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Civil Rights in the Shadow of Slavery: The Constitution, Common Law, and the Civil Rights Act of 1866

George A. Rutherglen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199739707
eISBN:
9780199979363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739707.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Human Rights and Immigration

This book recounts the history of the nation's first civil rights act, from its passage in 1866 through its interpretation and reenactment in developments that reach the present day. The Civil Rights ... More


The Deathblows to Authoritarian Rule: The Civil and Voting Rights Acts and National Party Reform, 1964–72

Robert Mickey

in Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133386
eISBN:
9781400838783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how the federal government and black protest organizations intervened in southern authoritarian enclaves, with a particular focus on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting ... More


The Politics of Segregation in Post‐Reconstruction America

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Examines post‐Reconstruction race relations—focusing mainly from 1856–1964—and outlines the legal and political factors permitting its dissemination. King formulates segregation as an arrangement ... More


Conclusion

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

King explores the position of Black Americans in the Federal government since the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which he claims empowered the US Department of Justice extensively to investigate and ... More


Slave Emancipation and the Revolutionizing of Human Rights

Amy Dru Stanley

in The World the Civil War Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624181
eISBN:
9781469624204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624181.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the Civil Rights Act of 1875, also known as the Supplementary Civil Rights Act because it was intended as a supplement to the 1866 Civil Rights Act, from a human rights ... More


After the Dream: Black and White Southerners since 1965

Timothy J. Minchin and John A. Salmond

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129785
eISBN:
9780813135625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Martin Luther King's 1965 address from Montgomery, Alabama, the center of much racial conflict at the time and the location of the well-publicized bus boycott a decade earlier, is often considered by ... More


The Lawmakers

Christopher W. Schmidt

in The Sit-Ins: Protest and Legal Change in the Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226522302
eISBN:
9780226522586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226522586.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter centers on the people who crafted, debated, and made into law the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Of the various provisions in this landmark legislation, none was recognized as more important ... More


Firing the Presidential Cannons: The White House, 1963–1965

Sylvia Ellis

in Freedom's Pragmatist: Lyndon Johnson and Civil Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044569
eISBN:
9780813046174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044569.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how and why civil rights was a priority for President Johnson during his first two years in the White House. Within days of becoming president, after the shocking assassination ... More


The High Tide of Reconstruction: The Fourteenth Amendment and Later Legislation

George Rutherglen

in Civil Rights in the Shadow of Slavery: The Constitution, Common Law, and the Civil Rights Act of 1866

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199739707
eISBN:
9780199979363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739707.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Human Rights and Immigration

The 1866 Act led directly to adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment and provided the template for section 1 of that amendment, with its famous clauses granting citizenship, protecting privileges and ... More


Confronting the Roadblock: Congress, Civil Rights, and World War II

Julian E. Zelizer

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Despite the role that Congress would play in the eventual passage of legislation like the Civil Rights Act 1964 and the Voting Rights Act 1965, its role during the war has traditionally been ... More


From Bush to Bush: The Complexities of Civil Rights

Timothy J. Minchin and John A. Salmond

in After the Dream: Black and White Southerners since 1965

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129785
eISBN:
9780813135625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.003.0012
Subject:
History, African-American History

Journalist Steven A. Holmes suggested that there were “two George Bushes” in terms of civil rights. One was the one who advocated equality and attempted to terminate segregation as he hired the first ... More


Basic Legal Rights

Kent Spriggs (ed.)

in Voices of Civil Rights Lawyers: Reflections from the Deep South, 1964–1980

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054322
eISBN:
9780813053134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054322.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Part 3 discusses the growth of basic legal rights. In the twenty-first century it can be hard to appreciate how remarkably welcoming the federal judiciary was to the claims of the civil rights ... More


Civil Rights at the National Level: The Senate Years

Sylvia Ellis

in Freedom's Pragmatist: Lyndon Johnson and Civil Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044569
eISBN:
9780813046174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044569.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses Johnson's shifting position on civil rights as his national profile grew and his political ambitions gathered steam. Despite being known as “Landslide Lyndon” because of his ... More


Reaffirming the Revived Act: Extension, Reconsideration, and Recodification

George Rutherglen

in Civil Rights in the Shadow of Slavery: The Constitution, Common Law, and the Civil Rights Act of 1866

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199739707
eISBN:
9780199979363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739707.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Human Rights and Immigration

The revival of the 1866 Act in Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co. had momentous implications. In theory, it made the whole range of rights protected by the act applicable to private discrimination, while ... More


The Civil Rights Decision

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

On October 16, 1883, the Supreme Court ruled the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional. Although the Act was never fully enforced, it protected all Americans, regardless of race, in their access ... More


All the Way with LBJ

Yvonne Ryan

in Roy Wilkins: The Quiet Revolutionary and the NAACP

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813143798
eISBN:
9780813144467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813143798.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter spans the period immediately following the assassination of President Kennedy to the riots in the Watts district of Los Angeles, which exploded in the summer of 1965. Although Lyndon ... More


Nation Time

Richard Iton

in In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178463
eISBN:
9780199851812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178463.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

As the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act were put into practice, legal equality was formally established among all American citizens. This, however, led to the black community ... More


The Coalition of 1961–1965

in The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226845289
eISBN:
9780226845272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226845272.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The chapter then considers how the new context for coalition-making emerged during Kennedy's presidency, at a time when many in his administration were unhappy about the unbending nature of black ... More


Ethnicity and Social Welfare Policy

Carole B. Cox and Paul H. Ephross

in Ethnicity and Social Work Practice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195099317
eISBN:
9780199864744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099317.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Social policy determines to a large extent the ways in which practice is conducted. Policy reflects society's values while ethnicity can impact the ways in which these values are perceived by ethnic ... More


Dixiecrats, Dissenting Delegates, and the Dying Democratic Party: Mississippi's Right Turn from Roosevelt to Johnson

Rebecca Miller Davis

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Rebecca Miller Davis explores politics in Mississippi, one of the South's most notoriously segregationist states, between 1945 and 1964. She argues that Mississippi politics took a decided “right ... More


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