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Banking Alliances and International Issues on the Paris Capital Market, 1890–1914

Samir Saul

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter focuses on syndicates between Parisian banks from 1890 and 1914. It aims to establish the identity of the managers and participants in underwriting and issue consortia, to highlight ... More


Low Wages Need Not Mean Low Incomes

Lane Kenworthy, Jessica Epstein, and Daniel Duerr

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Low-wage jobs are a prominent feature of the U.S. economy. To the surprise of many observers, the same can now be said of Germany. Changes in economic pressures, institutions, and policies make it ... More


Epilogue

Hugh Pemberton, Pat Thane, and Noel Whiteside

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The pension reforms proposed by Lord Turner's Pensions Commission were certainly radical, although perhaps not as radical as they might have been. How well did the government of Britain rise to the ... More


Welfare-to-Work: Which Policies Work and Why?: KEYNES LECTURE IN ECONOMICS

RICHARD BLUNDELL

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 117: 2001 Lectures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262795
eISBN:
9780191753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262795.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers the arguments behind the expansion in welfare-to-work programmes that occurred over the last decade, and reviews the effectiveness of alternative approaches to enhancing ... More


Renewed hope for mutuality: credit unions

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter charts the history of credit unions and their arrival in Britain during the 1960s. Initially championed as equitable alternatives to moneylenders and vehicles through which to renew ... More


From Imperial to Regional Banking: The Austrian Banking System, 1918–1938

Fritz Weber

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The central theme of this study of the Austrian banking system is the problem created by the impact on the large Viennese banks of the break‐up of the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. These banks were ... More


Analysis of the EU Credit Rating Agencies Regulation

Garcia Alcubilla and Ruiz del Pozo

in Credit Rating Agencies on the Watch List: Analysis of European Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608867
eISBN:
9780191739125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608867.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Due to the financial crisis, a new European System of Financial Supervisors including a new authority, ESMA, in charge of the oversight of rating agencies, was established. The chapter presents an ... More


Henry Thornton: The Lender of Last Resort

Antoin E. Murphy

in The Genesis of Macroeconomics: New Ideas from Sir William Petty to Henry Thornton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199543229
eISBN:
9780191715709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543229.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses Henry Thornton's background and contributions to macroeconomics. Topics covered include his writing of Paper Credit, his criticisms of Adam Smith's monetary economics, and ... More


Sanford I. Weill: 1933–: Conglomerateur

Edward Morris

in Wall Streeters: The Creators and Corruptors of American Finance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170543
eISBN:
9780231540506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170543.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The chapter describes the career of Sandy Weill, culminating in his formation of Citigroup.


Introduction

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The pre-2008-crisis faith in just one monetary lever, ensuring stability and growth, happened to be wishful thinking. The dynamics of the macro aggregates depends on heterogeneous expectations, ... More


The 2008 Global Crisis

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The 2008 global financial crisis thus was not just a garden-variety, white swan, business cycle event. It was a long time coming, and prospects for a repetition depend on whether underlying ... More


Analytics of Credit Frictions and Market Freezes

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The chapter reviews models that analyze frictions in loans extended by financial institutions and other lenders.1 Broadly speaking, these are models of credit frictions and market freezes. This ... More


Analytics of Asset Bubbles

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Speculators choose ex ante where to invest and cannot easily switch later. This implies that a group of similar investors ends up holding an asset, and when they are hit by a shock, there is no ... More


Migrants and their money: Surviving financial exclusion

Kavita Datta

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428431
eISBN:
9781447307549
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428431.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This original and topical book tells the untold stories of migrants' experiences of, and responses to, financial exclusion in London. Breaking important new ground, it offers an insight into ... More


Introducing Universal Credit

Paul Spicker

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In Chapter One, author Paul Spicker interrogates the government's introduction of Universal Credit, a controversial scheme designed to unify various means-tested benefits for people of working age. ... More


Assessing the effect of changes in school-milk and school-meals policy over short periods of time

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Changes in government policy on school milk led to funding for the NSHG. Hence, efforts were made to compare cohorts of children who had or had not received school milk at around seven years of age. ... More


Innovative Finance in Communities Across the United States

Georgia Levenson Keohane

in Capital and the Common Good: How Innovative Finance is Tackling the World's Most Urgent Problems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178020
eISBN:
9780231541664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178020.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

examine whether some of the place-based investment strategies, like the Community Reinvestment Act and the Low Income Housing Tax Credit—which have unlocked billions of dollars in private capital for ... More


Case study A: In-work benefits for low wage earners

Penny Leonard

in Promoting welfare?: Government information policy and social citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344885
eISBN:
9781447303091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344885.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents a case study that analyses government policies to provide information on social security benefits that are designed to supplement low wages. This is either for those who are ... More


Executive Stewardship of America’s Credit Card Economy

Sean H. Vanatta

in The President and American Capitalism Since 1945

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056524
eISBN:
9780813053455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056524.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Under the auspices of the Credit Control Act of 1969, President Jimmy Carter sought to restrict inflationary forms of credit—especially the use of credit cards. These unpopular actions contributed ... More


The United Kingdom: The Children’s Budget

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 5 examines how in the UK the Blair government’s promise to end child poverty translated into the introduction of the Working Families Tax Credit in 1998, which was subsequently split into the ... More


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