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What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Fiona Cowie

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book reconsiders the influential nativist position toward the mind. Nativists assert that some concepts, beliefs, or capacities are innate or inborn: “native” to the mind rather than acquired. ... More


Some Actual Positions on Psychological Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter places some historically interesting actual positions among the possible positions on psychological reality, on linguistic competence. There is strong evidence that Chomsky is committed ... More


A Case for the Psychological Reality of Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the popular “Representational Theory of the Mind” (RTM), according to which a thought involves a mental representation. It then follows Fodor in arguing for the controversial ... More


The Case for Massively Modular Models of Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter lays out the main arguments supporting massive modularity and explicates the notion of ‘module’ that those arguments support (which is significantly weaker than on Fodor’s influential ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Science

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a modularist account of the human capacity for abduction (or ‘inference to the best explanation’), which Fodor has argued must provide a decisive stumbling block to progress in ... More


The Modularity Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Modularists claim that folk psychology is mediated by an innate modularized database, the structures of which support inferences concerning representational relations like belief, desire, and ... More


Levels of Reality

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 Levels of RealityMany philosophers, especially self‐described ‘non‐reductive materialists’, embrace the idea that reality is hierarchical: the world comprises levels of being. Examples of ... More


Meaning and its Place in the Language Faculty

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the phenomenon of meaning from the perspective of Chomsky’s ‘I-linguistics’ and his empirical postulation of the ‘language faculty’. After a sketch of that model, the question ... More


Deflating Compositionality

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The meaning of any sentence derives from the meanings of its words and from how those words are syntactically combined with one another. But what explains this ‘principle of compositionality’, and ... More


Simple Heuristics Meet Massive Modularit y

Peter Carruthers

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter investigates the extent to which claims of massive modular organization of the mind (espoused by some members of the evolutionary psychology research program) are consistent with the ... More


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