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Shifting Grounds: Nationalism and the American South, 1848–1865

Paul Quigley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735488
eISBN:
9780199918584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735488.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Between 1848 and 1865 white southerners felt the grounds of nationhood shift beneath their feet. The regional conflict over slavery that culminated in the American Civil War forced them to confront ... More


Schools of Citizenship

Erik Mathisen

in The Loyal Republic: Traitors, Slaves, and the Remaking of Citizenship in Civil War America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469636320
eISBN:
9781469636337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636320.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Conceived in war, the Confederate States of America was a nation-state built around its military. As this chapter argues, military service quickly became fused with ideas about Confederate ... More


Secession, Merchant-Soldiers, and the Civil War, 1860–1863

Frank J. Byrne

in Becoming Bourgeois: Merchant Culture in the South, 1820-1865

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124049
eISBN:
9780813134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124049.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the changes in the lives of merchant families in the American South during the period from 1860 to 1863. The election of Republican Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860 ... More


Irish Rebels, Southern Rebels: The Irish Join the Confederate Army

David T. Gleeson

in The Green and the Gray: The Irish in the Confederate States of America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607566
eISBN:
9781469612508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607566.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes the Irish enlistment in the Confederate Army. The Irish who wished to remain in the southern states were compelled to switch their allegiance to the new Confederate States of ... More


The Influence and Zeal of Woman: Ladies' Memorial Associations during Radical Reconstruction, 1867–1870

Caroline E. Janney

in Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831762
eISBN:
9781469602226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882702_janney.7
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the series of Reconstruction Acts passed by Congress in March of 1867, prompted by former Confederate soldiers parading through the streets, the southern press's tirade against ... More


Economic Nationalism and the Growth of the Confederate State

John Majewski

in Modernizing a Slave Economy: The Economic Vision of the Confederate Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832516
eISBN:
9781469603278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882375_majewski.9
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter shows how the “visible hand” of an activist state made Confederates more likely to resort to far stronger state action when war endangered the survival of slavery. Whether it was ... More


“Objects of Humanity”: the White Poor In Civil War and Reconstruction Georgia

Denise E. Wright

in The Great Task Remaining Before Us: Reconstruction as America's Continuing Civil War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232024
eISBN:
9780823240494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232024.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines welfare in Georgia, focusing on the continuity of benevolence, albeit of a different sort. In Georgia, poor whites benefited from large aid programs ... More


Armed Slaves and the Struggles for Republican Liberty in the U.S. Civil War

Joseph P. Reidy

in Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300109009
eISBN:
9780300134858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300109009.003.0012
Subject:
History, Military History

Slaves were not initially involved in the U.S. Civil War, as white men were presumed to be the ones to settle the momentous issues that had divided the Union. Federal officials believed that the ... More


The South and the Principle of Self-Determination

Andre M. Fleche

in The Revolution of 1861: The American Civil War in the Age of Nationalist Conflict

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835234
eISBN:
9781469601946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869925_fleche.8
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses how the Confederate States of America, or southern states, dispatched a number of delegates to Great Britain in an effort to coax the British to recognize their right to ... More


From These Honored Dead: Historical Archaeology of the American Civil War

Clarence R. Geier, Douglas D. Scott, and Lawrence E. Babits (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049441
eISBN:
9780813050195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049441.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

One hundred and fifty years have passed since the beginning of events that would spiral into four years of destruction, death, devastation, sacrifice, and hell. On this anniversary, some might say it ... More


The Mayfield Convention

Berry Craig

in Kentucky Confederates: Secession, Civil War, and the Jackson Purchase

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813146928
eISBN:
9780813151441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813146928.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Purchase disdain for neutrality led some citizens to call for a military alliance with Tennessee or for regional secession and the formation of a Confederate state with West Tennessee. Delegates to a ... More


Introduction: Les Enfants de la Guerre

Edmund L. Drago

in Confederate Phoenix: Rebel Children and Their Families in South Carolina

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229376
eISBN:
9780823234912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229376.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine the rebel children and their families in South Carolina, where the Civil War erupted. Composed of a black majority, ... More


Many Valuable Records and Documents Were Lost to History: The Destruction of Confederate Military Records during the Appomattox Campaign

Keith Bohannon

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

During the last year of the war, Confederate record keeping had become haphazard and incomplete at best with company and regimental record books in a disorderly state. But such disarray did not begin ... More


The Green and the Gray: The Irish in the Confederate States of America

David T. Gleeson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607566
eISBN:
9781469612508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9781469607573_Gleeson
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Why did many Irish Americans, who did not have a direct connection to slavery, choose to fight for the Confederacy? This perplexing question is at the heart of this sweeping analysis of the Irish in ... More


The Negro Volunteer—Military Employment of Negroes

George Washington Williams

in A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823233854
eISBN:
9780823240807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

During the War of the Rebellion, the South took the initiative in employing Negro soldiers. However, they were free Negroes, and many of them owned large interests in Louisiana and South Carolina. A ... More


War Tests De Bow’s Theories and Patience

John F. Kvach

in De Bow's Review: The Antebellum Vision of a New South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813144207
eISBN:
9780813144481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813144207.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter analyzes how De Bow viewed the American Civil War. As a leading secessionist he hoped for an important job in the new government of the Confederate States of America. He became an agent ... More


Epublic in Peril

Howard Jones

in Blue & Gray Diplomacy: A History of Union and Confederate Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833490
eISBN:
9781469604497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898574_jones.5
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter shows how the supporters of the Confederate States of America regarded themselves as the true progenitors of the republic. They also deemed their secession from the Union as a return to ... More


Lee, Breckinridge, and Campbell: The Confederate Peacemakers of 1865

William C. Davis

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

In the late winter of 1865, the newly appointed Confederate Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge believed that the war was lost, reunion all but inevitable, and with Lee’s endorsement the ... More


The Counterfeit Nation: The KGC, Secession, and the Confederate Experience

Mark A. Lause

in A Secret Society History of the Civil War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036552
eISBN:
9780252093593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036552.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter argues that secession transformed the Knights of the Golden Circle from a political confidence game into a multipurpose tool for a nation-building enterprise. That is, the Knights of the ... More


Act of Justice: Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War

Burrus M. Carnahan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124636
eISBN:
9780813134871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124636.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

In his first inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln declared that as president he would “have no lawful right” to interfere with the institution of slavery. Yet less than two years later, he issued a ... More


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