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The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duties, and Fate

Tad Brennan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199256266
eISBN:
9780191603075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256268.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This reader-friendly introduction to the ethical system of the Ancient Greek Stoics combines state-of-the art scholarship with lively and accessible prose. It builds on the renewed attention that the ... More


The Stoics on World‐Conflagration and Everlasting Recurrence

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In his bookOn providence, Chrysippus, the most learned and rigorous of Stoic philosophers, discussed the recurrence of the world. ‘Since this is so,’ he went on, ‘it is evidently not impossible that ... More


Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Richard Sorabji

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Stoics (Chrysippus, Seneca, Epictetus) tell us how to get rid of unwanted emotions by re-evaluating situations (cognitive therapy). In their view, an emotion is a pair of value judgements that ... More


Competing Readings of Stoic Passions

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Stoics and Epicureans, while holding that all human beings are constitutively capable of achieving a fully coherent state of character, also maintain that failure to realize this capacity results in ... More


Competing Readings of Platonic Psychology

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In Hellenistic-Roman debate about psychology, thinkers such as Plutarch and Galen saw themselves as maintaining Platonic (and Aristotelian) ideas about psychology that the Stoics rejected. This ... More


Introduction

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In addition to outlining the overall argument—that early Stoic political philosophy is deeply tied to the Stoic conceptions of reason, nature, and wisdom—the introduction explains two methodological ... More


Nominal Definition in Aristotle

Deborah Modrak

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The challenge for the interpreter addressing Aristotle's conception of nominal definition is to discover whether Aristotle has a comprehensive theory of definition that is broad enough to cover both ... More


Time and Existence

Arthur Prior

in Past, Present and Future

Published in print:
1967
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243113
eISBN:
9780191680632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243113.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter covers the following topics: modalized and tensed predicate logic; ancient, medieval, and modern objections to coming to be, being brought into being, and being prevented from being; ... More


Chrysippus on Physical Elements

John M. Cooper

in God and Cosmos in Stoicism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556144
eISBN:
9780191720864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556144.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter advances a new interpretation of what is perhaps the main source for Chrysippus' theory of physical elements (fire, air, water, and earth): a passage from Stobaeus' 5th-century ad ... More


Chrysippus on Conflagration and the Indestructibility of the Cosmos

Ricardo Salles

in God and Cosmos in Stoicism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556144
eISBN:
9780191720864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556144.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter deals with Chrysippus' claim that the cosmos ‘should not be said to die’. It argues that the claim is of great significance for our understanding of early Stoic cosmology because it ... More


Truth

Jonathan Barnes

in Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

According to Cicero, ‘Chrysippus strains every sinew in order to persuade us that every assertible is either true or false’. How did Chrysippus strain his sinews? Why did he strain them? And what ... More


The Old Stoics

ALAN SCOTT

in Origen and the Life of the Stars: A History of an Idea

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263616
eISBN:
9780191682612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263616.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the Stoic school, founded by Zeno in 301, which was succeeded in turn by Cleanthes and Chrysippus. The Stoics differed from Plato and Aristotle in denying that spiritual ... More


The Stoics 1

J. C. B. Gosling and C. C. W. Taylor

in The Greeks On Pleasure

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246664
eISBN:
9780191681035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246664.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the theory of perhaps the most influential of all the post-Aristotelian schools, the Stoics. It presents a brief survey of the view of pleasure which appears to have been ... More


Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Susanne Bobzien

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book is a comprehensive study of the Stoic theory of causal and teleological determinism. It identifies the main problems the Stoics addressed, reconstructs the theory, and explores how they ... More


Introduction

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a selective historical and critical study of moral philosophy in the Socratic tradition, with special attention to Aristotelian naturalism. ... More


Freud’s Classical Mythologies

RACHEL BOWLBY

in Freudian Mythologies: Greek Tragedy and Modern Identities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566228
eISBN:
9780191710407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566228.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers Freud's claim, in The Interpretation of Dreams, to have discovered in Sophocles' tragedy the evocation of a universal Oedipus. Second are aspects of the myth of Oedipus — such ... More


Two Chrysippean Arguments for Causal Determinism

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Cicero On Fate 20–21, 26–28, 37, On Divination I 125–6. The first argument: Chrysippus assumes as true a weak, non‐modal form of logical determinism (if p obtains at t, then for all ... More


Modality, Determinism, and Freedom

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Boethius On Interpretation II 234–5; Diogenes Laertius 7.75; Plutarch, On Stoic Self‐contradictions 1055d–f; Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 176.14–23. In the Stoic debate over ... More


Divination, Modality, and Universal Regularity

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Cicero On Fate 11–17; Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 208.15–21. Critics of the Stoics tried to show up an inconsistency between Chrysippus’ acceptance of divination, on the one ... More


Determinism and Moral Responsibility: Chrysippus' Compatibilism

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Gellius Attic Nights 7.2; Cicero On Fate 8 11, 39–45; Plutarch On Stoic Self‐Contradictions 1055f –1056d. There are only three sources that attest undoubtedly that Chrysippus, in ... More


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