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Wolff and the Birth of Aesthetic Rationalism

Frederick C. Beiser

in Diotima's Children: German Aesthetic Rationalism from Leibniz to Lessing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573011
eISBN:
9780191722202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573011.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Christian Wolff's contributions to the German aesthetic tradition. Virtually every aspect of Wolff's system — his metaphysics, ethics, psychology, and logic — were ... More


Symbolic Cognition from Leibniz to the 1760s: Theology, Aesthetics, and History

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores a synchronic approach to the interrelations between language and mind, as expressed mainly by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Christian Wolff. Leibniz's attempt to rehabilitate ... More


The Historical Background of Kant's Critical Teaching

J. N. Findlay

in Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermeneutic Study

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246381
eISBN:
9780191680960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246381.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a brief account of the three major influences which shaped Kant's opinions, which provided the background from which he dissented, and which he in great part transposed and ... More


Four intelligent reductionists: Looking down on human intelligence from Socrates to Spearman

Ian J. Deary

in Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter covers the historical contributions made to understanding intelligence differences by theorists such as Huarte, Thomas Hobbes, Christian Wolff, and Charles Spearman.


Christian Wolff: System as an Episode?

Thomas Kleinlein

in System, Order, and International Law: The Early History of International Legal Thought from Machiavelli to Hegel

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198768586
eISBN:
9780191821974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768586.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores Christian Wolff’s systematic method and how it resonated in later scholarship. Wolff considered his systematic method to be his original contribution to the study of ... More


Limiting Sovereignty

Henry Shue

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Employs historical analysis and philosophical reasoning to argue that sovereignty is inherently limited. The writings of classical theorists such as Grotius and Vattel indicate that aspirations to ... More


God is Good: The Harmony between Judaism and Enlightenment Philosophy

Michah Gottlieb

in Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn's Theological-Political Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195398946
eISBN:
9780199894499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398946.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores Mendelssohn's early thought. While Frederick the Great's enlightened absolutism should have presented Jews with greater opportunities for social advancement and equal rights, ... More


Introduction

Michael Hicks and Christian Asplund

in Christian Wolff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037061
eISBN:
9780252094163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037061.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

This introductory chapter is an overview of Christian Wolff's music and how it tends to defy academic analysis. In an academic musical culture such things must be easily systematized and categorized, ... More


: Kant on Freedom of the Will

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay discusses the various conceptions of freedom to be found in Kant's texts, analyzes the connection between them and Kant's moral theory and epistemology, explores the contrast between the ... More


Vast, Sparse Areas of Possibility: 1960–1969

Michael Hicks and Christian Asplund

in Christian Wolff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037061
eISBN:
9780252094163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037061.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter documents more experimental changes in Wolff's compositional oeuvre, as well as certain new milestones in his life. While working in the army, Wolff continued to develop his musicianship ... More


Christian Wolff and Experimental Philosophy

Alberto Vanzo

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume VII

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198748717
eISBN:
9780191814112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748717.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues for three claims concerning the relation between Christian Wolff’s philosophy and the methodological views of early modern experimental philosophers. First, Wolff’s system relies ... More


Among Friends, in a Private World

Michael Hicks and Christian Asplund

in Christian Wolff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037061
eISBN:
9780252094163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037061.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter contains some final reflections on Wolff. At present Wolff is the last surviving member of the so-called New York School of composers, and how he contends with this “survival” even as he ... More


Christian Wolff

Michael Hicks and Christian Asplund

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037061
eISBN:
9780252094163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037061.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This book, the first interpretive narrative of the life and work of Christian Wolff, traces the influences and sensibilities of a contemporary composer's atypical career path and restless ... More


Kant, Wolff, and the Method of Philosophy

Gabriele Gava

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume VIII

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198829294
eISBN:
9780191867880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829294.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Both in his pre-critical writings and in his critical works, Kant criticizes the Wolffian tradition for its use of the mathematical method in philosophy. The chapter argues that the apparent ... More


Introduction

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Introduction emphasizes the importance of the principle of autonomy and describes the structure of both Kant’s work and the commentary on it. It notes that the Groundwork has two tasks: to search ... More


The Challenge of New Philosophies

Ulrich L. Lehner

in Enlightened Monks: The German Benedictines 1740-1803

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199595129
eISBN:
9780191729096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595129.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter examines how the German Benedictines actively engaged in dialogue with modern philosophy. At the center of this dialogue was the University of Salzburg, a Benedictine institution, where ... More


(IN PLACE OF AN) Introduction: A Picture of Modern Disenchantment

Jeffrey L. Kosky

in Arts of Wonder: Enchanting Secularity - Walter De Maria, Diller + Scofidio, James Turrell, Andy Goldsworthy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226451060
eISBN:
9780226451084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226451084.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book starts with a picture that serves as a depiction of modern disenchantment. What it shows has become almost commonplace, hardly worth remark, much less, years of obsession. The book presents ... More


Negotiating the Irenical Turn

Kelly Joan Whitmer

in The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Two considers how and why the Halle Orphanage and its educational programming were implicated in the politics of confessional reconciliation that in many ways defined Brandenburg-Prussia ... More


Baumgarten’s Theory of Freedom: A Contribution to the Wolff–Lange Controversy

Clemens Schwaiger

in Baumgarten and Kant on Metaphysics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198783886
eISBN:
9780191826535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783886.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the key elements in the dispute between the Pietists and Wolff, and defends the thesis that as a figure situated at the boundary between these two parties, Baumgarten played a ... More


Between Wolffianism and Pietism: Baumgarten’s Rational Psychology

Corey W. Dyck

in Baumgarten and Kant on Metaphysics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198783886
eISBN:
9780191826535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783886.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter looks at Baumgarten’s attempt at mediating between the Pietists and the Leibnizian–Wolffian philosophy. Dyck shows how it leads Baumgarten to develop an original doctrine of rational ... More


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