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The EU—Who are ‘We’ and Where is the Enemy?

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the risk of terrorist attacks by transnational groups has been systematically invoked by EU bodies to justify the launch (or expansion) of a broad set of risk-management ... More


The EU's Foreign and Security Policy: Incremental Upgrading of Common Interests and the Effects of Institutionalized Cooperation

Nicole Alecu de Flers, Laura Chappell, and Patrick Müller

in The EU's Decision Traps: Comparing Policies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199596225
eISBN:
9780191729140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

As decision-making in European foreign and security policy has remained an intergovernmental process where unanimous decision-making is the norm, this policy field seems a likely case for becoming ... More


The Rise and Fall of Israeli Operational Art, 1948–2008

Avi Kober

in The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599486
eISBN:
9780191595806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599486.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter examines the rise and fall of operational art in the Israeli armed forces. It argues that until the early 1970s the dominance of high-intensity conflicts, with their relatively ... More


“Yet the Capital of the World”: Rome, Repetition, and History in Shelley's Later Writings

Jonathan Sachs

in Romantic Antiquity: Rome in the British Imagination, 1789-1832

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376128
eISBN:
9780199871643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376128.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Shelley's later writing, despite its obvious fascination with Greece, represents Romanticism's most complicated engagement with Rome. Though considerable attention has been given to Shelley's ... More


Wyatt's Embassy, Treason, and ‘The Defence’

Greg Walker

in Writing Under Tyranny: English Literature and the Henrician Reformation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283330
eISBN:
9780191712630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283330.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines Wyatt’s embassy to the Imperial court of Charles V and his consequential arrest and interrogation by the Privy Council over allegations of treason. Wyatt’s impatience with his ... More


Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Martin S. Navias

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the 1950s nuclear weapons began to play an increasingly important role in Britain’s defence policy. The development of thermonuclear bombs and assessments of the great destruction that would ... More


Understanding European Union I: 1945–1982

David McKay

in Rush to Union: Understanding the European Federal Bargain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280583
eISBN:
9780191684364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280583.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the events from 1945 to 1982 that may have paved the way for the establishment of the EU. After the global war in 1945 the dominant world powers, the U.S. and the Soviet Union, ... More


The Services and War Planning in the Thermonuclear Era, 1955–1956

Martins S. Navias

in Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter seeks to outline Army and Navy perceptions of their roles and required capabilities in the thermonuclear era as they expressed themselves during the Eden administration. It discusses the ... More


The Sandys White Paper of 1957

Martins S. Navias

in Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In 1957 the new Minister of Defence, Duncan Sandys, sought to mould British defence policy and force structure to reflect the exigencies of war in the thermonuclear age. His termination of national ... More


Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries: The Loyalist Backlash

Gareth Mulvenna

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383261
eISBN:
9781786944061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries is a new oral history of the loyalist backlash of the early 1970s in Northern Ireland. In the violent maelstrom of Belfast in 1971 and 1972 many young members of ... More


Developing a ‘Comprehensive Approach’ to International Security: Institutional Learning and the CSDP

Michael E. Smith

in Constructing a Policy-Making State?: Policy Dynamics in the EU

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199604104
eISBN:
9780191741531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604104.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has been one of the most active areas of European foreign policy in recent years, and has launched over 20 foreign security operations since 2003. ... More


Beckoning from the Abode

Thomas McFarland

in Romanticism and the Heritage of Rousseau

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182870
eISBN:
9780191673894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182870.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter discusses a texture from the so-called second generation. It notes that it was Shelley's admiration of Rousseau that originally heralded this volume's shift to the texture of origins; ... More


The Theology of A Defence of Poetry

Bryan Shelley

in Shelley and Scripture: The Interpreting Angel

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122845
eISBN:
9780191671562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122845.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

One common interpretation across modern criticism involves how Shelley is to be perceived as a ‘prophetic poet’ since, according to Victorian Gilfillan, Shelley's ‘burdened soul’ brought the ... More


The Myths of Eden

Bryan Shelley

in Shelley and Scripture: The Interpreting Angel

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122845
eISBN:
9780191671562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122845.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

A political hope was shown in Shelley's Queen Mab that a ‘garden’ that is viewed to exceed the beauty of Eden will come about through material progress. However, in the Defence, he expressed that ‘a ... More


The Army and Law and Order 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0057
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyses the issue of deployment of the army on the request of the state government to quell disturbances. Mr Sharad Pawar's criticism on the frequent deployment of the army has been ... More


Forming Revolutionary Government

Howard G. Brown

in War, Revolution, and the Bureaucratic State: Politics and Army Administration in France, 1791–1799

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205425
eISBN:
9780191676628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205425.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the formation of the revolutionary government in France during the later part of the 18th century. The destruction of executive power between April 1792 and April ... More


Development Assistance and the Concept of Participation in Basic Education

Fatma H. Sayed

in Transforming Education In Egypt: Western Influence and Domestic Policy Reform

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160165
eISBN:
9781617970276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160165.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Identification of various external pressures on the Egyptian Ministry of Education makes them accept models of democratization, decentralization, and governance in education. Due to the absence of ... More


Invasion Scare 1939–40

S. P. Mackenzie

in The Home Guard: A Military and Political History

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205777
eISBN:
9780191676789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205777.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines influence of the invasion scare of 1939 in the establishment of the Local Defence Volunteers (LDV) in Britain. Unlike in 1949, the reality of war in 1939 proved rather different ... More


Local Defence Volunteers Spring 1940

S. P. Mackenzie

in The Home Guard: A Military and Political History

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205777
eISBN:
9780191676789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205777.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the formation of the Local Defence Volunteers (LDV) in Britain in the spring of 1940. Secretary of State for War Anthony Eden made the official announcement about LDV's ... More


People in Arms Summer 1940

S. P. Mackenzie

in The Home Guard: A Military and Political History

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205777
eISBN:
9780191676789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205777.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the preparation of the Local Defence Volunteer (LDV) or the Home Guard during the summer of 1940. The commander in chief of the Home Forces Edmund Ironside grouped the LDV into ... More


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