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Eritrea

Bernhard Thibaut

in Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296454
eISBN:
9780191600036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296452.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This chapter on elections and electoral systems in Eritrea follows the same format as all the other country chapters in the book. The first section is introductory and contains a historical overview, ... More


The Eritrean Experience in Constitution Making: The Dialectic of Process and Substance

Bereket Habte Selassie

in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246465
eISBN:
9780191600135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246467.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Outlines the historical background, since the Italian colonization of 1890, to the ratification of Eritrea's constitution on 23 May 1997, which marked the end of 30 years of secessional war with ... More


From Conflict to Recovery?

Tony Addison

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on five conflict-affected countries in Africa: Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, and Mozambique. It discusses their history and political and economic transitions and ... More


Displaced Communities and the Reconstruction of Livelihoods in Eritrea

Gaim Kibreab

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter assesses the resettlement process in Eritrea. It examines the basic features of the process, contrasting those who received help with those who settled themselves without much ... More


Building New States: Lessons from Eritrea

GÖte Hansson

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the building of political institutions in Eritrea after formal independence was declared on 1993. It discusses two agendas which the new state faced: first, transforming the ... More


Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Richard J. Reid

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book offers a historical analysis of violent conflict in north-east Africa through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book deals with a broad corridor of conflict incorporating the ... More


International Mass Claims Processes: Legal and Practical Perspectives

Howard M. Holtzmann and Edda Kristjánsdóttir (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207442
eISBN:
9780191708695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207442.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

This book analyzes a significant procedural innovation in international law — the development of mass claims processes. Mass claims processes have become increasingly important phenomena in ... More


Prologue: The Past in the Present

Richard J. Reid

in Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This introductory chapter sets the scene in the present day, describing the historical interconnectedness of a range of contemporary conflict across and between Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia. The ... More


Demarcating Identity: The European Colonial Experience, c.1890–c.1950

Richard J. Reid

in Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explores the nature and significance of the period of European colonial rule in the region, encompassing the Italian administration of Eritrea and Somalia, and the British Military ... More


New States, Old Wars: Violence, Frontier, and Destiny in the Modern Era

Richard J. Reid

in Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter places emphasis on the legacy of violent liberation war in both Ethiopia and Eritrea since the early 1990s. The chapter is concerned with the institutionalization of violence in the ... More


Nomads and Nationalists in the Eritrean Sahel

Assefaw Tekeste Ghebrekidan

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an account of the plight of the people living in the Sahel, one of Eritrea's most inaccessible regions. It describes the devastation wrought by thirty years of war. It recounts ... More


Massawa: The Denouement

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

After its decisive victory in the battle of Af Abet in 1988, it would take almost two years before the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (ELPF) would launch another strategic offensive against the ... More


1998: Postscript

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0012
Subject:
History, Military History

Eritrea seceded from Ethiopia in 1991 and became a sovereign state in 1993. In 1997, relations between the new governments in Addis Ababa and Asmara began to deteriorate. One year later, the ... More


The Victorious Nationalists: Insurgent Eritrea

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

Historically, Ethiopia was comprised of a relatively restricted space that today encompasses most of Tigray and much of Eritrea. Trouble began in the fourteenth century A.D. when the king residing in ... More


The Victorious Ethnonationalists: Insurgent Tigray

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

Ethiopian ruler Mengistu Haile Mariam demonized his Eritrean opponents as foreign agents or mercenaries and accused Tigrayan dissidents of being unpatriotic. He argued that the historical ... More


The Vanquished Revolutionary Army: Defeat and Demise

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

Ethiopia's revolutionary army lost the war to the Eritrean insurgents not because they lacked men and weaponry. To understand better why the soldiers of Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam lost ... More


Nakfa: “Even the Mountains Fought”

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

After defeating Somalia, civil wars swept through Ethiopia in 1980. The government launched major offensives against the “eastern irredentists” and “northern secessionists” in 1980 and 1982, ... More


. Af Abet: Ethiopia's Dlenbienphu?

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

After years of engaging the Ethiopian military in a bitter war, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) secured a resounding victory on March 19, 1988, at Af Abet. On that day, the rebels ... More


Liberal Italy’s Expansionism and Citizenship Issues (1880s–1922): Colonial Subjects, Citizens of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica and Dodecanesini

Sabina Donati (ed.)

in A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804784511
eISBN:
9780804787338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides a comprehensive account of the citizenship policies that were introduced during the liberal decades by an expanding colonial Italy vis-à-vis the native populations in Eritrea, ... More


Conclusion: The British Empire’s First Victory

Andrew Stewart

in The First Victory: The Second World War and the East Africa Campaign

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300208559
eISBN:
9780300222203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300208559.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

This concluding chapter discusses how the campaign in East Africa was a great success both for the British and Commonwealth forces and the commanders who led them. A massive pincer movement through ... More


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