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An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

John Alcock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews a variety of evolutionary themes and uses the small terrestrial orchids of Australia to introduce and illustrate these themes. Among the topics explored are the competing ideas of ... More


Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Wallace Matson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

After a Darwinian-type account of what beliefs are and how they arose in animals acting to cope with their environments–“low beliefs,” virtually all of which are true–Professor Matson shows how the ... More


Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

John Dupré

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. One hundred and fifty years later, we are still puzzling over the ... More


Babylon

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Organic Darwinian evolution is over, having been brought to an end by the vast explosion of technology that enables people to determine which species shall survive and which perish. This includes the ... More


Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


Conclusion

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Countless features of human evolution cannot be explained in detail by Charles Darwin's theory, as abstract models are more represented than the tiny part of the totality. Scientific works are, ... More


Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory of evolution may be successful in explaining natural history, but it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and rationality, as embodied in ... More


 Darwin and Pangenesis: The Search for the Material Basis of Generation and Heredity

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the history of our theorizing about the phenomena of generation and inheritance. It attempts to show that according to historical records, our efforts to theorize about ... More


 Galton and the Stirp Theory

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of Galton's transfusion experiments and his development of the “stirp” theory of inheritance. It then discusses Galton's understanding of “correlation” and “ ... More


 Scientific Foundations of an Evolutionary Theology

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 2 explores the epic of an evolving universe in order to understand the entities, structures, and processes that disclose the nature, attributes, and purposes of its Creator. This exploration ... More


 “The Glory of God Is Intelligence”: Mormons and the Life of the Mind

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Education is fundamental in Mormonism. Joseph Smith studied Hebrew, and established a School of the Prophets and the University of Nauvoo. Print culture was central to the Mormon church, and early ... More


Nietzsche's New Darwinism

John Richardson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195171037
eISBN:
9780199786084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171039.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Nietzsche wrote in a scientific culture transformed by Darwin. He read extensively in German and about British Darwinists, and his own works dealt often with such obvious Darwinian themes as struggle ... More


Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many commentators have claimed that Marx's materialist conception of history owes something to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. Why else, they ask, would Marx have offered to dedicate a ... More


Beneficial Order and Teleological Arguments for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that the theistic natural sign of “beneficial order” lies at the foundation of many of the teleological arguments for God's existence. This sign provides more content about God ... More


Behemoth and the Beagle: Creation According to Job 38–41

William P. Brown

in The Seven Pillars of Creation: The Bible, Science, and the Ecology of Wonder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730797
eISBN:
9780199777075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730797.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

God’s answer to Job is the focus of this chapter. God presents a panoramic sweep of creation that comprises the cosmic, the meteorological, and the biological. Its primary focus, however, is on the ... More


Biodiversity and Food-Web Structure of a Galápagos Shallow Rocky-Reef Ecosystem

Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Thomas A. Okey, and Stuart Banks

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes ecology of the Galapagos rocky reef system and the important role of biogeographic position on biodiversity, the El Niño cycle, and the history of resource extraction on the ... More


Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Jan Sapp

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book presents a history of the last two centuries of biology. It covers early evolutionary biology — Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin, and Wallace through to Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis — and ... More


Inclusive Fitness and Hamilton’s Rule

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how the logic of inclusive fitness theory can be mathematically formalized using the Price equation, and how that formalization can be used to derive Hamilton's rule in its ... More


Biodiversity and Plant-Animal Coevolution

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by tracing the history of research on mutualism. The first studies on mutualism focused on highly specialized one-to-one interactions between one plant and one animal. Examples of ... More


Warty Hammer Orchids, Adaptations, and Darwin

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the warty hammer orchid, a plant with an amazingly unflower-like flower that attracts a particular wasp, which is deceived into attempting to mate with the flower. Darwin’s ... More


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