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The Downsized Self

Nancy Sherman

in Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy behind the Military Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315912
eISBN:
9780199851201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315912.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses camaraderie, empathy, and respect. It looks at camaraderie as a critical element in combat courage and resilience, and as essential to psychological recovery in the aftermath ... More


Miscellaneous Contemporaries

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in Aulus Gellius: An Antonine Scholar and his Achievement

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199263196
eISBN:
9780191718878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263196.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter reviews other persons who appear in Gellius's work. The first is Peregrinus Proteus, a Cynic philosopher who railed against Herodes and whom others regarded as a charlatan; Gellius ... More


The Worth of Human Dignity: Two Tensions in Stoic Cosmopolitanism

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299905
eISBN:
9780191707803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299905.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Cynic/Stoic cosmopolitanism urges us to recognize the equal, and unconditional, worth of all human beings, a worth grounded in reason and moral capacity, rather than on traits that depend on ... More


Precursors and Emergence

Sergey A. Ivanov and Simon Franklin

in Holy Fools in Byzantium and Beyond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199272518
eISBN:
9780191709746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272518.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The holy fool has his distant roots both in the Old Testament prophet and in the Cynic philosopher, yet, he fundamentally differs from both. Orthodox students of holy foolery always cite the famous ... More


Ideal Sacrifice vs. the Ideal of No Sacrifice

Daniel Ullucci

in The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791705
eISBN:
9780199932436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791705.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter analyzes the competition to define the meaning and purpose of animal sacrifice among various ancient cultural producers. These include: Greek, Roman, and Jewish philosophers, Hebrew ... More


Satire 10: The Satirist among Cynics

James Uden

in The Invisible Satirist: Juvenal and Second-Century Rome

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199387274
eISBN:
9780199387298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387274.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The genre of Roman satire owes a debt to the Cynic form of the diatribe. Yet in Juvenal’s period, Cynic elements were not merely a fossilized element of his poetic tradition: the second century was ... More


The Background of Greek Philosophy and Ancient Judaism: Asceticism, Slavery, and Socio-economic Injustice

Ilaria L. E. Ramelli

in Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777274
eISBN:
9780191823022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777274.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter’s investigation into philosophy begins with the sophists and Socrates. Against unnamed sophists Aristotle theorized natural slavery, here critically analysed. Slaves, women, and ... More


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