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The Activism of Indirectly and Directly Elected Presidents

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter continues to evaluate the effect of selection methods on presidential activism with a thorough investigation of countries employing indirect (Estonia, Hungary, Germany) or direct ... More


Nationalism in Transition: Nationalizing Impulses and International Counterweights in Latvia and Estonia

Julie Bernier

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nationalizing impulses in countries with substantial ethnic minorities often provoke counter‐mobilization by those minorities. This chapter looks at the effectiveness of international organizations ... More


Estonia: Positive and Negative Institutional Engineering

Vello Pettai

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Outlines Estonia's path to a new constitution along with an assessment of the new institutions in place since 1992. Because of constant political conflict, Pettai argues that the constitution‐making ... More


Estonia and Latvia: International Influences on Citizenship and Minority Integration

Vello Pettai

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Argues that the Baltic states, mainly Estonia and Latvia, represent examples of the complicated sequence of endogenously derived transition and exogenously influenced consolidation. These democratic ... More


The Origins of Varieties of Capitalism: Lessons from Post-Socialist Transition in Estonia and Slovenia

Magnus Feldmann

in Beyond Varieties of Capitalism: Conflict, Contradictions, and Complementarities in the European Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199206483
eISBN:
9780191709715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206483.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter studies the origins of varieties of capitalism in post-socialist Central and Eastern Europe. It develops a theory of network-promotion and network-disruption to explain the emergence of ... More


Definitions and Discourse: Applying Kymlicka's Models to Estonia and Latvia

Vello Pettai

in Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported?: Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199248155
eISBN:
9780191602955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924815X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This paper raises a number of points in relation to the basic concept of ‘ethnocultural justice’ and Kymlicka’s five models of ethnopolitical conflict. It argues that while ‘ethnopolitical justice’ ... More


Trust in Building Multicultural Democratic Societies: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan

Wanda Dressler

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

After the implosion of the Soviet Union, democratization processes in all the post-Soviet republics took their specific paths. This chapter highlights the particular characteristics of these ... More


Specificity of Skills and Reallocation

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses implications, from a European perspective, of the theory concerning the specificity of skill acquisition. It also discusses how institutions such as those giving employment ... More


The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Alexander V. Prusin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The book traces the turbulent history of the borderlands that before World War constituted the frontier‐zones between the Austro‐Hungarian, German, and Russian empires and in the course of the ... More


Introduction

Susan W. Brenner

in Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385014
eISBN:
9780199855414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385014.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter begins with a description of a two-week series of sustained digital attacks against various components of Estonia's infrastructure, which began on April 26, 2007. The ... More


Estonia

Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

in Church, State, and Democracy in Expanding Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195337105
eISBN:
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337105.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A country with significant Lutheran, Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox communities, Estonia remains the most secular Baltic state, and one of the least religious new EU member states. The local Orthodox ... More


Turning Citizens into Soldiers: Baltic Paramilitary Movements after the Great War

Tomas Balkelis

in War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654918
eISBN:
9780191744273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654918.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

In this chapter, Tomas Balkelis compares different paramilitary movements in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and their pivotal importance in building these three newly independent nation-states.


Euro-Based Currency Boards: Introduction

Wolf Holger C., Ghosh Atish R., Berger Helge, and Gulde Anne-Marie

in Currency Boards in Retrospect and Prospect

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232654
eISBN:
9780262286411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232654.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter describes modern currency boards in Estonia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. These boards were introduced in the 1990s as part of macroeconomic stabilization efforts. ... More


Estonia as the Soviet “Abroad”

Anne E. Gorsuch

in All this is your World: Soviet Tourism at Home and Abroad after Stalin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609949
eISBN:
9780191731853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609949.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

If, after Stalin, Sovietism still meant a standardized material and mass culture, it now also deliberately, if cautiously, included some of the previously excluded including the westernized material ... More


Return of the Solange Ghost: the Supremacy of EU Law and the Democracy Paradox

Wojciech Sadurski

in Constitutionalism and the Enlargement of Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199696789
eISBN:
9780191741722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696789.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Philosophy of Law

Soon after the accession of Central and Eastern European states to the EU, the constitutional courts of some of these countries questioned the principle of supremacy of EU law over national ... More


Environmental Justice and Sustainability in Post-Soviet Estonia

Maaris Raudsepp, Mati Heidmets, and Jüri Kruusvall

in Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012669
eISBN:
9780262255493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012669.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines sustainability movement and environmental injustice in post-Soviet Estonia. It describes the political, economic and social changes in Estonia and the transformation of natural ... More


Epilogue: The Estonia Enigma

Michael Berkowitz

in The Crime of My Very Existence: Nazism and the Myth of Jewish Criminality

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251120
eISBN:
9780520940680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251120.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the end of a small Jewish community, that of Estonia. Because this tiny Baltic nation had little native tradition of anti-Semitism, the Nazis and their accomplices had to resort ... More


Appropriation and Resistance

James V. Wertsch

in Mind as Action

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195117530
eISBN:
9780199846917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195117530.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at a set of metaphors mainly in connection with written and spoken texts. This means that when considering the issue of whether one is operating in one's own or another's space, ... More


Trading Spaces: The World Tour

in Branding the Nation: The Global Business of National Identity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199752164
eISBN:
9780199363179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199752164.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Chapter Six examines the exercises carried out under the rubric of nation brandingin nine siteson four continents: Botswana, Chile, Estonia,Georgia, Germany, Jamaica,Libya, Sweden, and Uganda. The ... More


Competing Histories: Soviet War Crimes in the Baltic States

Liivoja Rain

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the attempts of three Baltic states — Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania — to prosecute offences against international law committed in their territories by the Soviet authorities ... More


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