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Ernst Haeckel as a Darwinian Reformer

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0061
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ernst Haeckel not only promoted, defended, and elaborated upon Charles Darwin’s theory, but also unified biology within a historical framework and developed a practical program of research into ... More


Darwin's Champions

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on champions of Darwin's evolutionary theory, the most prominent being Thomas Henry Huxley in the UK and Ernst Haeckel in Germany. Topics discussed include man's place in nature, ... More


Kant, Materialism, and Theology

Mark D. Chapman

in Ernst Troeltsch and Liberal Theology: Religion and Cultural Synthesis in Wilhelmine Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246427
eISBN:
9780191697593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246427.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

This chapter examines how the disputes which dominated the theological arena in Germany were mirrored in the philosophical debates with which many theologians were occupied in the first decades of ... More


Introduction

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species in 1859 and sent complimentary copies to perhaps a dozen German scientists. One of those who received a copy was Heinrich Georg Bronn, ... More


Encounter with Darwinism

Frederick C. Beiser

in The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722205
eISBN:
9780191789052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722205.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 11 discusses the neo-Kantian reception of Darwinism, which rose to power in Germany simultaneously with the neo-Kantian movement. It focuses first upon three figures who were especially ... More


Conclusion

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0072
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book has examined the texts, the translation process, and especially the intellectual context in which Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was written and interpreted. The result is a very ... More


The Gilded Age of Evolutionary Trees

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how tree-like representations took on new meanings as an understanding of genetics and the importance of population-based studies emerged. Before Charles Darwin's On the Origin ... More


The Golden Age of Lamarckism, 1866–1926

Sander Gliboff

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the golden age of Lamarckism in the period from 1866 until 1926. It focuses on Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919) and his generation, the generation after them, and the rival ... More


H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Sander Gliboff

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The German translation of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species appeared in 1860, just months after the original, thanks to Heinrich Georg Bronn, a distinguished German paleontologist whose work ... More


Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel

Frank N. Egerton

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271746
eISBN:
9780520953635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271746.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Roots of Ecologytraces the history of ideas and observations about ecology from Plato and Aristotle down to Ernst Haeckel, who named and defined ecology in 1866. The earliest ecological idea was the ... More


The Science of Life at the Turn of the Nineteenth Century

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the continuities and discontinuities from pre- to post-Darwinian biology in Germany and situates Heinrich Georg Bronn and Ernst Haeckel in between. It first describes the ... More


A Broadening Recognition, 1863–1876

David A. West

in Darwin's Man in Brazil: The Evolving Science of Fritz Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062600
eISBN:
9780813051581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062600.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Chapter 4 documents Müller’s growing reputation among biological experts, focusing on Ernst Haeckel, Charles Darwin, and Alexander Agassiz. In Generelle Morphologie (1866), Haeckel utilized ... More


Introduction

Kirsten Shepherd-Barr

in Theatre and Evolution from Ibsen to Beckett

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164702
eISBN:
9780231538923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164702.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book examines theater's engagement with evolution from the nineteenth century to the mid-twentienth century. Focusing primarily on British and American drama, it shows how theater provides a ... More


“The True Purefoy Nose”: Medicine, Obstetrics, and the Aesthetics of Reproduction in “Oxen of the Sun”

Vike Martina Plock

in Joyce, Medicine, and Modernity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034232
eISBN:
9780813038803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034232.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

James Joyce's aesthetic interest in medicine becomes very apparent in the “Oxen of the Sun” episode. This chapter, which Joyce wrote between February and May 1920, cultivates associative readings of ... More


The Countenance of Nature Transformed, 1861–1869

David A. West

in Darwin's Man in Brazil: The Evolving Science of Fritz Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062600
eISBN:
9780813051581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062600.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

In reaction to Darwin’s On theOrigin of Species, which he read in October 1861, Müller reorganized his ongoing research on crustacea. One result was his Für Darwin, published in 1864, utilizing ... More


Introduction

David A. West

in Darwin's Man in Brazil: The Evolving Science of Fritz Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062600
eISBN:
9780813051581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062600.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The introduction orients the reader to Darwin’s Man in Brazil and announces some strong claims supported in subsequent chapters. Its key contention is that Fritz Müller (1822–1897 was Darwin’s ... More


Controversy

Ian Ker

in G. K. Chesterton: A Biography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199601288
eISBN:
9780191806582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199601288.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on the controversy between G. K. Chesterton and Robert Blatchford regarding Christianity. In March 1903 in the Clarion, Blatchford challenged Christians to respond to his attack ... More


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