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God, Mammon and Flag

Paul French

in Through the Looking Glass: China's Foreign Journalists from Opium Wars to Mao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099821
eISBN:
9789882207622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099821.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The birth of foreign newspapers and a foreign press corps in China really begins in the small enclave of Canton, the city now known as Guangzhou, in what were called the Factories, the somewhat ... More


Opium Transforms the Canton System

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 3 explains the growth of the opium trade and the business operations that flourished along with it. International credit was one of operations that prospered, and this in turn benefitted ... More


Social Fabric of a Collaborative Colonialism

Law Wing Sang

in Collaborative Colonial Power: The Making of the Hong Kong Chinese

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099296
eISBN:
9789882206755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the emergent formation of collaborative colonialism in the early colonial era: from the First Opium War (1840–1842) to the 1911 Republican Revolution. It notes that long ... More


The Creation of an Official Policy: The Unofficial Origins of a China Policy

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 7 relates the events that led up to the Cushing mission. The issue of opium trading was a matter of contention between the traders, the missionaries and the Americans at home. The stance ... More


Old Canton and Its Trade

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The first chapter gives an overview of the lives American merchants led when they were in Macao and Canton. It describes the regulations that govern them when they arrive and depart and the lives of ... More


American Business under the Old System

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 2 describes how American merchants conduct their business under the Old system. The most profitable trade were tea and silk. Foreign merchants were regulated by the Canton System and their ... More


The Dominant Firms

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 4 explains the rise of the firms of influence in China. One of the most remarkable figures was Cushing who made his firm Perkins & Co prosper. A major reason for his successes was with his ... More


The China Trader

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 6 explains the life of the China trader, how they were admitted into the firms, their road to promotion as partner to how they spend their time after they left China. The traders often come ... More


The Ship’s Name

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The name of the junk might have brought out the differences in perception of the Chinese and the British, and laid the first seeds of dissension. Before becoming the Keying, the Junk could have had ... More


The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Jacques M. Downs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Before the opening of the treaty ports in the 1840s, Canton was the only Chinese port where foreign merchants were allowed to trade.The Golden Ghetto takes us into the world of one of this city's ... More


Origins, Purchase and Commissioning

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Keying was undertaken by a group of Hong Kong investors. Their aim was to sail the junk from Hong Kong to London, where it would be put on public display, along with the collection of Chinese ... More


The Other Houses

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 5 is on the smaller firms that operated in Canton. The firms mentioned include: Russell Sturgis & Co., Augustine Heard & Co., Olyphant & Co. and Wetmore & Co. The former were absorbed by ... More


The Mission to China

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

Cushing set off in the summer of 1843 and arrived at Macao in February 1844. He spent three months there and listened to the American merchants’ suggestions regarding the commercial interest of the ... More


Retrospection

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

Cushing tested the treaty, especially on the issue of extraterritoriality via the Hsu A-man case and found out how the treaty protected the Americans. The treaty was well received by both the ... More


Voyage Over

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the reasons that the Keying remained ignored. The Keying sailed to the west in a time when famous voyages were conducted and when museums were being built to house achievements ... More


Journey’s End: The London Stay

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Keying was put on display initially at Blackwall. Later, in 1850, it moved up to the Strand, perhaps in order to have better access to its intended audience. The move up the Thames itself was ... More


East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Stephen Davies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In December 1846, the Keying, a Chinese junk purchased by British investors, set sail from Hong Kong for London. Named after the Chinese Imperial Commissioner who had signed away Hong Kong to the ... More


The Troubled Stay in New York

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

Twenty six of the Chinese crew arrested the Keying about a month after the junk arrived in New York. They claimed that they had been only engaged for eight months, but had stayed on for nearly a ... More


The Endgame

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter details the events that happened during the last few years of the Keying’s lifetime. Between 1852 and 1855, the Keying was put on the auction block in rapid succession. Throughout these ... More


The Keying’s Dimensions and Shape

Stephen Davies

in East Sails West: The Voyage of the Keying, 1846-1855

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888208203
eISBN:
9789888268221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208203.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

It would seem as though the Keying was a junk built broadly on the lines of a vessel familiar in the nanyang and coastal trades of late eighteenth and early nineteenth-century China. The exact design ... More


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