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The Rationality Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Daniel Dennett’s “intentional stance” theory is a leading specimen of the rationality theory, though Dennett vacillates in offering stronger and weaker variants. In the strong formulations, the ... More


The Concept of a Natural Sign

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explicates the concept of a natural sign. The original Reidian concept of a natural sign is either a sensation or a perception that is causally linked “upstream” to what the sign ... More


Conclusion—Philosophy Enough

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This conclusion criticizes Daniel Dennett for dividing reality into first-class illata and second-class abstracta, and argues that fundamental physics directly studies extra-representational real ... More


 Knowing Spirits

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the ramifications that the attribution to Berkeley of a use theory of meaning has for the interpretation of the divine language thesis, the relationship between individual ... More


Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Robert Aunger (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The publication in 1998 of Susan Blackmore's bestselling The Meme Machine re-awakened the debate over the highly controversial field of memetics. In the past couple of years, there has been an ... More


: We Can Act Only Under the Idea of Freedom

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay has a two‐fold aim. One is to respond to Daniel Dennett's naturalistic treatment of the free will problem. According to Dennett, the idea of free will is reducible to a deliberator's ... More


The Unified Self

J.T. Ismael

in The Situated Self

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195174366
eISBN:
9780199872121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174366.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of Dennett's view of self-representation. It introduces the so-called “Joycean Machine”, special narrative module in the brain charged with production of an ... More


Decoherence and Ontology (or: How I learned to stop worrying and love FAPP)

David Wallace

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues for the view that the Everett (‘many worlds’) interpretation is nothing more or less than a literal reading of the formalism of unitary quantum mechanics. The central component of ... More


On the Inescapability of Phenomenology

Taylor Carman

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Dennett's intellectualist theory of consciousness trades on an equivocation between weaker and stronger claims that might be leveled against traditional psychology and epistemology. Only the weaker ... More


Homo Imaginans and the Concursus Divinus

Douglas Hedley

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter extends a project begun in the book Living Forms of the Imagination, which involves a defence of the cognitive significance of imagination. Imagination and fantasy are distinguished and ... More


Re-Imaging the Galapagos

Jil Evans

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores and compares the aesthetics and cogency of two images of the Galapagos Islands: a theistic and a naturalist view of the archipelago and nature itself. While naturalism seems ... More


Fragments of Consciousness?

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter evaluates the tenability of the unity thesis by examining the evidence for phenomenal disunity within the context of number of quite different domains. The first third of the chapter ... More


 My Compatibilist Proposal: Objections and Replies

Alfred R. Mele

in Free Will and Luck

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends a history-sensitive compatibilist view of free action and moral responsibility against various criticisms by compatibilists (including Daniel Dennett). It constructs a new ... More


Animal Agency

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers animal agency. Using the work of developmental psychologists, it is argued that agency is a highly robust and distinctive concept that ought to be accorded a central role in ... More


Explaining Religious Experience

Charles Taliaferro

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter highlights the importance of methodology in order to explain the religious experience the same way with the philosophy of mind. It focuses on the works of Daniel Dennett such as ... More


The Instrumentalist Approach

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the rise of ‘scientific philosophy’, which would expose the logical and conceptual bases of natural sciences. The author traces it back to the 19th-century philosopher Auguste ... More


Mandating Evolution: The 1990s and Beyond

Edward J. Larson

in Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154719
eISBN:
9780199849505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154719.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the ongoing efforts of evolutionists to consolidate their gains through state education standards. The 1987 US Supreme Court decision in Aguillard stalled the movement to inject ... More


Forward

Jeffrey Burton Russell

in Paradise Mislaid: How We Lost Heaven and How We Can Regain It

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195334586
eISBN:
9780199851423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334586.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The decline of heaven in the twentieth century was revealed by surveys that indicated the growth of atheism and indifference on the one hand, and the fragmentation of religion on the other. ... More


On What's in the Head

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A criticism of internalism (and a defence of externalism) about the content of propositional attitudes. It is argued that the hypothesis that there is a notion of narrow content that might be used to ... More


The Inherently Normative Nature of Action Explanations

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is a crucial difference between explaining actions on the basis of the agent's actual or possible practical deliberation (the deliberative model) and explaining them on the basis of some ... More


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