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The Linguistic Background

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

India is a land of numerous languages. Indian languages belong to Austro-Asiatic, Tibeto-Burman, Dravidian, and Indo-Aryan groups. The Austric language family is divided into Austric-Asiatic and ... More


The Invasion of Utopia: The Corruption of Siddha Medicine by Ayurveda

Richard S. Weiss

in Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335231
eISBN:
9780199868803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335231.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This is an exploration of the utopian elements of accounts of the history of siddha medicine. Siddha practitioners and authors of Tamil revivalism often locate the origins of siddha medicine on a ... More


Reviving the Utopian Character of Siddha Medicine

Richard S. Weiss

in Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335231
eISBN:
9780199868803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335231.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter looks at the utopian character that siddha practitioners ascribe to siddha medicine. The features attributed to siddha medicine—egalitarianism, rationality, science, accordance with ... More


Linguistic Substrata in Sanskrit Texts

Edwin Bryant

in The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137774
eISBN:
9780199834044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137779.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

An analysis is made of the evidence for a non-Indo-Aryan linguistic substratum in Sanskrit texts, which has remained perhaps the principal and (in the author’s view) the most persuasive reason ... More


Return to the Mountains: The Ayyappaṉ Festival in Sabarimalai, Kerala

Paul Younger

in Playing Host to Deity: Festival Religion in the South Indian Tradition

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140446
eISBN:
9780199834907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140443.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

One of the oldest festivals in South India is the pilgrimage to the Sabarimalai shrine of Ayyappan in the mountains of Kerala. About 10 million male devotees make this pilgrimage each December and ... More


Greece, India, and Race among the Victorians

Partha Mitter

in African Athena: New Agendas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199595006
eISBN:
9780191731464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595006.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, African History: BCE to 500CE

The paper traces the process leading to the repudiation of the Afroasiatic roots of Greek civilization in the 19th century. Comparative philology, physical anthropology and biology melded language, ... More


A Raja, a Ghost, and a Tribe studies in folklore, ethnology, and religion

Peter Gottschalk

in Religion, Science, and Empire: Classifying Hinduism and Islam in British India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393019
eISBN:
9780199979264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393019.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

As two roots of the developing discipline of anthropology, folklore and ethnology represent divergent efforts to use narrative for the sake of comparison. British and Indian travellers and officials ... More


Analogical Morphophonology

Andrew Garrett and Juliette Blevins

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0022
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

The study of word-based sound patterns has raised a number of critical questions about analogical change and “mechanical” sound change, such as whether sound changes are indeed “mechanical” or ... More


The Dravidian Idea in Missionary Accounts of South Indian Religion

Will Sweetman

in Religion and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199467785
eISBN:
9780199087631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199467785.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

The chapter looks at how an existing religious traditions got reinvented as a result of the project of colonial modernity. It critically looks at the construction of Dravidian culture in south India ... More


Beyond the Norms: Marriage and Incest among the Ye’kwana

Nalúa Rosa Silva Monterrey

in The Anthropology of Marriage in Lowland South America: Bending and Breaking the Rules

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054315
eISBN:
9780813053066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054315.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the norms that lead to qualifying marriage as permitted versus “incestuous” (incorrect or prohibited) in the Ye’kwana marriage system. The Ye’kwana live in lowland South ... More


Society beyond the Genetic Program

Robert A. Paul

in Mixed Messages: Cultural and Genetic Inheritance in the Constitution of Human Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226240725
eISBN:
9780226241050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241050.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The chapter begins by placing human social organization in the context of other social animals, including canids and higher primates. Only humans manage the integration of social groupings based on ... More


Religion, Caste, and Nation in South India: Maraimalai Adigal, the Neo-Saivite Movement, and Tamil Nationalism, 1876–1950

V. Ravi Vaithees

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199451814
eISBN:
9780199085354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199451814.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Departing sharply from the principal focus on language and the ‘secular–modern’ in contemporary studies of nationalism, this volume examines the religious roots of nationalism, specifically the ... More


Institutionalizing Caste Politics in Tamil Nadu

Hugo Gorringe

in Panthers in Parliament: Dalits, Caste, and Political Power in South India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199468157
eISBN:
9780199088829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468157.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter will introduce the regional context of the study. It will chart the rich history of anti-caste mobilization in the state from the early Dalit pioneers, through Periyar’s agitations to ... More


Maraimalai Adigal and the Naveenar (Modernist) Saivite Revival in Tamil Nadu

V. Ravi Vaithees

in Religion, Caste, and Nation in South India: Maraimalai Adigal, the Neo-Saivite Movement, and Tamil Nationalism, 1876–1950

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199451814
eISBN:
9780199085354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199451814.003.0003
Subject:
History, Indian History

It is with R.S. Vedachalam Pillai, later known by the ‘pure Tamil’ name of Maraimalai Adigal, that the ideas generated by figures such as Robert Caldwell (1814–91), G.U. Pope (1820–1907), Somasundara ... More


The origin of the postpositional syntagm

Uta Reinöhl

in Grammaticalization and the Rise of Configurationality in Indo-Aryan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198736660
eISBN:
9780191800368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736660.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses why New Indo-Aryan languages have postpositions and not prepositions like other branches of Indo-European. It is first argued that prior proposals that explain the existence of ... More


The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Asko Parpola

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Hinduism has two major roots. The more familiar is the religion brought to South Asia in the second millennium BCE by speakers of Aryan or Indo-Iranian languages, a branch of the Indo-European ... More


Living among ‘Relations’: Biographical Contexts

Guillermo Rodríguez

in When Mirrors Are Windows: A View of A.K. Ramanujan's Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199463602
eISBN:
9780199087235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463602.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter focuses on Ramanujan’s aesthetics from a biographical perspective. It examines how his early environments influenced his aesthetic receptivity and highlights fundamental features in the ... More


Reflecting on Art: A.K. Ramanujan’s ‘Outer’ Aesthetics

Guillermo Rodríguez

in When Mirrors Are Windows: A View of A.K. Ramanujan's Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199463602
eISBN:
9780199087235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463602.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

In this chapter Ramanujan’s aesthetics is tackled from the ‘outer’ or scholarly perspective of his academic disciplines and the various aesthetic and philosophical traditions he was steeped in. Both ... More


The Origins

Madurika Rasaratnam

in Tamils and the Nation: India and Sri Lanka Compared

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190498320
eISBN:
9780190638580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498320.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter provides an historical overview of ethnic and national politics in India and Sri Lanka. It shows that despite the differences of geographic and demographic scale, the two states have a ... More


Tamils in the Nation: Post-Independence India

Madurika Rasaratnam

in Tamils and the Nation: India and Sri Lanka Compared

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190498320
eISBN:
9780190638580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498320.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter analyzes the post-independence political competition between the Tamil revivalist Dravidian movement and the pan-Indian Congress in Tamil Nadu and explains how the once separatist ... More


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