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The Philosophy of Epictetus

Theodore Scaltsas and Andrew S. Mason (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoic philosopher Epictetus has been one of the most influential of ancient thinkers, both in antiquity itself and in modern times. This book includes ten chapters which discuss Epictetus' ... More


 Ethics: Socratic, Stoic, Platonic

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī’s extant ethical corpus is relatively small, but sufficient to show that his ethics is an application of his Neoplatonic ideas about metaphysics and psychology. He provides the first Arabic ... More


The Philosopher as God's Messenger

Katerina Ierodiakonou

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The philosopher, according to Epictetus, is God's messenger (angelos), witness (martys), servant (diakonos/hypēretēs), and kinsman (syngenēs). By making full use of their logical reasoning, ... More


Epictetus on Cynicism

Malcolm Schofield

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Epictetus' presentation of Diogenes the Cynic, whom he regards both as a divine messenger and as a scout sent by God to spy on men. The two functions complement each other: as ... More


Nietzsche and the Pyrrhonian Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter opens with a discussion of “historical influence” that intends to clarify the sense in which Nietzsche can be said to have been influenced by Pyrrhonism. Then, it presents the ... More


Socrates

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the methods and doctrines that Plato treats as distinctive of Socrates. Socrates commits himself to three main paradoxes and the ... More


The Cyrenaics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Plato's lifetime, Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates, defended at least some aspects of the hedonist position that came to be known as Cyrenaic. At ... More


The Cynics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Cynic school had a long life, extending well into the Roman Empire. It appears to have included sharply different attitudes on central moral ... More


Introduction

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores both the philosophy of Pyrrho himself and the nature of the connections between Pyrrho and other philosophers — the later Pyrrhonists who took him as a figurehead, and also those ... More


Putting it into Practice

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Much of this chapter deals with the numerous colourful anecdotes about Pyrrho's activities, most of them recorded in Diogenes' life of Pyrrho. How seriously should one take these stories? One obvious ... More


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