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The Public Law of Government Contracts

A.C.L. Davies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199287390
eISBN:
9780191713484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287390.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Contract plays a vitally important role in the delivery of public services today. Both central and local government make extensive use of private firms to provide facilities, goods, and services. ... More


Capital and the Common Good: How Innovative Finance is Tackling the World's Most Urgent Problems

Georgia Levenson Keohane

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178020
eISBN:
9780231541664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178020.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

Despite social and economic advances around the world, poverty and disease persist, exacerbated by the mounting challenges of climate change, natural disasters, political conflict, mass migration, ... More


The Whitehall Spending Departments

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter classifies the departments in Whitehall involved in expenditure policies as there are a number of organisations classified as ‘units’ for the purpose of the public expenditure and Supply ... More


New Sources of Development Finance

A. B. Atkinson (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As their Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have pledged by 2015 to halve the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger, to achieve universal primary education, to reduce child ... More


Building Constituencies for the Bretton Woods Framework: Banks, Big Business, and the Cold War Coalition

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the building stage of the relationships among Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank, along with their domestic constituencies in American politics. The exogenous change that ... More


Globalization without Integration: International Considerations

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in The Politics of Equity Finance in Emerging Markets

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174090
eISBN:
9780199835287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174097.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter explores both the role of international organizations in promoting equity market finance and the circumstances of the international market for equities, which make a local market ... More


The International Finance Facility Proposal

George Mavrotas

in New Sources of Development Finance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Proposals for new institutional arrangements for Official Development Assistance (ODA) that exploit techniques for securitisation in the capital market can function as an innovative source for ... More


The Tools of International Financial Institutions: Conditions in Loan Agreements and Complaints Mechanisms

Elisa Morgera

in Corporate Accountability in International Environmental Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558018
eISBN:
9780191705311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558018.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter analyses the environmental performance standards utilized by international financial institutions working with the private sector, with a view to suggest further means to strengthen ... More


Frontier Investor: How to Prosper in the Next Emerging Markets

Marko Dimitrijević

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231170444
eISBN:
9780231542357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170444.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Where are the next decade's greatest investment opportunities? Veteran investor Marko Dimitrijevic argues that they can be found in frontier markets, which account for seventy-one of the world's ... More


Standard-setting by International Financial Institutions

Elisa Morgera

in Corporate Accountability in International Environmental Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558018
eISBN:
9780191705311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558018.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter offers an assessment of the international environmental standards utilized by international financial institutions to review private companies' projects eligibility for funding and to ... More


The Whitehall Expenditure Policy Network

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Treasury and the spending departments have a dynamic relationship and this is explored in this chapter as it looks into the concepts of policy community and policy network that can be used to ... More


Budget Institutions and Structures

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The formal institutions and structures of Japan's budgetary system are complex; the processes of making budgets through them labyrinthine and opaque. The proliferation of the number and different ... More


The ‘Second Budget’: The Fiscal Investment Loan Programme

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP), also known as the second budget, was a policy-based public finance system through which traditionally the national government transmitted the ... More


Budget Objectives and Policies

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Ministry of Finance reacted to the emergence of the fiscal crisis in 1975 by prescribing three related policy aims: to devise and implement a strategy to change the structure of Japan's tax ... More


Economic Forecasts and Fiscal Projections

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, the general context of budget-making, up to the Cabinet's approval of the Ministry of Finance's draft budgets for both the General Account Budget and the Fiscal Investment Loan Programme in ... More


Budget Strategy, Guidelines, and Ceilings

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, the processes of budget-making were divided temporally by the submission of the formal budget requests by the Spending Ministries and Agencies on 31 August. Prior to that, the Ministry of ... More


The Budget Processes in the Spending Ministries

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, ministries and agencies submitted budget requests for shares of the General Account Budget to the Ministry of Finance (MOF) on 31 August each year. Their processes of internal compilation ... More


The Budget Bureau's Hearings, Examination, and Negotiations

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

After Cabinet approved the budget strategy, and ministries and agencies were informed of their ceilings in June or July, the initiative within the Budget Bureau passed to the budget examiners and ... More


Rules-of-the-Game: Managing Relations with the Spending Ministries

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the rules-of-the-game that governed the Japanese Ministry of Finance's (MOF) relationships with the Spending Ministries and Agencies, and what norms of behaviour guided Budget ... More


The Role and Influence of the LDP in the Budgetary Processes

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The management and manipulation of budget outputs in Japan helped the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to maintain itself in power for thirty-eight years until 1993 and, less certainly, after its ... More


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