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The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duties, and Fate

Tad Brennan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199256266
eISBN:
9780191603075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256268.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This reader-friendly introduction to the ethical system of the Ancient Greek Stoics combines state-of-the art scholarship with lively and accessible prose. It builds on the renewed attention that the ... More


Divine and Human Agency and Freedom

Troels Engberg‐Pedersen

in Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558568
eISBN:
9780191720970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558568.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter focuses on a specific issue that lies at the heart of the relationship between human beings and the ‘powers’ of the world: the extent to which human beings are subject to the governance ... More


Graeco-Roman Humanism

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Greeks were the only people to regard the human as a significant category. Zeno said that we should regard all men as fellow-citizens. The Roman empire made the Stoic idea of cosmopolis seem ... More


Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Richard Sorabji

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Stoics (Chrysippus, Seneca, Epictetus) tell us how to get rid of unwanted emotions by re-evaluating situations (cognitive therapy). In their view, an emotion is a pair of value judgements that ... More


Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism: A Comparative Study of Ancient Morality

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199578641
eISBN:
9780191722868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This study examines the moral teachings of first-century Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism, and compares the two. The study falls into three main parts: Part I introduces and discusses the moral ... More


The Case For and Against Eradication Of Emotion

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Arguments for eradicating most emotions were the Stoic thesis that one misevaluates indifferents, the approval of serenity, and the point that pleasant emotions are inextricably tied to unpleasant ... More


How the Ancient Exercises Work

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The ancients offered a huge range of therapeutic exercises. Some ward off future emotion, some deal with emotion that has already arisen from a past occurrence. Chrysippus' emphasis on re-evaluating ... More


The Concept Of Will

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The term ‘free will’ appears first in Lucretius' Latin, but will plays little role in accounts of freedom until Augustine, and that innovation was not clarifying. The concept of will was composed by ... More


Introduction to Roman Stoicism

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

in Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism: A Comparative Study of Ancient Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199578641
eISBN:
9780191722868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides a general introduction to Roman Stoicism, especially in relation to the field of ethics. A brief overview is given of the historical setting of the Stoic school in Rome in the ... More


Epictetus

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

in Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism: A Comparative Study of Ancient Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199578641
eISBN:
9780191722868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents the moral teaching of the ex-slave Epictetus (ca. 55–135 CE). He was a student of Musonius, but eventually he became a teacher himself. Like his fellow Stoics, Epictetus points ... More


Issues in Selfhood: Subjectivity and Objectivity

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter challenges the rather common view that Hellenistic-Roman thought shows a shift towards a more subjective and individualistic conception of self. It argues that this period expresses an ... More


A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought

Michael Frede

Halszka Osmolska (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268487
eISBN:
9780520948372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268487.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Where does the notion of free will come from? How and when did it develop, and what did that development involve? In this book's account of the history of this idea, the notion of a free will emerged ... More


Conclusion

Michael Frede

in A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268487
eISBN:
9780520948372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268487.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the emergence of the notion of free will in antiquity. It concludes that the notion of a free will first arises in late Stoicism in ... More


Bodies and Souls: The Rhetoric of Slavery

Jennifer A. Glancy

in Slavery in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195136098
eISBN:
9780199834228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195136098.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Sōma, the Greek word for body, is a synonym for slave. Servile status affected a person's experience of being female or male, especially as slaves, generally considered to be without honor, were ... More


Poetry, Pudding, and Epictetus: The Consistency of Elizabeth Carter

Carolyn D. Williams

in Tradition in Transition: Women Writers, Marginal Texts, and the Eighteenth-Century Canon

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182887
eISBN:
9780191673900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182887.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter focuses on Elizabeth Carter (1717–1806) — poet, scholar, translator, essayist, and letter writer — a doyenne of the bluestockings. She had other skills, besides. Hearing a lady praised ... More


Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy behind the Military Mind

Nancy Sherman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315912
eISBN:
9780199851201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315912.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

While few soldiers may have read the works of Epictetus or Marcus Aurelius, it is undoubtedly true that the ancient philosophy known as Stoicism guides the actions of many in the military. Soldiers ... More


From Fénelon to Hume

Christopher Brooke

in Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152080
eISBN:
9781400842414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter views a series of philosophical exchanges in the eighteenth century, which showcases the back and forth between plausibly Stoic and Epicurean concerns and arguments. It first takes a ... More


Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

A. A. Long

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Discourses of Epictetus, an emancipated Graeco‐Roman slave, are the most powerful surviving record of an ancient Stoic teacher at work. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of Epictetus’ ... More


A Brave New Stoicism

Nancy Sherman

in Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy behind the Military Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315912
eISBN:
9780199851201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315912.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter provides an overview of the philosophy of Stoicism and its influence in the military. The experience of James B. Stockdale is an extreme application of Stoicism. Stockdale, a senior Navy ... More


Freedom and That Which Depends on Us: Epictetus and Early Stoics

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Plutarch, Aud. Poet. 33d, Epictetus, Enchiridion 53.1, Seneca Letters 107.10; Hippolytus, Refutation of all Heresies 1.21.2 Eleutheria (freedom) was an indispensable philosophical ... More


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