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 The Revolution on the Corner of Main and Hardy

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley began his tenure as assistant pastor of the East Church in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1783, and immediately came into conflict with the much older senior pastor. But within two years, ... More


 Spiritual Libertarianism

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

If Arminianism shaped his social ideology, Christian naturalism shaped his spiritual one. The removal of God from interfering in the natural realm allowed Bentley a new type and degree of religious ... More


The Last Puritans: Mainline Protestants and the Power of the Past

Margaret Bendroth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624006
eISBN:
9781469624020
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Congregationalists, the oldest group of American Protestants, are the heirs of New England's first founders. While they were key characters in the story of early American history, from Plymouth Rock ... More


Must Democracy Be Religiously Neutral?

Roger Trigg

in Religion in Public Life: Must Faith Be Privatized?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199543670
eISBN:
9780191701313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543670.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines whether or not democracy should be religiously neutral. A democratic country is one in which the government is answerable to the people. Freedom to choose a government is linked ... More


Darkness Falls on the Land of Light: Experiencing Religious Awakenings in Eighteenth-Century New England

Douglas L. Winiarski

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469628264
eISBN:
9781469628288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628264.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This sweeping history of popular religion in eighteenth-century New England examines the experiences of ordinary men and women living through extraordinary times. Drawing on an unprecedented quantity ... More


The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Hunter Powell

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book seeks to bring coherence to two of the most studied periods in British history, Caroline non-conformity (pre-1640) and the British revolution (post-1642). It does so by focusing on the ... More


Taylorites and Tylerites

Douglas A. Sweeney

in After Jonathan Edwards: The Courses of the New England Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199756292
eISBN:
9780199950379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756292.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Yale’s Nathaniel William Taylor was the most controversial Edwardsian theologian of his era. He scandalized the country with his recontextualization of Edwards’s views of original sin, freedom of ... More


The New England Theology in New England Congregationalism

Charles Hambrick-Stowe

in After Jonathan Edwards: The Courses of the New England Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199756292
eISBN:
9780199950379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756292.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter describes how the “light” of Edwardsian theology was “refracted” within the life of Congregational churches and institutions in New England and the New England diaspora from the ... More


Introduction

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The chapter introduces the reader to the various religious and political parties in the Puritan revolution. The standard storyline of the Westminster assembly described as an ecclesiological warfare ... More


Prelude to a Debate

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the relationships and theological connections between the Apologists (congregational divines), the Smectymnuun (English Presbyterian) divines, Scottish divines, and the English ... More


George Gillespie and the congregational alliance

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Commonly seen as ecclesiological enemies, the Scottish and congregational divines actually worked more closely together than any other group in the early part of the Puritan revolution. Led by George ... More


The ‘builders’ of the new Church of England

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter is a close examination of a brief, but crucial, debate at the opening of the Westminster assembly in late October 1643. This was the first debate over church government in the assembly, ... More


Transatlantic Confusion

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

John Cotton was widely regarded as one of the brightest and most influential puritans of his day. A lack of understanding of his unique polity (along with a casual use of the wrong sources) has ... More


Presbyterian coalitions

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

One of the great problems of the Westminster assembly was not rooted in the debates with Congregationalists. As the debates over church government escalated, differences within the Presbyterians ... More


The rise of the Dissenting Brethren

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Once it became clear that the assembly would settle upon a version of Presbyterian polity, attention was turned to accommodation. Contrary to current historiography, accommodation was made difficult ... More


Conclusion

Hunter Powell

in The Crisis of British Protestantism: Church Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096341
eISBN:
9781781708811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Whereas this book began with alliance, it ended with a breakdown of the major ecclesiological parties of the Puritan Revolution. When faced with the variety polities within their own ranks, for ... More


The Revived Church in A Faithful Narrative

Rhys S. Bezzant

in Jonathan Edwards and the Church

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890309
eISBN:
9780199352630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890309.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This section treats Edwards’s account of the 1735 revival along the Connecticut River Valley, which he defended against its detractors. He highlights its surprising nature and outlines the conversion ... More


The Dynamic Church Shaping Its Polity

Rhys S. Bezzant

in Jonathan Edwards and the Church

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890309
eISBN:
9780199352630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890309.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This section argues that Edwards moves away from traditional congregational polity in the course of his ministry to espouse a Presbyterian form of church government in which the clergy has ... More


Colonial Contexts and Global Dissent

Joanna Cruickshank

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume III: The Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199683710
eISBN:
9780191823923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199683710.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Theology

By the end of the nineteenth century, Dissent had gained a global presence, with churches from the Dissenting traditions scattered across the British Empire and beyond. This chapter traces the spread ... More


Presbyterians

Alasdair Raffe

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume II: The Long Eighteenth Century c. 1689-c. 1828

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198702245
eISBN:
9780191838910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198702245.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Older accounts of English Presbyterianism in the long eighteenth century tended to paint a picture of numerical decline and an inevitable drift away from Calvinist orthodoxy towards Unitarianism. ... More


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