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Free Trade, Transport, and Concealment

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter shows that the evolving English state was ill equipped to combat the dramatic rise in illicit trade that erupted onto the scene in the early 18th century. Seamen with customs commissions ... More


Life on the Waterfront

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter focuses on how the Customs House along with the Excise Office, the Bank of England, and the Stock Exchange Building lay at the heart of the state's fiscal success. The London Custom ... More


Inventing George Whitefield

Jessica M. Parr

in Inventing George Whitefield: Race, Revivalism, and the Making of a Religious Icon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628461985
eISBN:
9781626744998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461985.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Whitefield began his missionary career believing that he was a reformer in conversation with the Church of England about religious toleration. By the time Whitefield died in September 1770, he was ... More


Kirkcaldy

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Adam Smith was baptized on 5 June 1723 in the Fife seaport of Kirkcaldy, where his father, who died on 9 January 1723, had served as Comptroller of Customs. Father Adam Smith studied the liberal arts ... More


Alone in Foochow and Mukden

Isidore Cyril Cannon

in Public Success, Private Sorrow: The Life and Times of Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor (1857-1938), China Customs Commissioner and Pioneer Translator

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099616
eISBN:
9789882207301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099616.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

During his leave spent in the UK, Brewitt-Taylor (B-T) had been able to tend to his wife, spend time with his sons, and meet his future daughter-in-law and the Ellis family. When he returned to China ... More


The Structure and Organization of the Treasury

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

It was only since 1947 that the British Treasury has been formally responsible for economic policy coordination as its main functions were on raising of revenue through its subordinate departments of ... More


Harmonization of Rules Relating to Tariffs

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of rules relating to tariffs, comprising tariff classification, tariff evaluation and rules of origin. It traces its history in each regulatory area ... More


The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Petros C. Mavroidis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has extended its institutional arsenal since the Kennedy round in the early 1960s. The current institutional design is the outcome of the Uruguay ... More


Empire careers: Working for the Chinese Customs Service, 1854–1949

Catherine Ladds

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085482
eISBN:
9781781704974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085482.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

The Chinese Customs Service was a central pillar of the foreign presence in China, 1854–1949. Its far-reaching responsibilities included collecting duties on foreign trade, establishing China's first ... More


Public Success, Private Sorrow: The Life and Times of Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor (1857-1938), China Customs Commissioner and Pioneer Translator

Isidore Cyril Cannon

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099616
eISBN:
9789882207301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099616.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Living most of his adult life as an official in the Chinese Imperial Customs Service, Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor also achieved distinction as a scholar of Chinese. He prepared a masterly ... More


The Certificate of Origin: The Second Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explains the origins and uses of the certificate of origin, used in international trade for goods not entitled to the benefits of a free trade area or customs union. A complex system of ... More


Discord in Mengtze

Isidore Cyril Cannon

in Public Success, Private Sorrow: The Life and Times of Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor (1857-1938), China Customs Commissioner and Pioneer Translator

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099616
eISBN:
9789882207301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099616.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

Compared to experiences in Shanghai, Mengtze proved to be in great contrast for Brewitt-Taylor (B-T). Although the experience served as a chaotic testing point for B-T and his wife, it helped B-T's ... More


The Customs College and Leave

Isidore Cyril Cannon

in Public Success, Private Sorrow: The Life and Times of Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor (1857-1938), China Customs Commissioner and Pioneer Translator

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099616
eISBN:
9789882207301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099616.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

After his short leave, Brewitt-Taylor (B-T( assumed the position of full Commissioner at the ICMC Headquarters in Peking. B-T was Co-Director of the new Customs College, and he was in charge of ... More


Change of Career:: The Chinese Customs

Isidore Cyril Cannon

in Public Success, Private Sorrow: The Life and Times of Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor (1857-1938), China Customs Commissioner and Pioneer Translator

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099616
eISBN:
9789882207301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099616.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

After the death of his wife, Brewitt-Taylor (B-T) pursued a career change that he had already been considering as it appeared to offer better prospects. He joined the Imperial Chinese Maritime ... More


Scapegoats in the Sun

Dale Maharidge

in Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262478
eISBN:
9780520948792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262478.003.0022
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

May 12, 2009, began typically for Leopoldo Arteaga, owner of Mesa Groundskeeper, a landscaping company in a suburb of Phoenix, this chapter states. At six a.m., Leo, in his mid-sixties and a worker, ... More


The Agents

Stephanie Elizondo Griest

in All the Agents and Saints: Dispatches from the U.S. Borderlands

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469631592
eISBN:
9781469631615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631592.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The author spends a day at a U.S. Customs and Border Protection checkpoint in Falfurrias, Texas. Located 90 miles north of the border, it is one of the busiest checkpoints in the U.S., with about ... More


The German Civil Code and the Development of Private Law in Germany

Reinhard Zimmermann

in The New German Law of Obligations: Historical and Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291373
eISBN:
9780191700613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291373.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The German Civil Code is a comparatively late fruit of the codification movement. The way towards legal unity by means of a code of private law had been long and arduous. In the first half of the ... More


L.A.’s Past, America’s Future?: The 2006 Immigrant Rights Protests and Their Antecedents

Ruth Milkman

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The aftereffects of the massive immigrant rights marches of spring 2006 are evident on multiple fronts. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) dramatically stepped up its workplace raids and ... More


An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians

Edward William Lane

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789774165603
eISBN:
9781617975516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165603.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Few works about the Middle East have exerted such wide and long-lasting influence as Edward William Lane’s An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians. First published in 1836, this ... More


Social security policies in 2005

Paul Dornan

in Social Policy Review 18: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2006

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348449
eISBN:
9781447303459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348449.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines developments in social security policy in 2005. It discusses the continuation of the government's primary focus on reducing poverty through paid work, supplemented with ... More


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