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Digital Applications in Defense of the Nation

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The US Department of Defense (DoD) is one of the largest users of computers and telecommunications in the world and the largest within the federal government. The story of how the DoD promoted the ... More


American Justice In Taiwan: The 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy

Stephen G. Craft

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166353
eISBN:
9780813166629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

On May 23, 1957, U.S. Army Sergeant Robert Reynolds was acquitted of murdering Chinese officer Liu Ziran in Taiwan. Reynolds did not deny shooting Liu but claimed self-defense and, like all members ... More


To Close or not to Close, that is the Question: BRAC, 1988–2005

Jasmine Farrier

in Congressional Ambivalence: The Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192628
eISBN:
9780813135496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the cycle of institutional ambivalence of Congress as seen in the past two decades of the base realignment and closure process. From 1988 to 2005, the House and the Senate ... More


A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Lawrence Badash

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nuclear winter phenomenon burst upon the public’s consciousness in 1983. Added to the horror of a nuclear war’s immediate effects was the fear that the smoke from fires ignited by the explosions ... More


Reforming National Security Oversight in the Senate

Linda L. Fowler

in Watchdogs on the Hill: The Decline of Congressional Oversight of U.S. Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151618
eISBN:
9781400866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151618.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter challenges the efficacy of reform proposals currently circulating in Washington and makes practical recommendations for improving the capacity of the Senate Armed Services and Foreign ... More


Inside the Beltway, 1985

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Through 1983 and well into 1984, research on nuclear winter was primarily financed by “discretionary” funds from various government agencies such as the Department of Defense (DoD), the Department of ... More


Diffusion of Computing Starts in the United States

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Flood: The Diffusion of Information Technology Across the U.S., Europe, and Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921553
eISBN:
9780199980406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921553.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Wide adoption of computing began in the United States in the early 1940s and this chapter takes that story to the massive adoption of the Internet in the 1990s. The chapter explains the role of ... More


Getting to the Postwar Planning Table

in The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226729459
eISBN:
9780226729435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226729435.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the postwar planning for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. It suggests that neither Tommy Franks of the Central Command nor the U.S. Department of Defense wanted anything to do with ... More


Strategic Vision: National Security, Defense Policy, and the Geopolitics of Military Pre-Eminence

Georg Löfflmann

in American Grand Strategy under Obama: Competing Discourses

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474419765
eISBN:
9781474435192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419765.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how the US Department of Defense has acted as key producer of practical grand strategy discourse, regularly translating geopolitical imaginations, threat assessments and ... More


Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military

Gerald Kutcher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226465319
eISBN:
9780226465333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1960s, University of Cincinnati radiologist Eugene Saenger infamously conducted human experiments on patients with advanced cancer to examine how total body radiation could treat the disease. ... More


Instruments of Change: Contract Regulations as a Source of Flexibility in Defense Procurement, 1942–72

Glen Asner

in The Emergence of Routines: Entrepreneurship, Organization, and Business History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198787761
eISBN:
9780191829857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787761.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Procurement regulations and the details of the contracting process receive only passing mention, if any at all, in histories of the development of military technologies. Congressional politics ... More


Practical Adjustments to Achieve Doctrinal Requirements

Jennifer Morrison Taw

in Mission Revolution: The U.S. Military and Stability Operations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153256
eISBN:
9780231526821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153256.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter provides an overview of the adjustments to military services since the adoption of stability operations. The first of these adjustments is the introduction of a modular force structure ... More


Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes: Biodefense Pushed Too Far

in Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782753
eISBN:
9780804786157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the promotion of biodefense. If biodefense is pushed too far, the question naturally arises whether this can cause problems that threaten the regimes or undermine other ... More


Operation Switchback

Thomas L. Ahern

in Vietnam Declassified: The CIA and Counterinsurgency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125619
eISBN:
9780813135342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125619.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

The first and largest of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) paramilitary programs in Vietnam, the Citizens' (later Civilian) Irregular Defense Groups, was only six months old when Washington ... More


Extraterritorial Law Enforcement or Transnational Counterterrorist Military Operations: The Stakes of Two Legal Models

Geoffrey S. Corn

in New Battlefields/Old Laws: Critical Debates on Asymmetric Warfare

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152358
eISBN:
9780231526562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152358.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines two legal models for combating transnational terrorism: extraterritorial law enforcement and transnational counterterrorist military operations. It challenges conventional ... More


Disengagement

Thomas L. Ahern

in Vietnam Declassified: The CIA and Counterinsurgency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125619
eISBN:
9780813135342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125619.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

In preparation since late 1967, the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) disengagement had begun when the Department of Defense assumed funding responsibility for the Revolutionary Development Cadre ... More


The Politics of Global Coverage: The Navy, NASA, and GPS, 1960–2010

William Rankin

in After the Map: Cartography, Navigation, and the Transformation of Territory in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226339368
eISBN:
9780226339535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226339535.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The sponsorship of the Global Positioning System by the US Department of Defense in the early 1970s seems perfectly obvious – why wouldn’t the US military want an amazingly precise global navigation ... More


Politics and Policy

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In March 1986, the General Accounting Office submitted a report to Congress detailing the technical uncertainties surrounding the long-term effects of nuclear war. Titled “Nuclear winter: ... More


Modern U.S. Military Operations and the International Committee of the Red Cross: The Department of Defense’s Unique Relationship with the Guardian of International Humanitarian Law

Rachel E. VanLandingham

in U.S. Military Operations: Law, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199328574
eISBN:
9780199363193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328574.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter dissects the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)’s current relationship with the Department of Defense, a relationship which centers on the adherence by the United States to ... More


Facial Recognition Technology from the Lab to the Marketplace

Kelly A. Gates

in Our Biometric Future: Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732090
eISBN:
9780814733035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732090.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how automated facial recognition and related technologies were envisioned and designed to serve a set of institutional priorities during the period of political-economic ... More


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