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Durkheim

Gianfranco Poggi

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198780878
eISBN:
9780191695391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198780878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents an account of Emile Durkheim's work, focusing on a reassessment of his central ideas and arguments. Durkheim can undoubtedly be considered one of the most significant social ... More


Organizational Ecology as a Theory of Competition

Nikolaus Beck

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter shows that organizational ecology is much more sociological and less biological than many critics of organizational ecology think. It argues that organizational ecology and its theory of ... More


Citizenship to Membership

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The concept of social solidarity, and the two competing views on its source (Marshall's, which suggests that it stems from the social rights of citizenship; and Durkheim's , which suggests that it ... More


Being a Professional: Problems and Promises

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter addresses the domain of the professional, taking seriously the notion that the professional is personal, in addition to being social, political, and ethical. The chapter traces the ... More


A View from a French Sociologist

Dominique Schnapper

in British Sociology Seen from Without and Within

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263426
eISBN:
9780191734298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263426.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The French are not familiar with British sociology. As a first indicator, British sociology is hardly ever translated into French. In Britain, Anthony Giddens is the most cited and the most widely ... More


The Sacred in the Modern World: A Cultural Sociological Approach

Gordon Lynch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199557011
eISBN:
9780191738210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557011.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The central aim of this book is to provide a theoretical framework for using the concept of the sacred as a tool for social and cultural analysis. It differentiates between ontological theories of ... More


The Grid of Perception

John Levi Martin

in The Explanation of Social Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Chapter 4 traces the development of this conception of the fundamentally arbitrary nature of cognition by examining Durkheim’s attempt to give a social ontology of the Aristotelian ... More


Introduction

Charles Ramble

in The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154146
eISBN:
9780199868513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154146.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The original aim of the research that led to this book was to explore the confrontation between Buddhism and Himalayan “pagan” religion, based on the sacrificial cult of territorial gods. It was ... More


Religion: Her Ideas of His Ideas of Their Ideas …

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents the ideas of agency, intentionality, and teleo-functional reasoning. Agency is something we infer from the regular patterns we observe in an entity’s behavior. Such patterns ... More


“Behold the Sign of Salvation—A Noosed Rope”: The Promise and Perils of Du Bois's Economies of Sacrifice

Jonathon S. Kahn

in Divine Discontent: The Religious Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307894
eISBN:
9780199867516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307894.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A crucial moral virtue of Du Bois's religious discourse is the virtue of sacrifice. His discourse of sacrifice is composed of two halves. The first half is contained in his series of parables that ... More


Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a summary of the classical sociological solution to the problem of order advanced by Talcott Parsons. The central flaw in the solution is simply that it lacks deliberative ... More


Planet of the Durkheimians, Where Community, Authority, and Sacredness Are Foundations of Morality

Jonathan Haidt and Jesse Graham

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Most academic efforts to understand morality and ideology come from theorists who limit the domain of morality to issues related to harm and fairness. For such theorists, conservative beliefs are ... More


Law in Modern Society

Denis Galligan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book considers how legal theory, and particularly H. L. A Hart's The Concept of Law, has developed the idea of law as a highly developed social system, which has a distinctive character and ... More


Microfoundations

Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam

in A Theory of Fields

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199859948
eISBN:
9780199951178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859948.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter articulates the microfoundation for the theory. The first half sketches a bare-bones perspective on the distinctive essence of human sociability. It reviews the current literature on the ... More


Introduction

DEREK MATTHEWS, MALCOLM ANDERSON, and JOHN RICHARD EDWARDS

in The Priesthood of Industry: The Rise of the Professional Accountant in British Management

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289609
eISBN:
9780191684753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289609.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

This introductory chapter discusses the emergence of different professionals in Britain, particularly professional accountants. Previously, the school of thought among sociologists studying the ... More


Modernity and the Jews in Western Social Thought

Chad Alan Goldberg

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226460413
eISBN:
9780226460697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226460697.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, prominent social thinkers in France, Germany, and the United States sought to understand the modern world taking shape around them. Although they ... More


Consuming Religion

Kathryn Lofton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481937
eISBN:
9780226482125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226482125.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The essays in this book offer a profile of religion and its relationship to consumption in the modern period. Together they demonstrate how religion manifests in efforts to mass-produce relations of ... More


From Magic to Social Function

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The beginning of professional sociology signaled the end of theories that explained magic as a mental phenomenon of the individual. The crude and often provincial evolutionism to which James Frazer ... More


Church and Culture

Robert Wuthnow

in Christianity in the Twenty-First Century: Reflections on the Challenges Ahead

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096514
eISBN:
9780199853380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096514.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the early years of the 20th century, a prominent French scholar penned the concluding lines to a book he had worked on for nearly fifteen years and sent the manuscript off to be published. That ... More


Defeaters and Defeat

Alvin Plantinga

in Warranted Christian Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131932
eISBN:
9780199867486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131932.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this and the next three chapters, I deal with proposed defeaters for Christian belief. In this chapter, I begin with a brief examination of the nature of defeaters. I then turn to projective ... More


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