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The Education of the Normal Eye: Visual Learning circa 1900

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the visual representations. The Exners understood visual representations as symbols that “call forth visual memories in the viewer of that which they signify.” Sigmund Exner ... More


The Pigtail of the Nineteenth Century: Determinism in the 1880s

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reports the age of scientific determinism. The most widely cited response to the education ministry came from the eminent Graz psychologist Alexius Meinong. Meinong had been a student of ... More


Afterlife: Inheritance at the Fin de Siècle

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter probes the question of what it meant to “inherit” knowledge at the close of the nineteenth century. Adolf Exner had recognized that he was in poor health months before his death. Even as ... More


Memory Images: Models of Reason in the Liberal Age

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the model of the reasoning mind. Hunting was a favorite pastime among the Exner men. It was also a favorite diversion of Crown Prince Rudolph, Adolf Exner's former pupil. As an ... More


Citizens of the Most Probable State: The Politics of Learning, 1908

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the politics of learning in 1908. By 1907, three political groups had launched separate assaults on the education system that had flourished under liberal control since the ... More


Into the Open: Measuring Uncertainty, 1900–1918

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the way the history of a probabilistic turn in Austrian physics. Fluctuations were merely imperfections of the laboratory's insulation. The training of Vienna physicists in the ... More


Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Deborah R. Coen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book traces the vital and varied roles of science through the story of three generations of the eminent Exner family, whose members included Nobel Prize-winning biologist Karl Frisch, the ... More


The Mind Set Free: Preparing a Liberal Society in the 1840s

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how young Franz Exner came to seek a model of a post-dogmatic mind. Franz Exner was a Gymnasium student during the calm and optimistic years after the defeat of Napoleon. He ... More


In the Stream of the World: Coming of Age in the 1860s

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the reform of the education system. Count Thun and his collaborators revised the Gymnasium curriculum to focus more on natural science and mathematics. They also transformed ... More


The Irreplaceable Eye: Visual Statistics, 1914–1926

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the color culture in Vienna during 1914–1926. “Memory images” were to be Brunnwinkl's source of continuity and cohesion, as Adolf Exner had foreseen at the colony's ... More


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