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Music and the Making of Modern Science

Peter Pesic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Music played a significant role in the making of modern science. In ancient Greek natural philosophy, music formed the earthly meeting place between numbers and perception. For the next two ... More


Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This book considers the question of how the direct involvement of social scientists in the practices they study can lead to the production of interesting sociological knowledge. It draws together two ... More


The Port Royal Experiment: A Case Study in Development

Kevin Dougherty

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781628461534
eISBN:
9781626740822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461534.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

The victory at Port Royal, South Carolina in November 1861 left the Federal government with the responsibility for some ten thousand now-masterless slaves. Lacking a sufficient policy or plan for ... More


Approaches to Medical and Public Health Ethics

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter critically reviews the existing frameworks in health ethics, policy and law and frames the author's ideas as a solution to a perplexing problem: the inability of current frameworks to ... More


Conclusion

D M. Leeson

in The Black and Tans: British Police and Auxiliaries in the Irish War of Independence, 1920-1921

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199598991
eISBN:
9780191730597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199598991.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter begins by providing a brief summary of the book’s answers to the questions posed in its introduction, and then goes on to show how the Irish case was far from unique. Social ... More


Framing Maps of Research Findings

Alcino J. Silva, Anthony Landreth, and John Bickle

in Engineering the Next Revolution in Neuroscience: The New Science of Experiment Planning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199731756
eISBN:
9780199367658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731756.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Techniques

This chapter describes both a taxonomy of experiments and a set of principles that any scientist can use to build graphical abstractions of research findings (research maps). Although the chapter ... More


A Framework for Molecular and Cellular Cognition

Alcino J. Silva, Anthony Landreth, and John Bickle

in Engineering the Next Revolution in Neuroscience: The New Science of Experiment Planning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199731756
eISBN:
9780199367658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731756.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Techniques

The majority of the case studies in this book come from learning and memory studies in the field of molecular and cellular cognition, and this chapter includes a primer to this neuroscience field. ... More


The Power of Convergence

Alcino J. Silva, Anthony Landreth, and John Bickle

in Engineering the Next Revolution in Neuroscience: The New Science of Experiment Planning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199731756
eISBN:
9780199367658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731756.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Techniques

In molecular and cellular cognition, there are three types of experiments that can be carried out to test whether A causes B (A→B): The magnitude of A can either be (1) increased or (2) decreased, ... More


Ruling out the Probable to Argue for the Possible

Alcino J. Silva, Anthony Landreth, and John Bickle

in Engineering the Next Revolution in Neuroscience: The New Science of Experiment Planning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199731756
eISBN:
9780199367658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731756.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Techniques

Integration Analyses are the routines used implicitly or explicitly by neuroscientists in the evaluation of experiments. Integration efforts are most visible in the introductions and conclusions of ... More


Resonating Experiments

Alcino J. Silva, Anthony Landreth, and John Bickle

in Engineering the Next Revolution in Neuroscience: The New Science of Experiment Planning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199731756
eISBN:
9780199367658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731756.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Techniques

Replication of findings is critical and central to science. When similar or even identical experiments are carried out, the results are expected to be compatible and consistent. When they are not, ... More


Moral Hazard in Health Insurance: Developments Since Arrow (1963)

Amy Finkelstein

in Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter examines economics professor Amy Finkelstein's lecture of the economics of moral hazard in health insurance, with respect to economist Kenneth J. Arrow's “Uncertainty and the Welfare ... More


Introduction: Exploring Intervention in the Social Sciences

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

in Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the relationship between sociologists and their fields. This relation is strongly shaped by a dual fear that runs through the history of sociology: that of either losing ... More


The Diem Experiment

Kathryn C. Statler

in Replacing France: The Origins of American Intervention in Vietnam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124407
eISBN:
9780813134772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124407.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the Diem Experiment. It began on July 7, 1954, when Ngo Dinh Diem, the Prime Minister of South Vietnam, took control of the South Vietnamese government. During the initial ... More


The Development of Civil Society

Kevin Dougherty

in The Port Royal Experiment: A Case Study in Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781628461534
eISBN:
9781626740822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461534.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Modern-day nation-builders describe civil society as occupying “the political space between the individual and the government.” It includes a variety of organizations and activities, all of which ... More


Joyce and the British Avant-Garde

Eleni Loukopoulou

in Up to Maughty London: Joyce's Cultural Capital in the Imperial Metropolis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813062242
eISBN:
9780813051932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062242.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

“James Joyce and the British Avant-Garde” focuses on Joyce’s interaction with Cambridge’s intellectual milieu, where new experiments in literature were forcefully debated in the magazine Experiment ... More


Introduction

Leigh Wilson

in Modernism and Magic: Experiments with Spiritualism, Theosophy and the Occult

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780748627691
eISBN:
9780748684441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627691.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The chapter places the argument of the book in relation to the most important work on the relation between modernism and the occult over the last 20 years. In challenging the conclusions of much of ... More


‘But the Facts of Life Persist’: Magic, Experiment and the Problem of Representing the World Otherwise

Leigh Wilson

in Modernism and Magic: Experiments with Spiritualism, Theosophy and the Occult

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780748627691
eISBN:
9780748684441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627691.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The chapter begins with a more detailed consideration of the idea of experiment at the beginning of the twentieth century and considers in particular its relation to contemporary ideas of magic. In ... More


‘Wheels have been set in motion’: Geocentrism and Relativity in Tom Stoppard’s <i>Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead</i>

Liliane Campos

in Spectacular Science, Technology and Superstition in the Age of Shakespeare

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474427814
eISBN:
9781474438735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474427814.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

By decentring our reading of Hamlet, Stoppard’s tragicomedy questions the legitimacy of centres and of stable frames of reference. So Liliane Campos examines how Stoppard plays with the physical and ... More


After the Hop Rush

Peter A. Kopp

in Hoptopia: A World of Agriculture and Beer in Oregon's Willamette Valley

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520277472
eISBN:
9780520965058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277472.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The botanical disease downy mildew destroyed Willamette Valley hop acreage, leaving only dozens of farming families tending the crop by the midcentury compared to the hundreds earlier. Their worries ... More


What We Know and Don’t Know about the Effects of Cost Sharing on the Demand for Medical Care—and So What?

Joseph P. Newhouse and Anna D. Sinaiko

in Incentives and Choice in Health Care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195775
eISBN:
9780262283816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195775.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter focuses on the effects of cost sharing on the demand for medical care based on the results of the Rand Health Insurance Experiment (HIE) conducted in the 1970s and 1980s to investigate ... More


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