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Stimulation, September 1931–December 1935

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

On September 19, 1931, Japan began the process of converting the Chinese province of Manchuria into its own puppet state of Manchukuo, thus calling into question an earlier pronouncement about the ... More


‘A Genuine and Energetic League of Nations Policy’: Lord Robert Cecil and the Treaty of Mutual Assistance, 1922–1923

Peter J. Yearwood

in Guarantee of Peace: The League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199226733
eISBN:
9780191710308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226733.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The success of the League was widely seen as depending on its formulating a scheme for international disarmament. Lloyd George had this in the back of his mind when offering a security treaty to ... More


Case Study: Biological Weapons Verification

Caroline Fehl

in Living with a Reluctant Hegemon: Explaining European Responses to US Unilateralism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608621
eISBN:
9780191731730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608621.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The verification protocol to the Biological Weapons Convention is the subject of the last case study. In the negotiations over this agreement, European advocates of intrusive verification were ready ... More


The Politics of Peace: A Global Cold War History

Petra Goedde

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780195370836
eISBN:
9780190936136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195370836.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This study explores the emerging politics of peace, both as an ideal and as a pragmatic aspect of international relations during the early Cold War. By tracing the myriad ways in which a broad ... More


A peculiar classic

Scott Hamilton

in The Crisis of Theory: E.P. Thompson, the New Left and Postwar British Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084355
eISBN:
9781781702338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084355.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

‘The Peculiarities of the English’ is perhaps the most celebrated of the four texts Edward Palmer Thompson collected in The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays. Through 1960, Thompson was kept busy ... More


Ending Production of Fissile Materials for Weapons

Harold A. Feiveson

in Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027748
eISBN:
9780262319188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027748.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

To cap nuclear arsenals and make nuclear weapon reductions irreversible, it will be necessary to end the production of unsafeguarded highly enriched uranium and separated plutonium. To achieve this ... More


Special Assistant for Disarmament, 1955–1958

Lawrence S. Kaplan

in Harold Stassen: Eisenhower, the Cold War, and the Pursuit of Nuclear Disarmament

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813174860
eISBN:
9780813174877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174860.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

It was apparent from the beginning that the Foreign Operations Administration would have a short life. Arms control and disarmament played a larger role in Eisenhower’s thinking than did the ... More


The Illusion of Progress, 1956

Lawrence S. Kaplan

in Harold Stassen: Eisenhower, the Cold War, and the Pursuit of Nuclear Disarmament

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813174860
eISBN:
9780813174877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174860.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

Eisenhower’s reservations in December 1955 did not keep his special assistant from unveiling a new package of proposals in January 1956. As always, Stassen’s work was fast and thorough. He ... More


1957—Stassen’s Gaffe?

Lawrence S. Kaplan

in Harold Stassen: Eisenhower, the Cold War, and the Pursuit of Nuclear Disarmament

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813174860
eISBN:
9780813174877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174860.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

In March 1957 a second round of talks of the UN Subcommittee on Disarmament began in London. Stassen remained the chief US delegate and exhibited his usual exuberant optimism. However, it would have ... More


I Study Ballet

Maya Plisetskaya

in I, Maya Plisetskaya

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088571
eISBN:
9780300130713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088571.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Dance

In this chapter, Maya Plisetskaya reflects on her enrollment in the Moscow Choreographic School, the ballet school, in 1934. In 1976 she traveled to America and visited the legendary Olga ... More


Under the gun: Northern Ireland’s unique history with DDR

Carolyn Gallaher

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781784995287
eISBN:
9781526124180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995287.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Research on decommissioning usually falls within a larger literature on disarmament-demobilization-reintegration (DDR). Although much of the literature on DDR treats it as a single process, some ... More


History and Contemporary Trends in Conventional Arms Export Controls

Jennifer L. Erickson

in Dangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International Reputation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170963
eISBN:
9780231539036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170963.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter charts the key events in the twentieth-century global arms trade; during the post-World War I and interwar years, the Cold War, and the early 1990s and beyond. During the post-World War ... More


The imaginative landscape of nuclear war in Britain, 1945–65

Matthew Grant

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

British culture struggled to understand the threat of nuclear war during the Cold War. This difficulty in fully ‘imagining’ the destruction a future war would bring had important consequences for how ... More


Libya

Ibrahim Fraihat

in Unfinished Revolutions: Yemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300215632
eISBN:
9780300220957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215632.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 1 focuses on Libya’s transition following the eight-month revolution against Colonel Muammar Qaddafi in 2011 that ended his 42-year reign. It finds that Libya has since been plagued by ... More


Issues of Reconciliation: A Comparative Perspective

Ibrahim Fraihat

in Unfinished Revolutions: Yemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300215632
eISBN:
9780300220957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215632.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter finds that in Libya, Yemen, and Tunisia, the sudden removal of power structures and the changes that followed have generated profoundly polarizing issues that threaten the states’ ... More


1914–1939

Thomas Davies

in NGOs: A New History of Transnational Civil Society

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199387533
eISBN:
9780190235642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387533.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

In contrast to conventional studies that interpret the interwar period in state-centric terms, this chapter reveals the wide variety of transnational relations that developed at that time. It ... More


Breakdown: The Stresemann Memoirs Scandal and Wounds that Failed to Heal

Conan Fischer

in A Vision of Europe: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression, 1929-1932

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199676293
eISBN:
9780191755613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676293.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

As the Berlin Accord unravelled and became a point of disagreement rather than Franco-German rapprochement, the old wounds reopened, particularly those surrounding reparations and disarmament. The ... More


Strategic Scripts and Nuclear Disarmament

Matthew Harries and Benedict Wilkinson

in The Art of Creating Power: Freedman on Strategy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190851163
eISBN:
9780190872601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851163.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter spans Freedman’s earliest focus on nuclear weapons and his development of strategic scripts as an analytical tool over three decades later. It discusses the way in which opposing logics ... More


Peace with the Planet: The International Struggle against Nuclear Weapons

Petra Goedde

in The Politics of Peace: A Global Cold War History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780195370836
eISBN:
9780190936136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195370836.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter traces the coalescence between pacifist and environmental concerns around the issue of nuclear weapons testing in the 1950s and early 1960s in the West. Scientists, health professionals, ... More


‘Pious Hopes and Equally Pious Regrets’, 1927–1929

Gerard Keown

in First of the Small Nations: The Beginnings of Irish Foreign Policy in the Inter-War Years, 1919–1932

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745129
eISBN:
9780191806063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745129.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

As the 1920s drew to a close, Irish diplomacy was growing in confidence. As Chapter 7 will show, the League remained an important forum, the Free State championing calls for disarmament and gradually ... More


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