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The Philosophy of Epictetus

Theodore Scaltsas and Andrew S. Mason (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoic philosopher Epictetus has been one of the most influential of ancient thinkers, both in antiquity itself and in modern times. This book includes ten chapters which discuss Epictetus' ... More


 Ethics: Socratic, Stoic, Platonic

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī’s extant ethical corpus is relatively small, but sufficient to show that his ethics is an application of his Neoplatonic ideas about metaphysics and psychology. He provides the first Arabic ... More


The Philosopher as God's Messenger

Katerina Ierodiakonou

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The philosopher, according to Epictetus, is God's messenger (angelos), witness (martys), servant (diakonos/hypēretēs), and kinsman (syngenēs). By making full use of their logical reasoning, ... More


Epictetus on Cynicism

Malcolm Schofield

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Epictetus' presentation of Diogenes the Cynic, whom he regards both as a divine messenger and as a scout sent by God to spy on men. The two functions complement each other: as ... More


Nietzsche and the Pyrrhonian Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter opens with a discussion of “historical influence” that intends to clarify the sense in which Nietzsche can be said to have been influenced by Pyrrhonism. Then, it presents the ... More


Socrates

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the methods and doctrines that Plato treats as distinctive of Socrates. Socrates commits himself to three main paradoxes and the ... More


The Cyrenaics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Plato's lifetime, Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates, defended at least some aspects of the hedonist position that came to be known as Cyrenaic. At ... More


The Cynics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Cynic school had a long life, extending well into the Roman Empire. It appears to have included sharply different attitudes on central moral ... More


Introduction

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores both the philosophy of Pyrrho himself and the nature of the connections between Pyrrho and other philosophers — the later Pyrrhonists who took him as a figurehead, and also those ... More


Putting it into Practice

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Much of this chapter deals with the numerous colourful anecdotes about Pyrrho's activities, most of them recorded in Diogenes' life of Pyrrho. How seriously should one take these stories? One obvious ... More


The Downsized Self

Nancy Sherman

in Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy behind the Military Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315912
eISBN:
9780199851201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315912.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses camaraderie, empathy, and respect. It looks at camaraderie as a critical element in combat courage and resilience, and as essential to psychological recovery in the aftermath ... More


Kath' hauto and pros ti

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Fine sets down some of the groundwork for understanding the first of Aristotle's three objections to the Argument from Relatives, which with the other two objections will be discussed in the ... More


The Discourses

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Surveys the scope, themes, and style of Epictetus’ Discourses, starting with an assessment of their transmission by Epictetus’ student, Arrian. They should be read as an accurate record of how he ... More


Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin

Gillian Clark and Tessa Rajak (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299905
eISBN:
9780191707803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299905.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Miriam Griffin is unrivalled as a bridge-builder between historians of the Graeco-Roman world and students of its philosophies. This wide-ranging volume in her honour brings together essays from ... More


The Rude Product of Luxury: Dada Laughter

Dafydd W. Jones

in Dada 1916 in Theory: Practices of Critical Resistance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781781380208
eISBN:
9781781381526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781380208.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This closing chapter breaks down the single most audible quality of Dada: its ringing laughter, which functioned as regenerative and greater than laughter in its limited satirical form. The potential ... More


Diogenes and Rousseau: Music, Morality, and Society

Michael Sonenscher

in Sans-Culottes: An Eighteenth-Century Emblem in the French Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691180809
eISBN:
9781400829026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180809.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter considers how the joke about breeches fitted into a way of thinking about human association that set decorum alongside justice, reciprocity alongside property, distinction alongside ... More


Lunar Revolutions: The Triumph of the New Astronomy

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Scientific discovery requires not only that one correctly explain phenomena, but that one persuade one’s peers. Anaxagoras’ theory was accepted by Empedocles, Diogenes of Apollonia, and even ... More


Of Mites and Motes: Shakespearean Readings of Epicurean Science

Jonathan Pollock

in Spectacular Science, Technology and Superstition in the Age of Shakespeare

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474427814
eISBN:
9781474438735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474427814.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter is devoted to the rediscovery of Lucretius in the early modern period. Even though Shakespeare had no access to writings by Epicurus, there is a strong likelihood that he knew the De ... More


An Emerson Gone Mad: Thoreau's American Cynicism

Doughs R. Anderson

in Thoreau's Importance for Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239306
eISBN:
9780823239344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239306.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

In this chapter, Anderson argues that Thoreau's philosophical outlook is closely tied to post-Socratic thought, especially that of the Cynics. In assessing this relation, one can see the practical ... More


The Pardoner’s Dirty Breeches: Cynicism and Kynicism in The Canterbury Tales

Will Stockton

in Playing Dirty: Sexuality and Waste in Early Modern Comedy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674596
eISBN:
9781452946702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674596.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter examines the pilgrims in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales for a model of queer sociality and argues against the critical tendency to view the Pardoner as a kind of queer hero. Although the ... More


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