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The Cold War Origins of the UNHCR Under Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

UNHCR was created with a mandate for refugee protection and to provide solutions to refugee problems, but with practically no funds with which to carry out these functions. Despite the inauspicious ... More


The Struggle for a Public Sector: Pepfar in Mozambique

James Pfeiffer

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has significantly transformed the global health landscape by injecting $15 billion into HIV/AIDS care and treatment programs in twenty ... More


Good Business

Adam D. Reich

in Selling Our Souls: The Commodification of Hospital Care in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160405
eISBN:
9781400850372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160405.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the link between Emergency Medical Incorporated's financial success and the quality of hospital care it ultimately was able to provide. Emergency Medical Incorporated, one of ... More


Constitutional Morality

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Constitutional morality is important for constitutional laws to be effective. Without constitutional morality, the operation of a constitution tends to become arbitrary, erratic, and capricious. This ... More


“Stir it Up”: Jamaican Guestworkers in the Promised Land

Cindy Hahamovitch

in No Man's Land: Jamaican Guestworkers in America and the Global History of Deportable Labor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691102689
eISBN:
9781400840021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691102689.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the experiences of the Jamaican guestworkers who came to the United States during World War II. These guestworkers were an unusually worldly, educated, and articulate group of ... More


A Fair Deal or a Raw Deal?

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the first New Deal and access to Federal Emergency Relief, as well as the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration, and the Civil Works Administration. ... More


Sovereignty and Superheroes

Neal Curtis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719085048
eISBN:
9781526104434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085048.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This book explores the concept of sovereignty through an analysis of superhero comics. Sovereignty is traditionally understood to be the legitimate monopoly on the use of force in a given territory. ... More


MAD, NUTS, and Civil Defense, 1963–1980

Dee Garrison

in Bracing for Armageddon: Why Civil Defense Never Worked

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183191
eISBN:
9780199788804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183191.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows how after Kennedy's death, the new and greatly underfunded civil defense agency was moved to the Department of Defense, and the government no longer talked of bomb shelters. During ... More


Courts, Inequality, and Health Care

Peter D. Jacobson and Elizabeth Selvin

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0038
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

When interpreting legislation, courts are often presented with opportunities to address health-care inequalities. This chapter describes four instances showing the judiciary's reluctance to confront ... More


Ireland during the Second World War: Farewell to Plato's Cave

Bryce Evans

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089510
eISBN:
9781781707531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089510.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

In the first book detailing the social and economic history of Ireland during the Second World War, Dr Bryce Evans reveals the hidden story of the Irish Emergency. If the diplomatic history of Irish ... More


Scaling Justice: India's Supreme Court, Social Rights, and Civil Liberties

Shylashri Shankar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693201
eISBN:
9780199081998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693201.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Most experts agree that India's Supreme Court and lower courts' pro-active behaviour on social rights can be traced back to the immediate post-Emergency era. Post-Emergency, judges have become ... More


Making the Peace: Public Order and Public Security in Modern Britain

Charles Townshend

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229780
eISBN:
9780191678929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229780.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In recent years, such episodes as the death of Blair Peach, the Miners' Strike, the Scarman Report, and the Ponting and Stalker affairs have raised serious doubts as to whether the ‘British trick’ of ... More


Fiscal Policy and Regional Integration, 1945–1963

Leigh A. Gardner

in Taxing Colonial Africa: The Political Economy of British Imperialism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661527
eISBN:
9780191744877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661527.003.0008
Subject:
History, Economic History, British and Irish Modern History

Proposals for regional integration in Central and East Africa gained support after World War Two as commodity price volatility and the financial impact of nationalist conflicts like the Mau Mau ... More


An Ounce of Preparation

Yossi Sheffi

in The Power of Resilience: How the Best Companies Manage the Unexpected

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029797
eISBN:
9780262330626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029797.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Whereas the first five chapters talk primarily of companies’ reactions to disruptions, Chapter 6 begins the discussions of more proactive preparations. These preparations include the fundamental ... More


Accession to India

A.G. Noorani

in Article 370: A Constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074083
eISBN:
9780199080786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074083.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter presents extracts from the British Cabinet Mission’s statement on 16 May 1946; the Cabinet Mission’s memorandum on Indian states, treaties, and paramountcy; the Indian Independence Act ... More


Cuba’s International Disaster Responses: From 1960s Chile to the 2005 Henry Reeve Brigade

John M. Kirk

in Healthcare Without Borders: Understanding Cuban Medical Internationalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061054
eISBN:
9780813051338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061054.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Cuba’s record in responding to natural disasters and emergencies is examined, from 1960 to the present. The formation of the specially trained Henry Reeve Brigade when Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005 ... More


Sikh Militancy and Non-violence

Paul Wallace

in Sikhism in Global Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075547
eISBN:
9780199082056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075547.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter reports that, contrary to stereotypes, the Sikhs are not essentially violent, but militant where ‘militancy’ does not mean violence in actions and reactions alone but also an aggressive ... More


The Second World War and the Creation of the National Health Service

F. K. PROCHASKA

in Philanthropy and the Hospitals of London: The King's Fund, 1897-1990

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202660
eISBN:
9780191675478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202660.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the impact of the Second World War on state policy on voluntary movement. Communities and institutions were affected, depending ... More


A Decent Anonymity, 1960–1980

F. K. PROCHASKA

in Philanthropy and the Hospitals of London: The King's Fund, 1897-1990

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202660
eISBN:
9780191675478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202660.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the state-directed health and social services in Britain in the years 1960 to 1980.The issue of independence of the charities in ... More


The Ultimate Emergency

Charles Townshend

in Making the Peace: Public Order and Public Security in Modern Britain

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229780
eISBN:
9780191678929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229780.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the passage of the Emergency Powers Bill in England as a way to maintain public order during World War II. Home Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare defended the timing and importance of ... More


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