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Specific Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Attention

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 9 addresses the complex issues that face research on neurodevelopmental disorders. These include the complexities of gene expression and taxonomies of cognitive processes, shared phenotypes, ... More


Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What is attention? How does it go wrong? Do attention deficits arise from genes or from the environment? Can we cure it with drugs or training? Are there disorders of attention other than deficit ... More


Genes and Atypical Attention

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 3 introduces the six core neurodevelopmental disorders and their genetic origins. The genetics of four disorders (Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome and 22q11 deletion ... More


Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The sixth part of the book reviews applications of the described approach to atypical and changing movements. It starts with a discussion of the notion of normality and its applicability to motor ... More


Down's Syndrome and dementia: a framework for practice to support people with Down's Syndrome and dementia living in generic care homes

Heather Wilkinson and Karen Watchman

in Supportive care for the person with dementia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199554133
eISBN:
9780191730269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554133.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Despite the recognized longevity of people with Down's syndrome, the age-related long-term care needs of this population have yet to be fully understood and addressed. Owing to an increase in medical ... More


Down's Syndrome

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Within traditional medical history, John Langdon Down is seen as a physician who was ‘in advance of his time’ in the treatment and classification of persons with mental disabilities. He was ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Alexander Prehn-Kristensen, Richard Cooke, Lioba Baving, and Cynthia Schumann

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neurodevelopmental disorders are a diverse group of behaviourally-relevant multifactorial disorders related to an impairment of growth, maturation, or development of the central nervous system. The ... More


East Asian Bodies in Nineteenth-Century Medicine: The Mongolian Eye, the Mongolian Spot, and “Mongolism”

Michael Keevak

in Becoming Yellow: A Short History of Racial Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140315
eISBN:
9781400838608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140315.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines how the Mongolian race was perceived in nineteenth-century Western medicine. More specifically, it considers medical explanations for certain conditions deemed to be associated ... More


Advances in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders: An Introduction

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter emphasizes the importance of rooting research in an interdisciplinary framework that can investigate attention across multiple levels: genetic, brain, cognitive, and ... More


Balancing Risks: PND and the “Prevention of Disability”

Ilana Löwy

in Tangled Diagnoses: Prenatal Testing, Women, and Risk

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226534121
eISBN:
9780226534268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534268.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 investigates the links between prenatal diagnosis, selective abortion for fetal impairment, and disability rights. It discusses disability activists' opposition to selective abortion of ... More


Widening Circles

Rachel Adams

in The Global and the Intimate: Feminism in Our Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231154499
eISBN:
9780231520843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231154499.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In this chapter, the author explores the globalization of intimacy by recounting her experience as a mother who gave birth to a child with Down syndrome. She describes how she felt when she found out ... More


Filming Down Syndrome

Benjamin Fraser

in Disability Studies and Spanish Culture: Films, Novels, the Comic and the Public Exhibition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318702
eISBN:
9781846317965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318702.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter analyzes the representation of disability in two films from a Disability Studies perspective: Yo, también (2009, Antonio Pastor and Álvaro Naharro) and León y Olvido (2004, Xavier ... More


Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

David Wright

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book contributes to the growing scholarly interest in the history of disability by investigating the emergence of the so-called idiot asylums in England during the Victorian period. Using the ... More


Down Syndrome

Patricia D. Jackson, Melinda Wendland, and Shirley W. Ekvall

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses Down syndrome, including physical, biochemical, and other abnormalities and associated medical conditions such as congenital heart defects, gastrointestinal problems, ... More


Norms, values, and constraints: The case of prenatal diagnosis

Ilana Löwy

in Value Practices in the Life Sciences and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199689583
eISBN:
9780191808807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689583.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

Prenatal diagnosis (PND) of foetal malformations was originally an exceptional procedure aiming at the detection of rare anomalies. The widespread diffusion of innovations that have radically ... More


Inshallah – God Willing

in The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237570.003.0024
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter first details the author's study on the reported cluster of mothers who had Down's syndrome babies in Dundalk, which also included the surrounding county of Louth or over the border in ... More


Disability Studies and Spanish Culture: Films, Novels, the Comic and the Public Exhibition

Benjamin Fraser

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318702
eISBN:
9781846317965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318702.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This is the first book to use a Disability Studies approach to understanding cultural production in Spain. The author takes on a range of cultural products—from film to literature to the ... More


Documenting Cognitive Disability

Benjamin Fraser

in Disability Studies and Spanish Culture: Films, Novels, the Comic and the Public Exhibition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318702
eISBN:
9781846317965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318702.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter looks at two Spanish documentaries focusing on people with cognitive/intellectual disabilities. The first film, ¿Qué tienes debajo del sombrero± (2006, Lola Barrera and Iñaki Peñafiel) ... More


Death on a Silver Platter: Masculinity, Disabilities, and the Noxon Murder Trials of 1944

Ivy George and James W. Trent

in Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190458997
eISBN:
9780190459024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458997.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Around six o’clock on the evening of September 22, 1943, John F. Noxon Jr., a prominent attorney in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and a “crippled” polio survivor, telephoned his family’s pediatrician to ... More


Epilogue: Exhibiting Art

Benjamin Fraser

in Disability Studies and Spanish Culture: Films, Novels, the Comic and the Public Exhibition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318702
eISBN:
9781846317965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318702.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This relatively brief epilogue looks at the production of art by disabled artists in Spain themselves. Discussion ranges from paintings and the public exhibition of art by artists with intellectual ... More


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