect Economic Game Behavio r?: The Ultimatum Game and the Public Goods Game among the Tsimane' of Bolivia

Michael Gurven

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on the behaviour in the Ultimatum and Public Goods Games of the Tsimane’, a group of Bolivian forager–horticulturalists. The study attempts to answer two questions: (1) whether ... More


Holiday Custom and Entertainment

C. L. Barber

in Shakespeare's Festive Comedy: A Study of Dramatic Form and Its Relation to Social Custom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149523
eISBN:
9781400839858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149523.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

During Shakespeare's lifetime, England became conscious of holiday custom as it had not been before, in the very period when in many areas the keeping of holidays was on the decline. Shakespeare, ... More


Misrule as Comedy; Comedy as Misrule

C. L. Barber

in Shakespeare's Festive Comedy: A Study of Dramatic Form and Its Relation to Social Custom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149523
eISBN:
9781400839858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149523.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers the tendency for Elizabethan comedy to be a saturnalia, rather than to represent saturnalian experience. In Elizabethan England, a direct development of comedy out of festivity ... More


Is Dance a Man's Sport Too?: The Performance of Athletic‐Coded Masculinity on the Concert Dance Stage *

Maura Keefe

in When Men Dance: Choreographing Masculinities Across Borders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195386691
eISBN:
9780199863600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386691.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Dance

Maura Keefe argues that choreographers in the United States have very often drawn inspiration and themes from the world of sports, leaning especially on the image of the male athlete as a key iconic ... More


Game Management

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Aldo Leopold's Report on a Game Survey of the North Central States received nearly universally positive reviews. He followed it up with Game Management, a larger book detailing the history, theory, ... More


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