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The Lost Theory of Asclepiades of Bithynia

J. T. Vallance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242482
eISBN:
9780191680489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242482.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

An ancient doctor who advocated the therapeutic benefits of wine and passive exercise was bound to be successful. However, Asclepiades of Bithynia did far more than reform much of traditional ... More


Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Richard Sorabji

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Stoics (Chrysippus, Seneca, Epictetus) tell us how to get rid of unwanted emotions by re-evaluating situations (cognitive therapy). In their view, an emotion is a pair of value judgements that ... More


Readers and Reading Culture in the High Roman Empire: A Study of Elite Communities

William A. Johnson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195176407
eISBN:
9780199775545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176407.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Readers and Reading Culture in the High Empire examines the system and culture of reading among the elite in second-century Rome. The focus is on deep sociocultural contextualization for ... More


Doctors and Intellectuals: Galen’s Reading Community

William A. Johnson

in Readers and Reading Culture in the High Roman Empire: A Study of Elite Communities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195176407
eISBN:
9780199775545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176407.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Galen of Pergamum was court physician to Marcus Aurelius and the leading doctor of his time. He also was a prolific writer, who wrote with interesting clarity about his expectations for readers. This ... More


Seneca's Defence: First Movements as Answering Posidonius

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

First movements of the soul for the Stoic materialists include bites, which are small contractions of the physical soul sensed in distress. First movements of the body include pallor, tears, and ... More


Galen, Christians, logic

Jonathan Barnes

in Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263235
eISBN:
9780191734328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263235.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The three subjects — Galen, Christians, and logic — have two things in common. First, they are major aspects of the ancient world: Galen was one of the three most influential scientists of antiquity ... More


Competing Readings of Stoic Passions

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Stoics and Epicureans, while holding that all human beings are constitutively capable of achieving a fully coherent state of character, also maintain that failure to realize this capacity results in ... More


Competing Readings of Platonic Psychology

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In Hellenistic-Roman debate about psychology, thinkers such as Plutarch and Galen saw themselves as maintaining Platonic (and Aristotelian) ideas about psychology that the Stoics rejected. This ... More


The city of Rome

Robert Sallares

in Malaria and Rome: A History of Malaria in Ancient Italy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248506
eISBN:
9780191714634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248506.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter reviews the history of the city of Rome in relation to malaria, starting with the sack of Rome by the Gauls c.386 BC. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a detailed study of the ... More


Technography

Malcolm Heath

in Menander: A Rhetor in Context

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259205
eISBN:
9780191717932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259205.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter considers the nature of the technical literature on rhetorical theory and its relationship to teaching. It begins by addressing problems about the composition and transmission of these ... More


To Move the Body to a Statement

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0037
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides information on a Greek physician Galen, who is the most famous physician of the Roman Empire. He brought the Greek intellectual heritage with him to Rome and made a name for ... More


Alternatives

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Accounts of personal identity that are grounded in experiential continuity are by no means new. This chapter compares the merits of C-theory with some of its competitors. According to one tradition, ... More


Humid Humours: Children’s Bodies and Diseases

Hannah Newton

in The Sick Child in Early Modern England, 1580-1720

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650491
eISBN:
9780191741647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650491.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines early modern perceptions of children’s bodies, minds, and diseases, from the viewpoints of doctors and laypeople. It argues that, contrary to common historiographical opinion, ... More


Precepts of Health Care

Lieve Van Hoof

in Plutarch's Practical Ethics: The Social Dynamics of Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583263
eISBN:
9780191723131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583263.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter discusses Precepts of Health Care, a text concerned with a topic that formed the object of a fierce debate between doctors, gymnastis teachers, and philosophers throughout antiquity, as ... More


Galen's Aristotelian Definitions

Jane Hood

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Galen's attempts to incorporate Aristotelian definitional theory within his own, Stoic, views of language and definition. He thus tries to combine an Aristotelian search ... More


Cultures of Plague: Medical thinking at the end of the Renaissance

Samuel K. Cohn, Jr.

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574025
eISBN:
9780191722530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574025.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Cultures of Plague discloses a new chapter in the history of medicine. Neither the plague nor the ideas it stimulated were static, fixed in a timeless Galenic vacuum over five centuries, ... More


Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Stanley Finger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This volume presents a series of vibrant profiles that trace the evolution of our knowledge about the brain. Beginning almost 5,000 years ago, with the ancient Egyptian study of “the marrow of the ... More


The Successo della Peste

Samuel K. Cohn

in Cultures of Plague: Medical thinking at the end of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574025
eISBN:
9780191722530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574025.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The chapter turns to northern Italy, where the majority of 1575–8 plague tracks were written and which broke physicians' near monopoly over these manuals, with bishops, parish priests, government ... More


Plague Disputes, Challenges of the ‘Universals’

Samuel K. Cohn

in Cultures of Plague: Medical thinking at the end of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574025
eISBN:
9780191722530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574025.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows another side of the intellectual vitality stimulated by the 1575–8 crisis. An unprecedented denial of ‘true plague’ suddenly swept medical circles. Best known are the arguments ... More


Plague and Poverty

Samuel K. Cohn

in Cultures of Plague: Medical thinking at the end of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574025
eISBN:
9780191722530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574025.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter argues that plague writers across Italy in 1575–8 paid new attention to the social causes of plague. In seeing the plague as one principally afflicting the poor, they went beyond ... More


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