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The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


Hope Springs Eternal: French Bondholders and the Repudiation of Russian Sovereign Debt

Kim Oosterlinck

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300190915
eISBN:
9780300220933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190915.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This is a book about hope and international finance. The repudiation of Russia’s debt by the Bolsheviks in 1918 affected French investors for several generations. The reason for this was the sheer ... More


The English Past Tense: Simulations

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents simulation results for the English past. The first part of the chapter gives a general overview of the modeling assumptions used for the simulations of the English past-tense ... More


Hedonism: A Preliminary Formulation

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Presents some typical textbook formulations of hedonism. Shows that they are unacceptable as formulations of the view—they fail to state the intended view in a coherent and consistent way. A simple ... More


Meaning in Linguistic Interaction: Semantics, Metasemantics, Philosophy of Language

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199602469
eISBN:
9780191815867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602469.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The book contains a semantic and metasemantic inquiry into the representation of meaning in linguistic interaction. It offers a new contextualist take on the semantics/pragmatics boundary issue, ... More


Lexical entries and the generalized paradigm function

Andrew Spencer

in Lexical Relatedness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679928
eISBN:
9780191761508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679928.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter proposes a generalized paradigm function (GPF), comprising four separate functions defined over each of the four attributes of the lexical entry, FORM, SYN, SEM, LI, and mapping a ... More


Recognizing the Contingency of One’s Own Language

Anna Wierzbicka

in Imprisoned in English: The Hazards of English as a Default Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199321490
eISBN:
9780199369263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199321490.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, English Language

This chapter takes as its point of departure British writer Zadie Smith’s definition of language as “shared words that fit the world as you believe it to be” and illustrates its aptness with examples ... More


Increases in Size and Bank Default Risk: Evidence from European Bank Mergers

Jens Hagendorff

in Size, Risk, and Governance in European Banking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199694891
eISBN:
9780191748820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694891.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter analyzes the implications of European bank consolidation on the default risk of acquiring banks. For a sample of 134 bidding banks, we employ the Merton distance to default model to show ... More


Executive Pay and Risk-taking in the European Banking Industry

Jens Hagendorff

in Size, Risk, and Governance in European Banking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199694891
eISBN:
9780191748820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694891.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter analyzes a unique and hand collected dataset of executive compensation by all European bank CEOs of listed banks that publish such data. To further expand the sample of banks, this ... More


Sovereign Debt: Default and Repudiation

Kim Oosterlinck

in Hope Springs Eternal: French Bondholders and the Repudiation of Russian Sovereign Debt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300190915
eISBN:
9780300220933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190915.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The first chapter details the nature of sovereign debts. The sovereign nature of the issuer has an enormous impact in terms of risk. At the very least, one may argue that sovereign bonds have a split ... More


Mindreading by simulation: The roles of imagination and mirroring

Alvin I. Goldman and Jordan C. Lucy

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter updates the case for the simulation approach to mindreading. It shows how simulation theory successfully addresses four questions: (1) how mental-state attribution tasks are executed; ... More


Introduction: Where is Here?

Christopher Ali

in Media Localism: The Policies of Place

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040726
eISBN:
9780252099168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040726.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The introductory chapter introduces the reader to the concept of localism in both broadcast policy and critical theory. It also provides a brief historical overview of local broadcast policy in the ... More


The Solutions of Localism: Regulatory Approaches to the Crisis of Local Television

Christopher Ali

in Media Localism: The Policies of Place

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040726
eISBN:
9780252099168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040726.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Chapter 5 chronicles regulatory attempts to bolster local television, particularly local television news, in the US, UK and Canada. It argues that each of these attempts ultimately fell victim to ... More


The Political Economy of Localism: Critical Regionalism and the Policies of Place

Christopher Ali

in Media Localism: The Policies of Place

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040726
eISBN:
9780252099168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040726.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

In Chapter 6, the case studies are analyzed through the frameworks of critical regionalism and critical political economy. The first section describes how a political economy of localism has come to ... More


Joint Operating Agreements

Scott C. Styles

in Oil and Gas Law: Current Practice & Emerging Trends

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781845861018
eISBN:
9781474406239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861018.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Oil and gas exploration and production is an expensive process beset with a variety of risk. An exploration well may find nothing, meaning that that the entire cost of the drilling has been “thrown ... More


The Mortgage Crisis

Price Fishback, Jonathan Rose, and Kenneth Snowden

in Well Worth Saving: How the New Deal Safeguarded Home Ownership

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226082448
eISBN:
9780226082585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226082585.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the foreclosure crisis of the 1930s. Borrower defaults were rooted in the double trigger of reduced incomes and lower house prices, as well as the fragile structure of ... More


Temporality and epistemic commitment: an unresolved question

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in Time: Language, Cognition, and Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199589876
eISBN:
9780191757198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589876.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The thesis of the modal supervenience of temporality was presented in Representing Time (Jaszczolt 2009), and was well supported by theoretical arguments and by evidence from various languages. It ... More


Pragmatic indexicals

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in Expressing the Self: Cultural Diversity and Cognitive Universals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198786658
eISBN:
9780191828966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786658.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In this chapter Kasia M. Jaszczolt offers a pragmatic, contextualist account of the meaning of devices used for first-person reference that makes use of the post-Gricean idea of top-down modification ... More


Introduction

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in Meaning in Linguistic Interaction: Semantics, Metasemantics, Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199602469
eISBN:
9780191815867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602469.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The introduction sets the scene by focusing on the question ‘what is wrong about meaning?’, arguing that what is wrong with the extant approaches across the board is their holding on to the ... More


Interactive composition of meaning

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in Meaning in Linguistic Interaction: Semantics, Metasemantics, Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199602469
eISBN:
9780191815867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602469.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 2 focuses on the interactive composition of meaning. It dispels some myths surrounding compositionality, truth conditions, and logical form and reinstates acts of communication as the main ... More


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