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Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many commentators have claimed that Marx's materialist conception of history owes something to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. Why else, they ask, would Marx have offered to dedicate a ... More


An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

John Alcock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews a variety of evolutionary themes and uses the small terrestrial orchids of Australia to introduce and illustrate these themes. Among the topics explored are the competing ideas of ... More


The Origin

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the evolutionary theory Darwin developed in The Origin of Species. Topics covered include Charles Lyell's contribution to Darwin's thinking, Darwin's shift from believing in ... More


The Darwinian Conscience

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter retells the story of Darwin, the moral theorist. Although Charles Darwin himself neither used nor explicitly resisted the language of altruism, many others, from the 1870s to the ... More


‘A Solitude beyond the Reach of God or Man’: Victorian Agnostics and Death

Pat Jalland

in Death in the Victorian Family

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201885
eISBN:
9780191675058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201885.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The decline of Evangelicalism, the emergence of biblical criticisms, and the introduction of science in the latter part of the Victorian period created some agnostics views of death. This chapter ... More


Darwinism and Sociopolitical Thought

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how Darwin succeeded in capturing a wide audience of scientists and non-scientists. Darwinian theory was used to support all types of political and ideological positions, from ... More


Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


Darwin's Champions

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on champions of Darwin's evolutionary theory, the most prominent being Thomas Henry Huxley in the UK and Ernst Haeckel in Germany. Topics discussed include man's place in nature, ... More


Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Larry A. Witham

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Offers a comprehensive and even‐handed summary of America's contemporary intellectual and social debate over evolutionism and creationism, with its roots in Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


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