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The Explanatory Gap and Dualism Reconsidered

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the implications of post‐reductionist philosophy of science for dualism and the status of the explanatory gaps. The primary argument for dualism is based on a Negative ... More


Rationalizing the Commandments II: Rationalizing the Commandments II: The Soloveitchikian Method

Daniel Rynhold

in Two Models of Jewish Philosophy: Justifying One's Practices

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199274864
eISBN:
9780191602450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927486X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The apparently contrasting method of rationalization of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik is subjected to a detailed critical analysis. Following a summary of Soloveitchik’s general method of descriptive ... More


Induction

Christopher Peacocke

in The Realm of Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that the same principles of complexity reduction that he used to explain principles of perceptual entitlement in the preceding chapter can be used to explain the principles of inductive ... More


Unmasking Explanation and the ‘Unreality’ Of Colour

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues against the idea that reality is purely physical and can be totally captured by scientific explanation, thus excluding colour from reality. Counters exclusive physicalism by arguing that ... More


Coda: Onward, Upward, Inward, Outward

Bernhard Nickel

in Between Logic and the World: An Integrated Theory of Generics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199640003
eISBN:
9780191822049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640003.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A brief summary of the book and an indication for directions opened up by the theory presented.


Terrorism, Torture and the Problems of Evil

Phillip Cole

in The Myth of Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622009
eISBN:
9780748671908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622009.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the four secular models of evil that frame discussions about the idea: the monstrous, that evil is perpetrated by monster sin human shape; the pure, that ordinary human beings ... More


Perceiving Reasons

Jennifer Church

in Possibilities of Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678440
eISBN:
9780191757945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678440.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter shows how it is possible to perceive various sorts of explanatory or reason-giving relations—causal relations, constituent relations, and justificatory relations. In each case, it is the ... More


Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

James Tabery

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

If everyone now agrees that human traits arise not from nature or nurture but from the interaction of nature and nurture, then why does the “nature versus nurture” debate persist? In Beyond Versus, ... More


A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology

Adolf Grünbaum

in Collected Works, Volume I: Scientific Rationality, the Human Condition, and 20th Century Cosmologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989928
eISBN:
9780199346356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989928.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter challenges the perennial theological doctrine that there must be, as a ratio essendi, a divine creative cause (as distinct from a transformative one) for the very existence of the physical ... More


The Origin(s) of Interaction: Interaction in the Eugenics Controversy

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The origin of research on the interaction of nature and nurture is really a story of origins. For, in the 1920s and 1930s, two British biologists separately considered how nature and nurture might ... More


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