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A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Peter Zachar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In psychiatry, almost no one questions the legitimacy of asking whether a given psychiatric disorder is real. Similarly, in psychology, scholars debate the reality of such theoretical entities as ... More


Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Real?

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the diagnosis of personality disorder in general and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in particular. After reviewing the history of the construct of NPD, the reasons why ... More


The Probability Dysfunction

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter moves toward a fundamental conceptual reorientation of disorder around risk by engaging directly the three major competing theories within the philosophy of medicine, those of Boorse, ... More


The Practical Ethics of Predictive Markers in Diagnosis: Can Risk Banding Address the Ethical Controversy Surrounding “Psychosis Risk Syndrome” and “Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease”?

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter illustrates some of the benefits of conceiving of disorder in terms of probability of harm (a Probability Dysfunction), one of which is the possibility to recognize that specific ... More


The Diagnosis of Schizophrenia

Matthew M. Kurtz

in Schizophrenia and Its Treatment: Where Is the Progress?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199974443
eISBN:
9780190280246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974443.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Philosophers of science have long argued that establishment of reliable classificatory schemes is a crucial first step in the beginning of measurement in any science. This survey of the emergence of ... More


Psychiatric nosology and cognitive enhancement

Dan J. Stein

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

There has been renewed interest in psychiatric classification, with the recent development of the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the 11th edition of ... More


Schizophrenia Genetics: Experimental and Theoretical Approaches

Kenneth F. Schaffner

in Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

This chapter on schizophrenia genetics examines the experimental basis of searches for schizophrenia genes, new ways to think about them, and some preliminary results of the post-2005 genome-wide ... More


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