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From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

A. A. Long

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book presents eighteen essays on the philosophers and schools of the Hellenistic and Roman periods: Epicureans, Stoics, and Sceptics. The discussion ranges over four centuries of innovative and ... More


Sex, Love, and Marriage In Pagan Philosophy and the Use Of Catharsis

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In ancient philosophy, sex, being in love (erôs), marriage, and rearing children each got advocated in separation from the others. Moreover, a good form of erôs got distinguished from one or two bad ... More


Emotion As Cognitive and Its Therapy

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea of philosophy as psychotherapy goes back to 5th century BCE Presocratics. All ancient philosophers regard emotions as involving cognition in some way, though the point is hidden in Gorgias. ... More


Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy

Jon D. Mikalson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577835
eISBN:
9780191723063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577835.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

A study of how ancient Greek philosophers described, interpreted, criticized, and utilized major components and concepts of the religion of the people of their time. The philosophers studied are ... More


Kantian Unsocial Sociability: Good Out of Evil

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Commenting on the Fourth Proposition in Kant's ‘Idea for a Universal History’, this chapter discusses earlier ideas of sociability to bring out the originality of Kant's notion of ‘unsocial ... More


The Sceptics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The most extensive evidence on Sceptical argument about ethics comes from Sextus Empiricus, writing in the second century AD. Sextus describes his ... More


The Case for Infinite Divisibility

Thomas Holden

in The Architecture of Matter: Galileo to Kant

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199263264
eISBN:
9780191601743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263264.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Documents and examines the main arguments for the infinite divisibility of space found in the early modern literature (in figures such as Descartes, Hobbes, and Kant). Also surveys the criticisms of ... More


Life as Play, Life as a Play: Montaigne and the Epicureans

Phillip Mitsis

in Classical Constructions: Papers in Memory of Don Fowler, Classicist and Epicurean

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199218035
eISBN:
9780191711534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218035.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins with a passage from Montaigne’s Essays and the use that it makes of Lucretius, and concentrates on is its image of life as a play. It is interested in the way that the passage ... More


Ancient Greek concepts of causation in comparativist perspective

Geoffrey Lloyd

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the legal, philosophical, and scientific sources of Greek ideas of causation, and their evolution from the pre-Socratics to the Stoics and Epicureans. It also compares Greek ... More


Sophists, Epicureans, and Stoics

A. G. Long

in The Hellenistic Reception of Classical Athenian Democracy and Political Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198748472
eISBN:
9780191811098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198748472.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The sophists were some of the most important pioneers of Greek political philosophy. This paper discusses how Stoics and Epicureans engaged with sophistic thought and with previous critiques of ... More


Cicero on the Emotions: Tusculan Disputations 3 and 4

Marcus Tullius Cicero

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226305776
eISBN:
9780226305196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305196.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The third and fourth books of Cicero's Tusculan Disputations deal with the nature and management of human emotion: first grief, then the emotions in general. In lively and accessible style, Cicero ... More


Stoics, Epicureans, and the New Academy

in How Philosophers Saved Myths: Allegorical Interpretation and Classical Mythology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226075358
eISBN:
9780226075389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226075389.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter analyses the De natura deorum (DND), in which Cicero systematically covered what the three predominant philosophical currents of the time had to say on the various gods and on the ... More


The Place of Kant’s Theism in His Moral Philosophy

John Hare

in Kant on Practical Justification: Interpretive Essays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195395686
eISBN:
9780199979295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395686.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper is about Kant's view of the relation of belief in God to the moral life. It proceeds in three sections. The first examines the first sentence of Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of ... More


Lunar Revolutions: The Triumph of the New Astronomy

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Scientific discovery requires not only that one correctly explain phenomena, but that one persuade one’s peers. Anaxagoras’ theory was accepted by Empedocles, Diogenes of Apollonia, and even ... More


Hope, Joy, and Affection in the Classical World

Ruth R. Caston and Robert A. Kaster (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190278298
eISBN:
9780190603786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278298.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Scholarship on the emotions in classical antiquity has focused almost entirely on negative emotions, but that is not because the Greeks and Romans had little to say about positive emotions. The ... More


Why There Are Ends of Both Goods and Evils in Ancient Ethical Theory

James Allen

in Strategies of Argument: Essays in Ancient Ethics, Epistemology, and Logic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199890477
eISBN:
9780199345472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890477.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter adds a new twist to the ancient Greek question about what the ultimate human end is: it asks why Cicero presents ancient ethical theories (e.g., those of Aristotle, the Stoics, and the ... More


Plotinus’ Way of Defining ‘Eudaimonia’ in Ennead I 4 [46] 1–3

Alexandrine Schniewind

in The Quest for the Good Life: Ancient Philosophers on Happiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746980
eISBN:
9780191809163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746980.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses Plotinus’ attempt, at the beginning of his treatise On Happiness (Ennead I 4 [46]), to define what is a genuinely good life as opposed to approaches by some of his predecessors ... More


On Happiness and Time

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

in The Quest for the Good Life: Ancient Philosophers on Happiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746980
eISBN:
9780191809163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746980.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter considers the different views of Herodotus (Solon) and Aristotle, on the one hand, and post-Aristotelian thinkers such as the Epicureans, the Stoics, and Plotinus, on the other, on ... More


The Epicureans on Happiness, Wealth, and the Deviant Craft of Property Management

Tim O’Keefe

in Economics and the Virtues: Building a New Moral Foundation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198701392
eISBN:
9780191770661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701392.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Ancient ethicists were concerned with the proper attitude towards acquiring wealth, as well as the place of the craft of financial planning or property management (oikonomia) in the good life. The ... More


Sharing Knowledge with Oneself of a Defect: Five Centuries from the Greek Playwrights and Plato to St. Paul and First‐Century Pagans

Richard Sorabji

in Moral Conscience through the Ages: Fifth Century BCE to the Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199685547
eISBN:
9780191765704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685547.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 argues that the Greek term for moral conscience meant sharing knowledge with oneself, not with another, as if knowledge of the guilty secret had split one into two people, one fully ... More


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