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Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Pierluigi Frisco

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

How could we use living cells to perform computation? Would our definition of computation change as a consequence of this? Could such a cell-computer outperform digital computers? These are some of ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


The origins and development of the ACE project

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter details the history of the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project. The story of the ACE begins with John Womersley's appointment as superintendent of the newly created Mathematics ... More


The Pilot ACE at the National Physical Laboratory 1

James H. Wilkinson

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the pilot Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project at the National Physical Laboratory. The Pilot ACE had been designed purely as an experimental machine to demonstrate the ... More


The DEUCE—a user's view

Robin A. Vowels

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes the origins and development of the English Electric DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine), the production machine derived from the ACE Pilot Model. The DEUCE ... More


Cloud Computing

Nayan B. Ruparelia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

Most of the information available on cloud computing is either highly technical, with details that are irrelevant to non-technologists, or pure marketing hype, in which the cloud is simply used as a ... More


Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Christopher S. Yoo and Jean-Francois Blanchette (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

Cloud computing has emerged as one of the most salient recent developments in information technology. Predictions about its future run the gamut, with some believing that it represents a fundamental ... More


Reliability and the Internet Cloud

William Lehr

in Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

The Internet is evolving from a best-effort, unregulated, data transport network overlaid on the legacy telephone network (or PSTN) into the global platform (the new PSTN) for a much more complex ... More


Sea Change

Barry M. Katz

in Make It New: The History of Silicon Valley Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029636
eISBN:
9780262330923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029636.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The 1979 Palo Alto telephone directory lists exactly 9 “design” firms-squeezed between “detective agencies” and “diaper services.” Today there are, arguably, more designers working in the San ... More


Text before Images, or The Logic of Digital Worlds

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter evaluates the ways in which literary texts can be read as aesthetic formulations of control. The chapter first examines Deleuze’s positioning of Franz Kafka’s The Trial at the emergence ... More


Computing as Writing

Daniel Punday

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696994
eISBN:
9781452953601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696994.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Writing has long been used as a metaphor to understand computing. From the virtual desktop of modern operating systems to the way we name portable devices (the notebook computer, the iPad), writing ... More


The Swallow Flies Swiftly Through: An Analysis of Humanist (First Interlude)

Geoffrey Rockwell and Stéfan Sinclair

in Hermeneutica: Computer-Assisted Interpretation in the Humanities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034357
eISBN:
9780262332064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034357.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

What can you actually do with text analysis? Chapter 4 is the first Interlude or example of text analysis in action with Voyant. This Interlude asks about computing in the humanities and shows how ... More


Representations: HCI and Its History of Representation-Driven Interaction Design

Mikael Wiberg

in The Materiality of Interaction: Notes on the Materials of Interaction Design

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037518
eISBN:
9780262344692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037518.003.0002
Subject:
Art, Design

Computing, and human interaction with these computational machines, has commonly been thought of as a kind of abstract activity where we manipulate digital objects on glossy screens. It is abstract ... More


Minitel

Julien Mailland

in Paid: Tales of Dongles, Checks, and Other Money Stuff

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035750
eISBN:
9780262338332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035750.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Long before the World Wide Web, Mintel made France the world’s most “wired” country. Started in France in 1979 through the state-run monopoly telephone service, Minitel became the world’s first mass ... More


Introduction

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

What is the optimum investment required to provide computational resources? Since demand for computing varies, businesses face a dilemma: if they under-invest, then business suffers; if they ... More


Epilogue: Slow Machines and Utopian Dreams

Judith Donath

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0029
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The early days of social media saw tremendous optimism about the transformations that connecting people via networked computers would bring. This chapter, the book’s epilogue, analyses the nostalgia ... More


Cloud Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the second of six layers in The Stack, the Cloud layer. The “Cloud” refers to Cloud computing generally and includes global networks of datacenters, information channels and ... More


Address Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the fourth of six layers in The Stack, the Address layer. For any entity to participate in the wider Stack architecture it has to be known to it. It must be enumerated and ... More


Interface Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the fifth of six layers in The Stack, the Interface layer. The chapter outlines a typological history of interfaces, from the mechanical and the iconic to the haptic and the ... More


Police control systems in Britain, 1775–1975: From parish constable to national computer

Chris A. Williams

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719084294
eISBN:
9781781707975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084294.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Police Control Systems focuses on the way that British police institutions have controlled the individual constable on the ‘front line’. This control has been exercised by a variety of different ... More


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