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Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Philip Dawid, William Twining, and Mimi Vasilaki (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Evidence — its nature and interpretation — is the key to many topical debates and concerns such as global warming, evolution, the search for weapons of mass destruction, DNA profiling, and ... More


Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Jacob Höglund

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Conservation genetics focuses on understanding the role and requirement of genetic variation for population persistence. However, considerable debate now surrounds the role of genetic factors (as ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Duana Fullwiley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In the 1980s, a research team led by Parisian scientists identified several unique DNA sequences, or haplotypes, linked to sickle cell anemia in African populations. After casual observations of how ... More


 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


The DNA of COINs: Creativity, Collaboration, and Communication

Peter A. Gloor

in Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter uses examples from history to show how creativity, collaboration, and communication — in networks of people — have advanced civilization through to some of the greatest innovations of ... More


Lessons from haemoglobin

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Study of genetic variation at the globin genes has provided a series of fundamental insights the nature and extent of genetic diversity and its functional consequences. This chapter provides a primer ... More


Tandem repeats

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The discovery and characterisation of tandem repeat DNA has been of fundamental importance in the analysis of human genetic variation. The nature and origins of satellite, minisatellite, and ... More


Mobile DNA elements

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

In this chapter the remarkable extent of mobile DNA elements within the human genome is reviewed. The concept of mobile DNA elements as genomic parasites is discussed including how such elements are ... More


Clonality within the Individual

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although clonality is often discussed in reference to whole organisms, the phenomenon also applies to (and is underlain by) genetic processes operating within each individual. All forms of clonal ... More


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