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Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Heidi Hardt

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

In conflict-affected regions, delays in international response can have life or death consequences. The speed with which international organizations react to crises affects the prospects for ... More


Principles of Neural Design

Peter Sterling and Simon Laughlin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028707
eISBN:
9780262327312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028707.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The human brain is far smarter than a supercomputer but requires 100,000-fold less energy and space. Such efficient information processing is governed by ten principles of design. These apply to the ... More


Modern Manhood and the Boy Scouts of America: "Citizenship, Race, and the Environment, 1910-1930"

Benjamin René Jordan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627656
eISBN:
9781469627670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627656.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Contrary to works arguing that both Boy Scouting and mainstream American manhood emphasized primitive virility and martial aggression in the early twentieth century, this book demonstrates that the ... More


Energy

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter focuses on the analysis of energy resource balance and the ecological limits on energy resources with special reference to the oil crisis in both the global and the Indian context. It ... More


Foreign Investment: Liquidity Shocks

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The key mechanisms through which information frictions affect the composition and the volatility of international capital flows are market based. Foreign direct investors get more efficient outcomes ... More


Denmark: A Classic Case of a Green Spiral

Jakob Riiskjaer Nygård

in Can Green Sustain Growth?: From the Religion to the Reality of Sustainable Prosperity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785259
eISBN:
9780804788571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785259.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The first of a set of cases, this examination of the history of Danish energy policy shows that a classic green spiral effect has led over time to the decoupling of emissions and economic growth. ... More


Introduction

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a discussion of the relevance of international organizations’ efficiency in crisis response. It is framed in broader scholarly and policy debates on the effectiveness of peace ... More


Why Speed of Response Matters

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the impact of efficiency on conflict-affected populations and on the effectiveness of interventions. It details the conditions under which speed of response enhances prospects ... More


Differences in Organization Response Rates

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides an introduction to the informal level of decision-making and presents the book’s central argument. That is, the ways in which actors interact and negotiate within international ... More


Institutional Design in Crisis Decision-Making

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a typology of decision-making on crisis response across four international organizations. However, unlike previous scholarship, this research focuses on how decisions are taken in ... More


Informal Norms: Barriers and Facilitators

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Building on evidence presented in the previous chapter, this chapter makes the case that international organizations with informal institutional cultures react more rapidly than those organizations ... More


Informal Relations: Friends and Foes

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Building on evidence presented in Chapter 5, this chapter explains the second part of the book’s argument about institutional culture. Specifically, a climate of positive interpersonal relations ... More


Conclusion

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a summary of the book’s key findings and points to venues for future research. It reviews the central argument that differences in institutional culture explain why some ... More


Adaptive Psychophysical Procedures

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Adaptive procedures are developed to reduce the burden of data collection in psychophysics by creating more efficient experimental test designs and methods of estimating either statistics or ... More


Economic values and evidence: evaluating criminal justice policy

Kevin Albertson, Katherine Albertson, Chris Fox, and Dan Ellingworth

in Values in criminology and community justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447300359
eISBN:
9781447311706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300359.003.0018
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Economic theory seeks to determine the most effective use of scarce resources in achieving a given goal. This chapter discusses evaluation of criminal justice interventions with a view to increasing ... More


Definitions, Motivations, and Locational Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment

Sarianna M. Lundan

in Rethinking Investment Incentives: Trends and Policy Options

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231172981
eISBN:
9780231541640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172981.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The chapter outlines the different motivations for FDI as well as the economic and institutional determinants of location choice for foreign investment, which is in turn fundamental for analyzing ... More


Reform without Losers: An Interpretation of China’s Dual-Track Approach to Transition

Yingyi Qian

in How Reform Worked in China: The Transition from Plan to Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262534246
eISBN:
9780262342728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534246.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This paper develops a simple model to analyze the “dual-track” approach to market liberalization as a mechanism for implementing efficient Pareto-improving economic reform, that is, reform achieving ... More


Institutional Leadership: George C. Marshall

Larry I. Bland

in The Art of Command: Military Leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174723
eISBN:
9780813174778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174723.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

George C. Marshall served as the U.S. Army’s chief of staff from 1939 through 1945. Marshall possessed the experience, commitment, assertiveness, and intelligence necessary to meet the challenges of ... More


Return: The “Wrinkles” of Mystery in The Winter's Tale

Philip Lorenz

in The Tears of Sovereignty: Perspectives of Power in Renaissance Drama

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251308
eISBN:
9780823252633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251308.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The chapter reads Shakespeare's late play, The Winter's Tale, along with Francisco Suárez's Mariological writings as anatomies of the media conditions required for a sovereign event. Shakespeare's ... More


Human Capital Mobility:: Implications for Efficiency, Income Distribution, and Policy

David E. Wildasin

in The Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled: Implications for Education Financing and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028172
eISBN:
9780262326018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028172.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter studies the implications of inter-jurisdictional mobility in a dynamic fiscal policy perspective.The acquisition and utilization of human capital occurs over a lifetime and is affected ... More


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