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Algebraic Thought in Ancient and Medieval China

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter takes a look at the scope of mathematics in Ancient and Medieval China. Although the Chinese engaged in numerical calculation as early as the middle of the second millennium BCE, the ... More


Optimal Fiscal Policy in a Linear Stochastic Economy

Thomas J. Sargent and François R. Velde

in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The Lucas and Stokey (1983) economy without capital is used to exhibit features of the Lucas and Stokey model of optimal taxation, and show how they compare with Barro's (1979) tax‐smoothing model. ... More


What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Ed Finn

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This book explores the cultural figure of the algorithm as it operates through contemporary digital culture. Drawing on sources that range from Neal Stephenson’s Snow Crash to Diderot’s Encyclopédie, ... More


Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Seb Franklin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This book addresses the conditions of knowledge that make the concept of the “information economy” possible while at the same time obscuring its deleterious effects on material social spaces. In so ... More


Brain Computation

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Large-scale systems are hierarchically organized to manage their complexity. Silicon computing makes extensive use of hierarchies but computational models of the brain have tended to sidestep ... More


Introduction

Ed Finn

in What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

The introduction lays out the central argument of the book: that algorithms are best understood as complex “culture machines” that we engage on the levels of magical thinking, epistemology, social ... More


What Is an Algorithm?

Ed Finn

in What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter defines the algorithm as a critical concept across four intellectual strands, beginning with its foundations in computer science and the notion of “effective computability.” The second ... More


Coda: The Algorithmic Imagination

Ed Finn

in What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

The coda retraces the genealogy of the algorithm to consider our future prospects for achieving the twinned desires embedded in the heart of effective computability: the quest for universal knowledge ... More


Earth Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The foundational layer of The Stack is “Earth,” and this chapter examines how it operates as the substrate of each layer above. It begins with a consideration of the physical materials that go into ... More


User Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the sixth and top layer in The Stack, the User layer. It describes how Users initiate chains of interaction up and down layers, from Interface to Earth and back again. It sees ... More


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