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Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many commentators have claimed that Marx's materialist conception of history owes something to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. Why else, they ask, would Marx have offered to dedicate a ... More


An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

John Alcock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews a variety of evolutionary themes and uses the small terrestrial orchids of Australia to introduce and illustrate these themes. Among the topics explored are the competing ideas of ... More


The Origin

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the evolutionary theory Darwin developed in The Origin of Species. Topics covered include Charles Lyell's contribution to Darwin's thinking, Darwin's shift from believing in ... More


The Darwinian Conscience

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter retells the story of Darwin, the moral theorist. Although Charles Darwin himself neither used nor explicitly resisted the language of altruism, many others, from the 1870s to the ... More


‘A Solitude beyond the Reach of God or Man’: Victorian Agnostics and Death

Pat Jalland

in Death in the Victorian Family

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201885
eISBN:
9780191675058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201885.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The decline of Evangelicalism, the emergence of biblical criticisms, and the introduction of science in the latter part of the Victorian period created some agnostics views of death. This chapter ... More


Darwinism and Sociopolitical Thought

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how Darwin succeeded in capturing a wide audience of scientists and non-scientists. Darwinian theory was used to support all types of political and ideological positions, from ... More


Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


Darwin's Champions

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on champions of Darwin's evolutionary theory, the most prominent being Thomas Henry Huxley in the UK and Ernst Haeckel in Germany. Topics discussed include man's place in nature, ... More


Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Larry A. Witham

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Offers a comprehensive and even‐handed summary of America's contemporary intellectual and social debate over evolutionism and creationism, with its roots in Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


Darwin's Embryological Theory of Progressive Evolution

in The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the gradual, uniform development of Charles Darwin's embryological ideas and their role in his species theory. The principle of embryological and recapitulation model allowed ... More


Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

John Dupré

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. One hundred and fifty years later, we are still puzzling over the ... More


Atoning for the Sin of Speculation

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin’s well-known authorial decisions before publishing Origin were attempts to correct mistakes in his earlier efforts to author theories. He persisted in feeling he had erred by revealing his ... More


Darwin's Bards: British and American Poetry in the Age of Evolution

John Holmes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639403
eISBN:
9780748652174
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639403.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Is a Darwinian universe necessarily a godless one? What might Darwinism tell us about the nature of God? Is Darwinism compatible with immortality, and if not, how can we face death or the loss of ... More


Darwin's Illness

Ralph Colp Jr.

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The year 2009 marked the bicentennial of Charles Darwin's birth and the 150th anniversary of the publication of The Origin of Species. From 1840 to his death in 1882, Darwin was constantly plagued by ... More


. Forms Most Beautiful: Darwin

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which we examine the life of Charles Darwin from his birth in Shrewsbury, through his schooling at Edinburgh and Cambridge, the voyage of the Beagle, and the years leading up to and following his ... More


Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


Roughly Thoreau

Maurice S. Lee

in Uncertain Chances: Science, Skepticism, and Belief in Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797578
eISBN:
9780199932412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797578.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter focuses on the radical empiricism of Walden, Thoreau’s journals, and his later scientific writings. As an artist, philosopher, surveyor, fisherman, and naturalist, Thoreau comes to ... More


Biodiversity and Food-Web Structure of a Galápagos Shallow Rocky-Reef Ecosystem

Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Thomas A. Okey, and Stuart Banks

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes ecology of the Galapagos rocky reef system and the important role of biogeographic position on biodiversity, the El Niño cycle, and the history of resource extraction on the ... More


Darwin and the Beagle: Experimenting with Transmutation, 1831–1836

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the adventures of Charles Darwin, mainly in South America, during the five-year voyage of the HMS Beagle. The possibility of Darwin engaging with the concept of transmutation ... More


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