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The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


Western Actors and the Promotion of Democracy

Karen E. Smith

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines the particular role of Western actors in strengthening the process of democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The actors involved in the ‘Western project’ are individual Western states ... More


The EU Fundamental Rights Agency: Genesis and Potential

Olivier De Schutter

in New Institutions for Human Rights Protection

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570546
eISBN:
9780191705496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570546.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The Fundamental Rights Agency for the European Union was established in 2007. This chapter reflects on the genesis of the Agency. It maps the debate which led to its creation, in a form which ... More


Nationalism in Transition: Nationalizing Impulses and International Counterweights in Latvia and Estonia

Julie Bernier

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nationalizing impulses in countries with substantial ethnic minorities often provoke counter‐mobilization by those minorities. This chapter looks at the effectiveness of international organizations ... More


The Fight against Trafficking in Persons and Victims' Protection in the Council of Europe

Silvia Scarpa

in Trafficking in Human Beings: Modern Slavery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199541904
eISBN:
9780191715464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter reviews the action of the Council of Europe in the field of trafficking in persons. The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR) adopted by ... More


Human Rights

Iain McLean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Creation of the Council of Europe in the shadow of Nuremburg. History of gradual UK incorporation. European Court of Human Rights. Human Rights Act 1998. Human rights and unpopular minorities. Growth ... More


From the Brussels Treaty to the Council of Europe

A. W. BRAIN SIMPSON

in Human Rights and the End of Empire: Britain and the Genesis of the European Convention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267897
eISBN:
9780191714115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267897.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

This chapter gives an account of the Hague Congress of May 1948, and its demand for a European Charter of Human Rights, which led to the drafting of such a charter. It explains British Labour Party ... More


Understanding European Union I: 1945–1982

David McKay

in Rush to Union: Understanding the European Federal Bargain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280583
eISBN:
9780191684364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280583.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the events from 1945 to 1982 that may have paved the way for the establishment of the EU. After the global war in 1945 the dominant world powers, the U.S. and the Soviet Union, ... More


The Media in European and International Human Rights Law

Perry Keller

in European and International Media Law: Liberal Democracy, Trade, and the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198268550
eISBN:
9780191728518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268550.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter Six sets out, separately, the principles and rules of European and international human rights law that most directly affect the media. The Chapter examines the ECHR Article 10 right to ... More


Adoption of Human Rights Instruments in the Council of Europe

Tonia Novitz

in International and European Protection of the Right to Strike: A Comparative Study of Standards Set by the International Labour Organization, the Council of Europe and the European Union

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298540
eISBN:
9780191685484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298540.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter outlines the historical background to the adoption of multilateral instruments which contain provisions requiring protection of freedom of association and the right to strike. It begins ... More


Proposals for a Convention to Safeguard Europe from Tyranny and Oppression?

Ed Bates

in The Evolution of the European Convention on Human Rights: From Its Inception to the Creation of a Permanent Court of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199207992
eISBN:
9780191728440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207992.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

This chapter examines the origins and first proposals for a European Convention on Human rights, as well as the origins of the Council of Europe. It discusses the first proposals for a European Court ... More


Conclusion: Past Sources of Divergence and Prospects for Future Developments

Tonia Novitz

in International and European Protection of the Right to Strike: A Comparative Study of Standards Set by the International Labour Organization, the Council of Europe and the European Union

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298540
eISBN:
9780191685484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298540.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This final chapter discusses the past resources of divergence between international labour standards and future prospects for more consistent or coherent protection of a right to strike. It ... More


National Minority Rights Enforcement Mechanisms (1990–1995)

JENNIFER JACKSON PREECE

in National Minorities and the European Nation-States System

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294375
eISBN:
9780191685033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294375.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

By the mid-1990s, international society had come to include, alongside those traditional rights which states could claim against one another, a growing number of human and national minority rights ... More


Enlargement of the Council of Europe and Constitutionalization of the European Court of Human Rights

Wojciech Sadurski

in Constitutionalism and the Enlargement of Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199696789
eISBN:
9780191741722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696789.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Philosophy of Law

The accession of Central and Eastern European states into the Council of Europe and therefore the European Court of Human Rights system, prompted a shift of the European Court of Human Rights towards ... More


Divergent Remedial Mechanisms in the Council of Europe

Tonia Novitz

in International and European Protection of the Right to Strike: A Comparative Study of Standards Set by the International Labour Organization, the Council of Europe and the European Union

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298540
eISBN:
9780191685484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298540.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter discusses the mechanisms utilized for the implementation and review of the Council of Europe's position on civil, political, and socio-economic rights. The protection of human rights ... More


Introduction

Silvia Scarpa

in Trafficking in Human Beings: Modern Slavery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199541904
eISBN:
9780191715464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This introductory chapter synthesises the structure of the book that is subdivided into five chapters. The first chapter examines trafficking in persons in the light of the recent definition of the ... More


The Birth of the European Convention on Human Rights—and the European Court of Human Rights

Ed Bates

in The European Court of Human Rights between Law and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199694495
eISBN:
9780191729782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694495.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter addresses the background to the creation of the ECHR. From before the drafting within the Council of Europe, the chapter examines the actual drafting of the Convention by the ... More


Postwar Reconciliation, Colonialism, and Cold War Human Rights

Marco Duranti

in The Conservative Human Rights Revolution: European Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199811380
eISBN:
9780190638689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811380.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the role of imperial and international politics in the origins of the Council of Europe and the European Convention on Human Rights. The coupling of European integration with ... More


The Politics of Democratization: The Circular Problem of State Sovereignty

Tove H. Malloy

in National Minority Rights in Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199274437
eISBN:
9780191699757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274437.003.0008
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter considers the influence of the national minority discourse on the politics of democratisation. It analyses relevant texts produced within the Council of Europe that preceded the ... More


The Reform of the Convention System: Institutional Restructuring and the (Geo-)Politics of Human Rights

Robert Harmsen

in The European Court of Human Rights between Law and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199694495
eISBN:
9780191729782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694495.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

A discourse of imperative reform has marked discussions surrounding the institutional system of the European Convention on Human Rights since the early 1980s. Yet, the underlying drivers of these ... More


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