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  • Keywords: Disability Race Citizenship Universal design Crip theory Politics Accessibility Ergonomics x
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Barrier Work: Before and After the Americans with Disabilities Act

Aimi Hamraie

in Building Access: Universal Design and the Politics of Disability

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901639
eISBN:
9781452958743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901639.003.0007
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Chapter 6 traces the rise of Universal Design and how it responded to these earlier approaches to accessible design. This chapter treats Universal Design as a series of experiments in knowing and ... More


Sloped Technoscience: Curb Cuts, Critical Frictions, and Disability (Maker) Cultures

Aimi Hamraie

in Building Access: Universal Design and the Politics of Disability

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901639
eISBN:
9781452958743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901639.003.0005
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Chapter 4 studies the history of the curb cut as a do-it-yourself accessibility technology produced by disability activists. This chapter uses the curb cut to examine broader histories of disability ... More


All Americans: Disability, Race, and Segregated Citizenship

Aimi Hamraie

in Building Access: Universal Design and the Politics of Disability

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901639
eISBN:
9781452958743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901639.003.0004
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Chapter 3 studies the rise of barrier-free design, or disability access, in the mid-twentieth century U.S., focusing on how this approach emerged through U.S. cultures of whiteness, gender ... More


Epistemic Activism: Design Expertise as a Site of Intervention

Aimi Hamraie

in Building Access: Universal Design and the Politics of Disability

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901639
eISBN:
9781452958743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901639.003.0006
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Chapter 5 studies what I term “epistemic activism,” or activism that occurs within academic fields to shape social norms and practices. Specifically, this chapter shows how architects were enacting ... More


Building Access: Universal Design and the Politics of Disability

Aimi Hamraie

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901639
eISBN:
9781452958743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901639.001.0001
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Building Access investigates twentieth-century strategies for designing the world with disability in mind. Illustrated with a wealth of rare archival materials, this book brings together scientific, ... More


Flexible Users: From the Average Body to a Range of Users

Aimi Hamraie

in Building Access: Universal Design and the Politics of Disability

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901639
eISBN:
9781452958743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901639.003.0003
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Chapter 2 examines the rise of “flexible” and “ergonomic” design. Hamraie argues that these approaches were not about accepting different, but rather about military-industrial efficiency.


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