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The Activism of Indirectly and Directly Elected Presidents

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter continues to evaluate the effect of selection methods on presidential activism with a thorough investigation of countries employing indirect (Estonia, Hungary, Germany) or direct ... More


Estonia: Positive and Negative Institutional Engineering

Vello Pettai

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Outlines Estonia's path to a new constitution along with an assessment of the new institutions in place since 1992. Because of constant political conflict, Pettai argues that the constitution‐making ... More


Estonia and Latvia: International Influences on Citizenship and Minority Integration

Vello Pettai

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Argues that the Baltic states, mainly Estonia and Latvia, represent examples of the complicated sequence of endogenously derived transition and exogenously influenced consolidation. These democratic ... More


Nationalism in Transition: Nationalizing Impulses and International Counterweights in Latvia and Estonia

Julie Bernier

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nationalizing impulses in countries with substantial ethnic minorities often provoke counter‐mobilization by those minorities. This chapter looks at the effectiveness of international organizations ... More


Definitions and Discourse: Applying Kymlicka's Models to Estonia and Latvia

Vello Pettai

in Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported?: Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199248155
eISBN:
9780191602955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924815X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This paper raises a number of points in relation to the basic concept of ‘ethnocultural justice’ and Kymlicka’s five models of ethnopolitical conflict. It argues that while ‘ethnopolitical justice’ ... More


The Origins of Varieties of Capitalism: Lessons from Post-Socialist Transition in Estonia and Slovenia

Magnus Feldmann

in Beyond Varieties of Capitalism: Conflict, Contradictions, and Complementarities in the European Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199206483
eISBN:
9780191709715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206483.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter studies the origins of varieties of capitalism in post-socialist Central and Eastern Europe. It develops a theory of network-promotion and network-disruption to explain the emergence of ... More


Trust in Building Multicultural Democratic Societies: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan

Wanda Dressler

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

After the implosion of the Soviet Union, democratization processes in all the post-Soviet republics took their specific paths. This chapter highlights the particular characteristics of these ... More


Specificity of Skills and Reallocation

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses implications, from a European perspective, of the theory concerning the specificity of skill acquisition. It also discusses how institutions such as those giving employment ... More


The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Alexander V. Prusin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The book traces the turbulent history of the borderlands that before World War constituted the frontier‐zones between the Austro‐Hungarian, German, and Russian empires and in the course of the ... More


Introduction

Susan W. Brenner

in Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385014
eISBN:
9780199855414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385014.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter begins with a description of a two-week series of sustained digital attacks against various components of Estonia's infrastructure, which began on April 26, 2007. The ... More


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