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Creative Misunderstandings: Chinese Medicine in Seventeenth-Century Europe

Harold J. Cook

in Cultures in Motion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159096
eISBN:
9781400849895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159096.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines how “creative misunderstandings” can travel by focusing on how Chinese medical ideas and practices were perceived in seventeenth-century Europe. It first considers one example ... More


 The Creation and Evolution of Qigong

David Ownby

in Falun Gong and the Future of China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195329056
eISBN:
9780199870240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329056.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter traces the invention and evolution of qigong, the larger movement out of which Falun Gong emerged in 1992. Qigong was created as part of a nativist Chinese reaction to the importation of ... More


Chinese and Western Medicine in Hong Kong: Some Social and Cultural Determinants of Variation, Interaction and Change: (1975)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The anthropologist Raymond Firth points out that the observer is faced with the problem of accounting not only for continuity but also change. This chapter adapted this conceptual framework to its ... More


Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book aims to answer one question: How was Chinese medicine transformed from an antithesis of modernity in the early twentieth century into a potent symbol for China’s exploration of its own ... More


Science as a Verb:: Scientizing Chinese Medicine and the Rise of Mongrel Medicine

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Based on the discovery that it was the Nationalist state that popularized the project of “scientizing Chinese medicine” by establishing the Institute of National Medicine in 1931, Chapter 7 analyzes ... More


Epistemological Issues and Changing Legitimation: Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Twentieth Century

Charles Leslie and Allan Young

in Paths to Asian Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520073173
eISBN:
9780520910935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520073173.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In China, the social ideology supporting the social system of the Imperial age constituted epistemological root, that is, the legitimizing context of traditional medicine. This chapter discusses the ... More


Introduction

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 1 introduces the central puzzle of the book: How was Chinese medicine transformed from an antithesis of modernity in the early twentieth century into a potent symbol for China’s exploration ... More


The Chinese Medical Revolution and the National Medicine Movement

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 documents the key historic events that led to the rise of the National Medicine Movement. In March 1929, the National Board of Health unanimously passed a resolution to abolish the practice ... More


Chinese Traditional Aetiology and Methods of Cure in Hong Kong: (1976)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0021
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The position of Chinese medicine in Hong Kong and the problems of official recognition are complex. This book discovered in follow-up interviews that specialists sometimes combine medical treatment ... More


Conclusion:: Thinking with Modern Chinese Medicine

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

To explore the general implications suggested by the early history of modern Chinese medicine presented in the previous chapters, Chapter 11 recasts these historical findings as a heuristic tool for ... More


The Germ Theory and the Prehistory of “Pattern Differentiation and Treatment Determination”

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 8 examines the crucial debate on “the Unification of Nomenclature of Chinese Diseases,” the first and most important step in the efforts by the Institute of National Medicine to scientize ... More


Public Bodies

Joan Judge

in Republican Lens: Gender, Visuality, and Experience in the Early Chinese Periodical Press

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520284364
eISBN:
9780520959934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284364.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The nuance and insight of women’s writings is apparent in their discussion of issues related to women’s reproductive health. Chapter 4 probes the complexity of obstetrical and gynecological ... More


Weisheng and the Desire for Modernity

RUTH ROGASKI

in Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240018
eISBN:
9780520930605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240018.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter reports the four “cases” of weisheng from Tianjin of the 1920s and 1930s. The first case explores evidence of weisheng in the advertisements from Tianjin's major republican-era ... More


Medicine: Expression of the General State of Mind

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0029
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides a comparative look at Chinese and Greek medicine. Chinese medicine was created in an environment that recognized the exchange between various regional centers as the foundation ... More


Scorn, Mockery, and Invectives for Chinese Medicine

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0083
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter talks about the lack of respect and criticism for Chinese medicine. Europe's unbelievable enthusiasm in the nineteenth and early twentieth century to gain new knowledge by doing research ... More


Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Howard Chiang

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096006
eISBN:
9781781708460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096006.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the volume by situating historical epistemology in its proper intellectual and cultural genealogy (from the late nineteenth century to the present), by arguing for the ... More


Visualizing Health Care in 1930s Shanghai

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Instead of treating “Chinese medicine” and “Western medicine” as well-established distinct groups, Chapter 6 argues that these two styles of medicine took shape only gradually as they competed with ... More


State Medicine for Rural China, 1929–49

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The alliance between the state and Western medicine culminated when the Nationalist government included in its first constitution of 1947 a commitment to the policy of State Medicine, a healthcare ... More


Holism, Chinese Medicine and Systems Ideologies: Rewriting the Past to Imagine the Future

Volker Scheid

in The Edinburgh Companion to the Critical Medical Humanities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474400046
eISBN:
9781474422178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400046.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores the articulations that have emerged over the last half century between various types of holism, Chinese medicine and systems biology. Given the discipline’s historical ... More


What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Paul Unschuld

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book is a comparative history of two millennia of Western and Chinese medicine from their beginnings in the centuries bce through present advances in sciences such as molecular biology and in ... More


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