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Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Steven B. Smith

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this book, Steven Smith examines modernity as the site of a unique type of human being entirely unknown to the ancient and medieval worlds that is called the bourgeois. The characteristics and ... More


The Re-description of Enlightenment: Isaiah Berlin Lecture

J. G. A. Pocock

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 125, 2003 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263242
eISBN:
9780191734014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263242.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses the argument that the history of the Enlightenment should be pluralised. It shows that there were a number of Enlightenments occurring, and that not all of them were similar to ... More


Isaiah Berlin’s Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment

Robert Wokler and Christopher Brooke

Bryan Garsten (ed.)

in Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147888
eISBN:
9781400842407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147888.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the work of Isaiah Berlin. In 1973, Berlin produced the essay on “The Counter-Enlightenment,” which is commonly said to mark the invention of that term, at least in English. ... More


Early Enlightenment, Revolution, and the Modern Age

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how the same social inequalities, hierarchy, economic hardship, and political forms which fed social discontent and frustration in the 18th century already existed, at least in ... More


Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi: ‘Anti-Rationalism’ and the Civic Discourse

Fania Oz-salzberger

in Translating the Enlightenment: Scottish Civic Discourse in Eighteenth-Century Germany

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205197
eISBN:
9780191676543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205197.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the influence of Adam Ferguson's works on German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi. It states that Jacobi was a lifelong admirer of Ferguson and he was Ferguson's most ... More


Introduction

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

The Introduction situates the book against the background of current trends in Enlightenment studies. It highlights the naturalistic perspective on the evolution of human society, which was common to ... More


Isaiah Berlin and the Enlightenment

Laurence Brockliss and Ritchie Robertson (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198783930
eISBN:
9780191826580
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783930.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book assesses critically an important part of the work of a major historian of ideas. Isaiah Berlin (1909–97) published many influential essays on thinkers of the ‘long Enlightenment’ of the ... More


Modernity in Question

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this introductory chapter, the author explores the definition and history of modernity as not merely a question of temporal horizons, but as a mentality that celebrates scientific progress, ... More


Rousseau’s Counter-Enlightenment: Letter to d’Alembert on the Theater

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Rousseau is the first writer to signal a radical discontent with the Enlightenment and its creation, the bourgeois. He conveys this critique most powerfully in his denunciation of modernity’s great ... More


Modernity and Its Doubles

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this final chapter of the book, the author reflects on how today’s scepticism about progress has less to do with the Enlightenment’s failures than with its successes. It is the success of the ... More


Prologue: Beyond Autonomy

Karol Berger

in Beyond Reason: Wagner contra Nietzsche

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292758
eISBN:
9780520966130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292758.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Opera

The music-dramatic core of the book is framed by sections designed to place Wagner’s late works within the context of the political and ethical ideas of his time. The Prologue offers a genealogy of ... More


Human Society ‘in Perpetual Flux’: Hume’s Pendulum Theory of Civilisation

Ryu Susato

in Hume's Sceptical Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748699803
eISBN:
9781474416207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748699803.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume’s avowed endorsement of a cyclical view of civilisation has been considered one of his most significant differences from the French philosophes’ upholding of ‘Progress’ and ‘Reason’. Some have ... More


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