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Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical process and manufacturing industries. It argues that computers fundamentally changed the nature of work in ... More


The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Arlindo Oliveira

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This book addresses the connections between computers, life, evolution, brains, and minds. Digital computers are recent and have changed our society. However, they represent just the latest way to ... More


The Personal Computer and Social Media

Paul E. Ceruzzi

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The use of digital computers to facilitate social interaction has not eclipsed the uses for which they were invented, but it often seems that way. That use requires an ability to network computers to ... More


Analog Agency in a Digital World

Nathan Cortez

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines how the FDA has regulated computer hardware and software the last 40 years, finding several recurrent problems that neither the agency nor Congress has effectively addressed. ... More


Market Making in the Personal Computer Industry

Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer

in The Market Makers: How Retailers are Reshaping the Global Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590179
eISBN:
9780191724893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590179.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

In this chapter, Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer analyze a transformation in the personal computer (PC) industry. In the traditional structure of the PC industry, PCs were marketed through a ... More


Design for X: Prediction and the Embeddedness (or Not) of Research in Technology Production

Dawn Nafus

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter reflects on a project within a technology corporation that challenged what it is a firm needs to know about its customers. When firms view customers as merely predictable, they reduce ... More


Transcendental Data: Toward a Cultural History and Aesthetics of the New Encoded Discourse

Alan Liu

in Local Transcendence: Essays on Postmodern Historicism and the Database

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226486956
eISBN:
9780226486970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226486970.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter, which provides a critical analysis of the technological terms of the postindustrial institutions led by knowledge work business, views such techno-logic through the lens of other ... More


Computerising the Back Office 1955–1980

Chris A. Williams

in Police control systems in Britain, 1775–1975: From parish constable to national computer

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719084294
eISBN:
9781781707975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084294.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The Police National Computer, which went online in 1975, allowed police officers throughout Britain to access certain datasets directly. It was the fruit of a long-term heavily-resourced project by ... More


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