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Adversaries on the Left: Revolutionary Rhetoric and Reformist Realities

Jack Hayward

in Fragmented France: Two Centuries of Disputed Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216314
eISBN:
9780191712265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Weak party and trade union organizations have been fragmented by fascination with revolutionary rhetoric despite recourse in practice to reformism. Following a contrast between anarchist outsiders ... More


Gorbachev and Political Transformation

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A central thesis of the book, elaborated especially in this chapter, is that from the outset of his General Secretaryship, Gorbachev was seriously interested in political change as well as in ... More


Excluding Communists

David Howell

in MacDonald's Party: Labour Identities and Crisis 1922-1931

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203049
eISBN:
9780191719530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203049.003.0023
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The relationship between the Labour Party and the Communist Party remained unresolved through most of the 1920s. Only in 1928, after several debates resulting in ambiguous decisions, did the Labour ... More


Singing the Village: Music, Memory and Ritual among the Sibe of Xinjiang

Rachel Harris

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262979
eISBN:
9780191734717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262979.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

The Sibe are an immigrant group, Qing dynasty bannermen who made a three-year ‘long march’ from Manchuria in the 18th century to serve as a border garrison in the newly conquered Western Regions of ... More


Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


The Making of a Reformist General Secretary

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter traces Gorbachev's progress from birth in March 1931 in a peasant family in southern Russia to his appointment as the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party ... More


The German Communist Party: (July 10, 1944)

Herbert Marcuse

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0014
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the Communist Party of Germany. Prior to 1933, the German Communist Party was an important force in the German political system and one of the three largest political parties. ... More


The Naxalites and their Ideology

Rabindra Ray

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077381
eISBN:
9780199081011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077381.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The Naxalite beginnings are by now history, and not a little nostalgia tinges the memory of these dreaded events. The leaders, the organizers, the spine, and the continuity of the movement are the ... More


Revolutionaries in Power, 1917–1923

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party, which constituted the political elite of Soviet Russia, was in Lenin's time, relatively homogeneous and was entirely composed of people who had ... More


The Dynamics of Political Normalization, Summer 1945–February 1946

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The period from the summer of 1945 to the first post-war elections in February 1946 saw the reconstruction of Belgian politics around the twin poles of the Socialist and Catholic parties. This ... More


Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains why reforms were possible during the 1970s in China under the Communist regime, but not in the Soviet Union. It argues that the reasons are a combination of a change in ... More


Anticolonialism in British Politics: The Left and the End of Empire 1918-1964

Stephen Howe

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204237
eISBN:
9780191676178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204237.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book studies British anticolonialism, an offshoot of a massive global upsurge of sentiment which has dominated much of the history of the 20th century. This book ... More


The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Liberation of Belgium by Allied troops in September was rapid and relatively bloodless. But it served as the prelude to a prolonged crisis of political power. The new government headed by Hubert ... More


An Anti‐Fascist Alliance, 1934–42

Nicholas Owen

in The British Left and India: Metropolitan Anti-Imperialism, 1885-1947

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233014
eISBN:
9780191716423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233014.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter looks at the most successful effort to build an alliance of the kind described in the previous chapter: the anti-fascist alliance built by Jawaharlal Nehru and parts of the Labour left, ... More


The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956

Patrick Major

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206934
eISBN:
9780191677397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Why was the West German Communist Party banned in 1956, only 11 years after it had emerged from Nazi persecution? Although politically weak, the post-war party was in ... More


‘To Fight The Class Struggle With The Bourgeois Courts With All Acridity’: the Communist Party Legal Organization

Grunwald Henning

in Courtroom to Revolutionary Stage: Performance and Ideology in Weimar Political Trials

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609048
eISBN:
9780191744280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609048.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The chapter is a history of the Communist Party legal organization, which funded, administered, and publicized tens of thousands of political trials. Despite their professions of ideological ... More


Federation Factionalism

David Howell

in MacDonald's Party: Labour Identities and Crisis 1922-1931

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203049
eISBN:
9780191719530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203049.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

By the mid-1920s, a pattern of factionalism had developed within the Miners' Federation of Great Britain which would characterize the union for many years. The Right included most District Officials ... More


The Communist Party USA and Black Freedom in the 1950s

Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

in James and Esther Cooper Jackson: Love and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166254
eISBN:
9780813166735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166254.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Jack continued his activist work while he was underground, only covertly. After his 1951 indictment, he wrote for Communist Party publications under a pseudonym, critiquing the Party’s position on ... More


The Free Germany Manifesto and the German People: (August 6, 1943)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0013
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the significance of the Free Germany Manifesto to the German people. Three facts made the Free Germany Manifesto significant: the backing it apparently received from the Soviet ... More


Intellectuals and the French Communist Party: Disillusion and Decline

Sudhir Hazareesingh

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278702
eISBN:
9780191684241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278702.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examining the emergence and subsequent demise of intellectual identification with the French Communist Party between 1945 and 1989, this book argues that, after 1978, political conflicts between the ... More


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