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The Quantitative Transformation of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks at attempts to quantify natural phenomena and, in particular, forces. Early efforts along these lines — notably by Galileo and Descartes — tried to extrapolate from statics to ... More


Reconstructing Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the perceived failures of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries were put down to his conception of method. In fact, both defenders of Aristotle and his ... More


Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


o n e The Vis Viva Debate Kant's Starting Point

Martin Schönfeld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the context of Kant’s first and original puzzle: what actually is force? It is an account of the debate over kinetic energy (Leibniz’s “living force” or vis viva) and the ... More


The Relativity Principle and the Fable of Albert Keinstein

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Albert Einstein was not the first to use the relativity principle (RP) as a postulate in the treatment of a problem in physics. Christian Huygens had done so over two hundred ... More


Krisis

Claudio Ciborra

in The Labyrinths of Information: Challenging the Wisdom of Systems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275267
eISBN:
9780191714399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275267.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter discusses the ‘crisis’ in the information and communication technology (ICT) discipline. It argues that crisis is due to the separation between people and science, and the neglect of ... More


Space Cooperation

Nicola Casarini

in Remaking Global Order: The Evolution of Europe-China Relations and its Implications for East Asia and the United States

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199560073
eISBN:
9780191721168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560073.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines EU—China space and satellite navigation cooperation, including the strategic implications of this form of collaboration for the United States. This chapter traces the process ... More


Humility

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Humility as an intellectual virtue is the absence of intellectual vanity, arrogance, and domination (among other vices of the same family). As such, intellectual humility is a low level of concern to ... More


Back to the Future

Nicola Casarini

in Remaking Global Order: The Evolution of Europe-China Relations and its Implications for East Asia and the United States

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199560073
eISBN:
9780191721168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560073.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The last chapter begins by examining the emergence of negative perceptions about China among European public opinions in the last years, explaining how these dynamics, along with changes at the top ... More


Robert Bellarmine and the Catholic Church: Questions of Power and Authority

Stefania Tutino

in Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740536
eISBN:
9780199894765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The final chapter closes back on the Roman Curia, and it explains how, in Bellarmine’s view, the dynamics and mechanics of its power worked. The first section of this chapter illustrates the ... More


Entering into a New Paradigm

William A. Richards and G. William Barnard

in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174060
eISBN:
9780231540919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

A shift in how we understand reality.


Introduction: The Revival of Ancient Materialism

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter contains an historical sketch of the circumstances surrounding the recovery of the text of Lucretius's On the Nature of Things and the spread of Epicureanism from Italy to France and ... More


Science and Religion in Constructive Engagement

Michael J. Murray

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

In recent years theologians have worked harder to incorporate the deliverances of science into their theological systems. Most of them are keen to avoid Galileo-Affair-style collision courses with ... More


Media‐Eye View

Larry A. Witham

in Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The John Scopes “monkey trial” over evolution in 1925 set a pattern for news coverage of future disputes in courts, churches, school boards, and legislatures. This chapter samples media treatment of ... More


The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Louis Girifalco

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book conveys the excitement of science and the mystery of nature. It describes gravitation by examining the achievements of those great scientists who have struggled with the seemingly simple ... More


The first modern giant

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Galileo was the first scientist to bring together all the elements that characterize modern science and split the entire history of science in two. He gave the first correct mathematical description ... More


Life on the Moon

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Life on the Moon — an old notion — was revived by the astronomical work of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the invention of the optical telescope in the early 17th century. Galileo ... More


Galileo and the Indispensability of Scientific Thought Experiment

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that thought experiments play a distinctive role in scientific inquiry. Reasoning about particular entities within the context of an imaginary scenario can lead to rationally ... More


Epilogue: Unfinished Business

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Many people were disappointed or dissatisfied with the process of the ending of Pope John Paul II's rehabilitation of Galileo during the period 1979–1992. The case which was closed by Pope John Paul ... More


System: The Shaping of Modern Knowledge

Clifford Siskin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035316
eISBN:
9780262336345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035316.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book illuminates the role that “system” has played in the shaping and reshaping of modern knowledge. System can describe what we see, as with Galileo’s sighting of Jupiter’s moons, operate a ... More


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