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How the Ancient Exercises Work

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The ancients offered a huge range of therapeutic exercises. Some ward off future emotion, some deal with emotion that has already arisen from a past occurrence. Chrysippus' emphasis on re-evaluating ... More


Atomism and Mechanism

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The ancient atomists, beginning with Democritus, maintained that there existed only atoms, endowed with a power of motion, and void, and that sensory qualities such as colors and scents had no ... More


On Self‐Defence and Utilitarian Calculations: Democritus of Abdera and Hermarchus of Mytilene

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter looks at the idea that some beasts threaten human well being, while others are conducive towards it. The views of Hermarchus on the need to wage war on the undesirable creatures, and to ... More


Skepticism and Health

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter takes up the question whether Nietzsche's philosophy ought to be characterized as “therapeutic,” as it so often has been, and investigates both his and the Greek skeptics' relationship ... More


Beginning of a Friendship

Robin Small

in Nietzsche and Rée: A Star Friendship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199278077
eISBN:
9780191602702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278075.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Presents the background to the formation of the friendship in 1876, by discussing Nietzsche’s early academic career and first important publications, The Birth of Tragedy and the Untimely ... More


Teleological Dialectic

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle articulates his natural teleology in the context of a dialectical engagement with his predecessors, identifying each of them with a salient causal factor: Empedocles (luck or chance), ... More


Atomism

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Atomism was worked out less than two hundred years after the beginning of science. It was not a lucky guess but a consequence of previous investigations. Democritus realized that the basic stuff need ... More


Evaluative Theories

J. C. B. Gosling and C. C. W. Taylor

in The Greeks On Pleasure

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246664
eISBN:
9780191681035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246664.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the evidence for the development in the pre-Platonic period of explicitly evaluative theories concerning pleasure. It involves firstly consideration of the views of Democritus, ... More


Looking Backwards

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pyrrho's philosophical affiliations and antecedents are far from clear and a bewildering variety of claims has been made on the topic, in both ancient and modern times. In the ancient period, these ... More


Epicurus

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Epicurus' theoretical and practical aims seem impressively unified. He defends the atomism of Democritus and argues that Democritean hedonism fits this ... More


Void?

J. T. Vallance

in The Lost Theory of Asclepiades of Bithynia

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242482
eISBN:
9780191680489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242482.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It was suggested that terms such as corpuscula and so on refer to the same fragile particles. This chapter argues that the fragility of Asclepiades’ corpuscles was something which set them apart from ... More


Cartesian and Aristotelian Physics

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 1

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250913
eISBN:
9780191597053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250916.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes's physics is set against the mainly Aristotelian ideas that preceded it, emphasizing six differences, three of which are the following. Aristotle's physics has many basic kinds of things, ... More


The Atomists

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the theory of Atomism, from Leucippus and Democritus to Epicurus and his followers. The early Atomists were concerned with the circumvention of the Eleatic denial ... More


Kinetic theory before Boltzmann

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The first atomic theory is credited to Democritus of Abdera, who lived in the 5th century BC. The actual development of the kinetic theory of gases accordingly took place much later, in the 19th ... More


Consciousness, Atomism, and the Ancient Greeks

Colin McGinn

in Consciousness and its Objects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267606
eISBN:
9780191601798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926760X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Physical atomism, as proposed by Democritus, was a speculative theory, without much empirical support or explanatory success, which much later received serious confirmation. Comparisons are drawn ... More


Distilling, Sublimation, and the Four Elements: The Aims and Achievements of the Earliest Greek Chemists

C. Anne Wilson

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

A large collection of chemical recipe texts dating from the end of the first century BC to the Byzantine period appear to describe actual chemical experiments and reactions carried out in ancient ... More


Plutarch against Colotes on Democritus’ νόμω‐Thesis

Eleni Kechagia

in Plutarch Against Colotes: A Lesson in History of Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199597239
eISBN:
9780191731495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597239.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines in detail Plutarch's arguments in response to Colotes' criticism of the well-known Democritean thesis that everything other than atoms and the void is what it is ‘by ... More


The Distinction between Primary and Secondary Qualities in Ancient Greek Philosophy

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the primary–secondary quality distinction can be found in ancient Greek philosophers in the form of two distinctions, one between the intrinsic qualities of basic matter and ... More


Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Victor Caston (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy provides, twice each year, a collection of the best current work in the field of ancient philosophy. Each volume features original essays that contribute to an ... More


Animated Atom Boy

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The concept of the atom dates back to the speculations of Democritus and other Ancient Greek philosophers, but it was only in modern times that atoms were shown to exist and physicists began to ... More


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