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Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


Other PET Ligands Used in Epilepsy

William H. Theodore

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

PET can be used to image neurotransmitter receptor ligands. Increased mu and delta, and probably decreased kappa opiate receptors have been demonstrated in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). ... More


Toxic Gas in the Cockpit: Pro Form and National Insurance Company v. The Garrett Corporation

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The fatal crash of a private plane led to a lawsuit brought by the insurer against the manufacturer of the aircraft's engine. Investigators found no evidence of engine malfunction, so the insurer ... More


Biology of Aggression

Randy J. Nelson (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The primary goal of this book is to summarize and synthesize recent advances in the biological study of aggression. Other than maternal aggression, most aggressive encounters among human and ... More


Motoneurones: synaptic control

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cell body and dendrites of a motoneurone are covered with thousands of synaptic boutons, and the ultrastructure of the boutons is generally thought to be related to their functional ... More


Diversity of Cortical Functions Is Provided by Inhibition

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In addition to principal cells, the cerebral cortex contains diverse classes of interneurons that selectively and discriminately innervate various parts of principal cells and each other. The ... More


Modulation of axonal excitability by neurotransmitter receptors

JEFFERY D. KOCSIS and KAORU SAKATANI

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes axonal regions in the mammalian nervous system that have well-defined neurotransmitter receptors and discusses their possible functional significance. It focuses on the axonal ... More


Molecular Mechanisms of Synaptic Function in the Hippocampus: Neurotransmitter Exocytosis and Glutamatergic, GABAergic, and Cholinergic Transmission

Osten Pavel, Wisden William, and Sprengel Rolf

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the molecular biology of hippocampal cells with particular emphasis on synaptic function. It starts by describing the basis of all signal transmission processes, the release of ... More


Leslie L. Iversen

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Leslie L. Iversen. Iversen has been at the forefront of research on neurotransmitters and neuropeptides and understanding the mode of action of CNS drugs. He ... More


The Nucleus of the Solitary Tract: Processing Information from Viscerosensory Afferents

Michael C. Andresen and Julian F. R. Paton

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is the first location within the central nervous system for the integration and modulation of cardiovascular afferent as well as other viscerosensory input. ... More


Sympathetic Preganglionic Neurons

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the lateral horn of the spinal cord are the source of sympathetic outflow to the periphery and the final site for integration of information that arises from ... More


Regulation of Autonomic Function by Visceral and Somatic Afferents

John C. Longhurst

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses reflex autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system by input from finely myelinated and unmyelinated sensory nerve fibers. The focus is on abdominal and cardiac visceral ... More


Krešimir Krnjevic´

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Krešimir Krnjević contributed to the identification of main neurotransmitters in the mammalian brain, notably the previously unsuspected transmitter functions of some amino acids – especially ... More


Subcellular distribution of neurotransmitter receptors and voltage-gated ion channels

Zoltan Nusser

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the subcellular distribution of glutamate and GABA receptors and voltage-activated channels on the neuronal surface, as detected with a variety of light and ... More


Neurotransmitter Signaling Before the Birth of Neurons

Jo J. Loturco and Arnold R. Kriegstein

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Recent advances in cellular physiological techniques, particularly the development of in situ whole-cell patch-clamp recording, have permitted detailed physiological and pharmacological studies of ... More


Neuropharmacology of appetite and taste preferences

Steven J. Cooper and Suzanne Higgs

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter compares the effect of some selected drugs on food intake, their effects on taste preferences, and their effects on taste reactivity measures. It aims to determine the extent to which it ... More


Identifying Neurotransmitters (1946–1976)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes further experiments in identifying neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. After decades of concentration on acetylcholine and adrenaline/noradrenaline, new studies ... More


GABAA and GABAC receptors: regulation of assembly, localization, clustering and turnover

Bernhard Lüscher

in Receptor and Ion-Channel Trafficking: Cell Biology of Ligand-Gated and Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632241
eISBN:
9780191724763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632241.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) confers neural inhibition in the central nervous system primarily by acting at GABA-gated chloride channels named GABAA and GABAc receptors. ... More


Modulation of Emotional and Nonemotional Memories:: Same Pharmacological Systems, Different Neuroanatomical Systems

Paul E. Gold

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter integrates and organizes pharmacological studies of memory by searching for generalizations or “rules” about the roles of hormonal and neurotransmitter systems in the regulation of ... More


Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

After having discussed the direct relationship of the resting state activity to consciousness, the book now turns to stimulus-induced activity. More specifically, he aims to investigate how the ... More


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