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Conclusions

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This concluding chapter evaluates the Gaia hypothesis. Based on the evidence studied in this book, the chapter argues that the Gaia hypothesis is not a reasonable picture of how Earth and life ... More


Gaia, the Grand Idea

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This introductory chapter discusses the Gaia hypothesis as well as two other competing hypotheses. Gaia, the idea that life moderates the global environment to make it more favorable for life, was ... More


James Lovelock’s Gaia Hypothesis: Archetypical Visionary

Sébastien Dutreuil

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After a career as a chemist and engineer, James Lovelock proposed the Gaia hypothesis in the 1970s with Lynn Margulis, a biologist. The hypothesis highlights the important influence that living ... More


Models and Geophysiological Hypotheses

Arthur C. Petersen

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter reformulates the homeostatic Gaia hypothesis as belonging to a class of “geophysiological hypotheses” that postulate global homeostasis of environmental quantities by the biota, since ... More


On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Toby Tyrrell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

One of the enduring questions about our planet is how it has remained continuously habitable over vast stretches of geological time despite the fact that its atmosphere and climate are potentially ... More


Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Stephen H. Schneider, James R. Miller, Eileen Crist, and Penelope J. Boston (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This is a multidisciplinary reexamination of the Gaia hypothesis, which was introduced by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the early 1970s. The Gaia hypothesis holds that Earth’s physical and ... More


A Stable or an Unstable World?

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines the claim of Earth's stability by looking at data pertaining to past variability of the Earth environment. The Gaia hypothesis proposes that life has had a hand on the tiller of ... More


Gaia: The Living Earth—2,500 Years of Precedents in atural Science and Philosophy

Bruce Scofield

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter demonstrates how the Gaia hypothesis orients us toward an understanding of the Earth as a living, dynamic, and self-sustaining system. The various concepts organized under the name Gaia ... More


Where Their Spirit Lives On

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The spirit of Aldo Leopold and Edward F. Ricketts persists, and there is some welcome evidence that it may be growing. Professionally, the spirit of Leopold and Ricketts is found in the facts of ... More


Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

J. Baird Callicott

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is located in an evolutionary-ecological worldview: Homo sapiens is “kin” to all other “fellow voyagers in the odyssey of evolution” and is a “plain member and citizen” of a ... More


Mediations of Gaia: Ecology and Epistemology from Gregory Boteson and Felix Guattari to Avatar

Bruce Clarke

in Neocybernetics and Narrative

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691005
eISBN:
9781452949406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691005.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter analyzes the theory of metabiotic autopoietic systems back to biotic autopoiesis and its subsequent developments, and towards the Gaia hypothesis. The theories of cognition from the ... More


Spirituality and Sustainability

Tee L. Guidotti

in Health and Sustainability: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199325337
eISBN:
9780190238803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325337.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Religious beliefs about creation shape attitudes and behavior about sustainability, the natural world, and the sanctity of the body. Moral judgment strongly shapes attitudes and behavior on issues ... More


Ecology and Environmental Awareness in 1960s–1970s Terraforming Stories

Chris Pak

in Terraforming: Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382844
eISBN:
9781786945426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Terraforming and its destructive ecological impact began to receive greater attention in the light of environmentalism in the 1960s-1970s. This chapter draws attention to the links between the ... More


Delivery of Soil Ecosystem Services: From Gaia to Genes

Katarina Hedlund and Jim Harris

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In order to provide an effective understanding of the impacts of different threats to soils and how to promote sustainable soil use, we need to understand the relationships between diversity of soil ... More


The Earth Ethic: A Critical Account of Its Philosophical Foundations

J. Baird Callicott

in Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Aldo Leopold studied the Bible not for devotional but for rhetorical purposes. At the beginning of “Some Fundamentals of Conservation in the Southwest” (written in 1923) Leopold quotes Ezekiel’s ... More


Terraforming: Engineering Imaginary Environments

Chris Pak

in Terraforming: Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382844
eISBN:
9781786945426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Beginning with the coining of “terraforming” by science fiction writer Jack Williamson, this chapter explores the boundaries of the term in scientific discourse and in fiction, focusing attention on ... More


Edging Towards an Eco-cosmopolitan Vision

Chris Pak

in Terraforming: Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382844
eISBN:
9781786945426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers works influenced by the convergence of terraforming and the Gaia Hypothesis in the 1970s. It is during the period of the 1980s-1990s that narratives dealing with terraforming ... More


Conclusion

Chris Pak

in Terraforming: Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382844
eISBN:
9781786945426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Paying special attention to the role of landscaping, Bakhtinian dialogism, the science fictional megatext, pastoral and utopian discourse, ecology and environmentalism, the conclusion to Terraforming ... More


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